drilling mud centrifuge

Quantity 2 decanter centrifuges is under assembly and do factory testing in GN workshop. Both the 2 centrifuges are 14 inch bowl size. It is the most popular centrifuge size for oil and gas drilling mud treatment. GN Solids Control can make customized color and logo for GN centrifuges and other equipment. The 2 centrifuges are make per clients’ request for Middle East.

The quantity 2 decanter centrifuge are equipped with positive pressurized VFD control panel. The VFD panels are with installed with explosion proof air conditioner for self-cooling. Both the decanter centrifuge and VFD panel are complied with Europe ATEX Standard Explosion Proof to suit for 55C degree ambient.

Below are some basic principles of drilling fluid treatment decanter centrifuge operation:
1. Do not start the centrifuge without belt shield;
2. To ensure trouble free operation, first rotate the centrifuge bowl by hand before power the centrifuge;
3. If there is abnormal noise or vibration, do not continue to use. Stop the machine soon for trouble shooting.
4. Before feeding drilling fluid into centrifuge, make sure the centrifuge reach the specified speed.
5. Do not overfeed the centrifuge to avoid overload.

GN Solids Control can make heavy duty telescopic skid for all size GN centrifuges. During jobsite operation, the feeding pump, VFD control panel, pipelines and cables are all installed on the skid for easy layout.

GN Solids Control offer German brand NETZSCH pump to feed for GN decanter centrifuges. The rotor and stator are made in German. The whole pump assembled in China.

Besides screw pump, GN Solids Control makes other transfer devices for oil and gas drilling field.
1. GN Solids Control can make various sizes centrifugal pump for drilling mud transfer.
2. GN Solids Control can make vacuum pump for solids and sludge transfer. Compared with normal transfer pump, GN vacuum pump can allow high solids content and bigger size solids. The discharge distance of GN vacuum pump can up to 500m or 1000m based on the models.
If you are interested in any equipment, welcome you contact GN Solids Control freely.

GN Solids Control offers 2-phase separation and 3-phase separation on OBM and oil sludge treatment solution. Vertical cuttings dryer, high G drying shaker, 2 phase decanter centrifuge, 3 phase decanter centrifuge, 3 phase disc centrifuge are the major separation equipment used for the process. Job site operators can choose the suitable separation device to suit for the material situation and clients’ separation demands.

Chemical dosing unit is a necessary device to use together with the separation device. GN Solids Control has various sizes and various type of chemical dosing unit for liquid chemicals and powder chemicals.

For recover the usable drilling mud from OBM cuttings and WBM cuttings, major separation equipment is vertical cuttings dryer, high G drying shale shaker, and decanter centrifuge. The separation equipment can be laid on the same skid for compact design. Or vertical cuttings dryer / high G drying shale shaker and decanter centrifuge are put on different skids for flexible layout and easy movement.

Many clients want to know more and understand better of the equipment to treat OBM and WBM, all (vertical cuttings dryer, Decanter centrifuge, Screw Conveyor) are necessary to effectively treat oil base mud cuttings, and High G dryer, decanter centrifuge to effectively treat water base mud cuttings.

A client contacted GN Solids Control, they would like for package Solution to be installed next to concrete oil base mud tanks that they will build on their yard in order for OBM to be pulled directly from tanks to treatment solution. GN Solids Control can design layout of this all process to meet for clients’ request.

Regarding Decanter centrifuge, