Drilling Fluids shale shaker

GN Solids Control made a small liquid and solids separation system. The small system is customized for an Europe company per clients request. The client asked for a small recycling unit with cleaning capacity of about 12-15 m³ / hour. The client wants a small single centrifuge in the small recycling system.

GN Solids Control customized a compact system which is composed of a small size shale shaker and a mini size decanter centrifuge. The shale shaker and decanter centrifuge are located on a mud tank together with a centrifuge feeding pump and electric control cabinet for the whole system. Tank size for the whole system is 3900Lx2250Wx1300H (mm) for easy movement. It is a small capacity recycling system with turn-key solution. All connections inside the system are included.

The Shale shaker separator model is GNZS752F-MDZF. It is a 2-panel small size shale shaker with small footprint.

The Decanter centrifuge model is GNLW223D-VFD. It is a 9” baby centrifuge for fine solids separation. The Cut point of GNLW223D-VFD centrifuge is 2 ~ 5 microns.

The color, brand and logo are all customized per client’s request. GN Solids Control is capable to make other customized system per clients job site situation. Clients can contact GN Solids Control sales engineer to get customized solutions.

Besides the small mud recycling system, GN Solids Control makes various sizes of Mud Recycling System for HDD, water well drilling, Trenchless, Piling and TBM activities.

The major applications of GN mud recycling system covers below field, but not only limited to below:
1) Trenchless HDD Project
2) Bored Pile Project
3) Micro TBM (Tunnel Boring Machine)
4) Diamond Drilling, Water Well Drilling etc

Below are some Mud Recycling desanding plant Models GN can make:
D Series Mud Recycling Models:
1)GNMS-200D Capacity: 200GPM, 50m3/h
2)GNMS-500D Capacity: 500GPM, 120m3/h
3)GNMS-1000D Capacity: 1000GPM, 240m3/h
4)Other models should be customized per clients’ request

Shale shaker model GNZS594F is designed and made by GN Solids Control to treat drilling mud for oil and gas drilling, HDD, TBM, CBM and other drilling activities. It is a linear motion shale shaker.

GN Solids Control keeps optimizing the product design and material base on jobsite performance. GNZS594F is the 6th generation shale shaker from GN Solids Control. It is the latest shale shaker model from GN Solids Control. It avoids most problems happened before and add some additional features per clients’ demands to make the shale shaker more durable and more user friendly.

GNZS594F shale shaker uses the same shaker screen with Mongoose shaker. GN Solids Control also makes mud cleaner with the same under flow shale shaker GNZS594F. The hydra cyclone unit on top of the shaker deck is easy to be removed. Once remove the desander and destiler cone unit, the mud cleaner can be used as a separated shale shaker.

Compared with other brand shale shakers, GN Solids Control shale shaker owns significant advantages:
1) GN GNZS594F shale shaker is utilizing composite frame pretension shaker screen, its life time is longer than traditional metal frame shaker screen and hoop type shaker screen. And composite frame screen usable area and screen conductance is better than traditional metal frame screens.
2) GN GNZS594F shale shaker and mud cleaner is fixing shaker screens by wedges. Compared with fixing screens by bolts, wedges is a very much and easy way for screen changing.
3) The GN shaker bed below the shaker screen is made from stainless steel to have anti-corrosion features for longer life. And the whole shaker deck is after heat treatment for more durable.
4) GN Solids Control shaker deck is sealed by oil-resistant sealing rubbers. It is GN patent design. And the shaker deck sealing rubber is interchangeable. The patent shaker screen seal technology can avoid fine solids bypass, and it makes the shale shaker deck easy for maintenance.
5) Mechanical Deck angle adjustable while working system to work reliably for different drilling fluids

Some sets of 500GPM mud desander plant will be ready for shipment in the coming week. They are ordered by a China domestic client for their trenchless drilling machines. The mode of these 500GPM mud desander plant is GNMS-500D. It is a very compact desandind plant to treat drilling mud from trenchless drilling well. The GNMS-500D desanding plants are customized with clients color and brand.

There is a double deck mud cleaner used in the system. The dirt drilling mud from trenchless well will be fed to the bottom deck of the double deck desander mud cleaner. As there are high sand contend and even rocks from the trenchless drilling well, PU screens or metal frame screen with bigger screen opening will be used for the bottom deck for screen separation. After the screening separation, the rocks and sands bigger than the screen opening will be 100% removed from the system, the liquid phase will pass the screen and fall down to the mud tank.

A centrifugal pump on the tank slop will suck and transfer the shale shaker recovered drilling mud to the 10’’ desander hydrau cyclone for desanding separation. The cuttings point of 10’’ desander hydrau cyclone is 57 microns. The clean drilling mud separated from 10’’ desander hydrau cyclone will flow to trenchless drilling rig well, or goes to storage tank. Hydrau cyclone is not a 100% separation device, there will be some percentage of usable clean mud be discharged together with sands.

As the 10’’ desander hydrau cyclone unit is mounted on top of the double deck shale shaker. The discharged dirty mud will be separated again by the upper deck screens to further recovery the usable drilling fluids. There are pressure while the dirty mud discharged from 10’’ desander hydrau cyclone, if they falls down to the screen surface directly, the mud will damage the shaker screens very soon. In order to protection screen and extend the life time. GN Solids Control equips small hopper under the 10’’ desander hydrau cyclone for damping.

GN Solids is a major manufacturer for drilling mud solids control equipment, drilling waste management equipment, and replacement shaker screens for various brand shale shakers. As more than half of GN products are exported to international market, GN Solids Control has more understanding on international market and for different markets.

For examples, GN Solids Control can offer VFD decanter centrifuge with explosion proof A/C cooling system for high temperature ambient areas and regions, GN Solids Control can offer waste management system with heating function for low temperatures areas in Russia and Siberia. GN Solids Control is the 1st API certified solids control company in China, also certified by: Europe DNV CE, HSE, ISO9001, ISO14001 ISO 28001, Russia CU-TR certificate. DGMS Explosion Proof standard is specially requested for India market.

Last week, some sets of dual tandem shale shaker for India clients. The dual tandem shale shakers will be used at oil and gas drilling field of a major oil company in India.

Shale shaker is a basic separation equipment for all kinds of drilling activities, like oil and gas drilling solids control mud system, Horizontal directional drilling mud recycling system, water well drilling mud recycling system, TBM, piling, tunneling and micro tunneling desanding plants. Per different applications, clients can choose double deck shale shaker, singe deck shale shaker, 2-panel compact design shale shaker, 3-panel or 4-panel big capacity shale shaker. And for different applications, clients can choose dual tandem shale shaker, or triple tandem shale shaker.

Besides various models of shale shakers, GN Solids Control is capacity to make full line drilling mud processing equipment, like mud cleaner, desander, desilter, vacuum degasser, centrifugal degasser, mud gas separator, mud agitator, pumps, decanter centrifuges, and drilling waste management equipment, like vertical cuttings dryer, high G dryer, high speed decanter centrifuge, screw conveyor, dewatering unit, etc… Other GN Solids is capacity and experience on zone-discharge closed loop mud recycling system for oil and gas drilling field.

Recently, a mud cleaning shale shaker, mud cleaner, and decanter centrifuge started to work at an Environmental Protection Company in U.S.A. The Environmental Protection Company in U.S.A. is to collect waste water and waste slurry from different activities, like from drilling, from construction job sites, etc… The company will treat the waste slurry, and cover the water and oil for reuse or resell. The recovered solids, cuttings and particles can be sold again to construction company for building construction, or to build roads.

Below separation equipment in included in the mud cleaning job site for the USA Environmental Protection Company.
The 1st mud cleaning equipment is a Shale Shaker. It is a 4-panel shale shaker utilizing composite material pretension shaker screen. The shale shaker model is GNZS594-HB. It is the most hot sale shale shaker model from GN Solids Control. The shale shaker is widely used in oil and gas drilling, non-oil drilling, and waste slurry separation.

The 2nd stage separation equipment is a 3-in-1 mud cleaner. The mud cleaner model is GNZJ594-2S12N. The 3-in-1 mud cleaner separator is combined of a shale shaker, above the shale shaker, there is a package of desander cone, and a package of desilter cone. The desander and desilter packing are used on top of the under flow shale shaker. The recovered slurry from desander and desilter falls down to the under flow shale shaker, and recovered by the shaker screens which with fine wire mesh. The desander separation is 10 inch which is with cut point 47 microns. The slurry recovered from desander separator will be pumped to desilter separation. The cut point of desilter separator is 27 microns, which is used to further purify the recovered slurry. After desilter separator, the weight of the slurry can be reduced, the solids content is smaller. And the solids size in the slurry is qualified for high speed decanter centrifuge separation.

A high speed big bowl decanter centrifuge GNLW553-VFD is used after mud cleaner separator to remove the ultrafine solids up to 2 microns.

Dual motion shale shaker is a kind of solids control drilling mud processing equipment. Shale shaker is the 1st stage solids control equipment to pre-treat drilling mud from drilling rigs. GNZS594F-SHBF is a Single Deck Dual Motion Shale Shaker. The shale shaker can be equipment with top weir feeder, or with back weir feeder.

GNZS594F-SHBF is a Dual Motion Shale Shaker. The shale shaker can work as Linear motion or Gradual elliptical motion. The working principle of dual motion is as below.

1) There are two vibrator motors mounted on the shale shaker, one of the vibrator motor can be adjusted manually. If the eccentricity is set to the eccentricity ratio we need, the forward and reverse excitation force of this vibrator will not change; the other’s eccentricity cannot be adjusted manually. The eccentricity ratio of forward and reverse is informed to the supplier in advance. The excitation force of this vibrator during forward rotation is exactly the same with the first one while it is only half of the first one when reverse rotating.

Generally speaking, the linear track motion is the opposite rotation of two vibrator motors; the gradual track motion is the same direction rotation of two vibrator motors.

When switching the two motion tracks at drilling site, it is necessary to wait until the shale shaker is completely stationary before switching through the button of the electric control panel. Before delivery from manufacture’s factory, the electric control cabinets will be equipped with function of shifting between dual motion shale shaker control and linear motion shale shaker control. The shale shkaker that has been delivered can realize track switching by adjusting the eccentric position and rotation direction of a vibrator.

Besides dual motion shale shaker, GN Solids Control can make linear motion shale shaker, mud cleaner, desander, desilter, decanter centrifuge and other solids control equipment.

A few weeks ago, GN Solids Control had a shipment for some solids control equipment to a client in Uzbekistan. Soon, the equipment will be used in extreme cold regions of Uzbekistan. The lowest ambient temperature in the area can be below minus 50 degrees Celsius.

This is not the first time that GN Solids Control has sent equipment to the extremely cold regions of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS).  4 years ago, in 2014, some package of drilling cuttings drying system was dispatch to Baker Hughes in Russian. The systems were running from 2014 till now. End users are very happy with GN products quality and GN services. Since they have other Chinese brand equipment in other jobsites, after comparison, end users said GN vertical cuttings dryer and decanter centrifuges are the best from China.

The solids control equipment will be used in clients’ drilling rig mud system for mud processing, the shipment is including following processing equipment:
1) Some linear motion shale shakers. It is the first stage solids control equipment in drilling rig mud system.
2)Some Mud cleaners. In rig mud system, mud cleaner is used after shale shaker. The desander can clean the mud to 50 microns, while the desilter separator can separate the drilling fluids to 27 microns.
3)Some Decanter centrifuge. There will be at least 2 sets decanter centrifuges in a complete drilling mud processing system. Firstly, a middle speed decanter centrifuge at 1800 rpm will be used to recovery the barite. After some circulation, there will be too much ultra fine solids inside the drilling mud, a high speed decanter centrifuge can be used to reduce the mud weight.

Furthermore, GN Solids Control is with rich experience to offer processing equipment for high temperature areas in Middle east and Africa, like in UAE, Kuwait, Iraq, Qatar, Yemen, Oman, Saudi, Algeria, Egypt, Ukraine, etc…In these areas, the highest temperature can up to +55 degrees Celsius. GN Solids Control is capable to make solids control and drilling waste management equipment for cold temperature areas to minus 50 degrees Celsius and to high temperature areas up to +55 degrees Celsius.

Vertical rotating drilling rig is the normal machine used in piling project. During the drilling process, in order to protect the inner wall of the drilling hole and speed up the process, the operator always chooses to use drilling mud. Then here comes another problem how to reduce cost of the drilling mud thereby to reduce the cost of drilling. The solution is to use mud recycling system to make the drilling mud reusable.
The purpose of the mud recycling system is to remove the large size solid particles in the drilling mud by several separation machines. In regards to the mud recycling system for piling project, it could be a very compact design as separation process is not so complex as that for oil gas drilling. GN solids control is one of the most experienced separation solution providers who could provide the mud recycling system for almost all the industries will use it. GN already developed the standard mud recycling system especially for the piling project.

gn-de-sanding-unit-piling

De-sanding Unit

Strictly speaking, the mud recycling system used in piling should be called de-sanding unit as the drilling depth is normally shallow and most of the solid particles are sand. A de-sanding unit would be enough for processing the separation to get the expected reusable drilling mud.
GN’s de-sanding unit is a compact structure 2 steps separation system. The main equipment in this de-sanding
unit is combined with a 2 layers shaker and cyclone manifold. The double layers shaker is used for coarse solids separation by the under layers and the upper layer screen is for drying the slurry discharged from the cyclone unit. The tank under the shaker unit is used to store the drilling mud. One centrifugal pump is installed in the system for transferring the mud to the cyclone unit for sand separation.
This de-sanding unit could be connected with extra mud tank for larger capacity mud storage. The operators can also equip a jet mixing unit to make an self-contained mud recycling system for other drilling project like HDD and water drilling.

Mud system will not work if there are no mud tanks. In the mud recycling system, the tanks are used to store the drilling mud to be a base where the solids control equipment to be installed. Normally, more than one mud tanks
will be used in the oil drilling mud system. For different purpose, the design of the mud tank is different, especially the inner structure of the mud tanks.
There are mainly 3 types of mud tanks recycling tank, intermediate tank and premixing tank. Then what are the different among these 3 types of mud tank?
The recycling tank is where to install the primary shakers and degasser unit, and also the de-sanding and de-silting unit. Each of equipment needs a compartment in the mud tank. As the recycled drilling mud is treated by the solids control equipment one by one. After treatment by each of the equipment, the drilling fluids will be cleaner than before. Thus the drilling fluids cannot be mixed. The wall between two compartments always has an overflow port for balance of the drilling mud in the tank.

Mud-Tank-for-ZJ-50

Mud Tank System

For the tank to install the de-sander and de-silter unit, inner structure of the mud tank would be much complex as there are pipes for centrifugal pump to such the drilling fluids from inside of the tank and transfer to the cyclone for further treatment. Operator has to know which pipe is for de-sander and which pipe is the desilter.
On the mud tanks for installing the solids control equipment on, there always have the walkways and handrails. The walkways provide enough space for the operator to walk around the equipment for operation and maintenance. Intermediate tank is a type buffering tank, part of this tank is for mud recycling, and other parts are used for mud storage. Operators can easily tell how many compartment in this tank.
The premixing tank is used to mix drilling fluids. It always is connected with the jet mixer unit. The mixing pumps suck liquid from mud tank and send liquid back again with added mud materials from the hopper. Thus the pump should be able to suck the drilling mud from anywhere in the mud tank used for mixing and storage.
Therefore, in the mixing tank, there are two groups of pipelines, one for sucking, and the other one is for sending liquid back. Mug agitators and mud guns are always installed on the mixing tank.
Though, the inner structure of the above tanks is different, the outer dimension and design are always the same for purpose of easy transportation and assembling.

In the just past MinExpo 2016 exhibition for especially for mining industry, GN showed the 9 inch decanter centrifuge there and many visitors came to GN booth showing great interesting to this unit.
9 inch is the smallest size model in GN’s decanter centrifuge production line. GNLW223 is the typical model number of this size, now both the fixed speed and VFD model available. At this time, all GN’s decanter centrifuge is electric driven; however, GN is researching the FHD model that is more preferred as less energy consumption.

gn-mining-centrifuge

GNLW223 Decanter Centrifuge – 9 inch

GN 9 inch decanter centrifuge unit can run normally at 3800 RPM for long time working condition, while the designed maximum RPM is 5000. GN’s dynamical balance testing instrument can test the decanter centrifuge at actual working speed, even the maximum designed RPM. This ensures the stable working performance.
GNLW223 series decanter centrifuge is mainly used for small capacity solids removal project. Diamond core drilling is a typical industry that will use this type decanter centrifuge. With a high working speed, the centrifuge unit would remove the ultra fine solids like less than 5 microns from the drilling fluids. Ceramic tiles are inlayed for protection of the screw propeller, which extends the working lifetime. For the customer who prefers the FHD model, GN also provides only the mechanical part like bowl assembly and bearing seat, customer could equip the hydraulic driving system and electric control system locally.
Some mining operators would ask put a shaker unit before the decanter centrifuge, thus the coarse solids could be removed firstly. Then the slurry with fine solids will be fed into the centrifuge. The function of the shaker is to remove most of the large size solids, which will greatly reduce the working load of the centrifuge. It is also a protection on the centrifuge unit.
Now GN already developed the compact solids removal unit including mini shaker and 9 inch decanter centrifuge. This system also has mixing system for adding bentonite into the fluids. Its compact structure make it could be helicoptered to lift to a remote area for working.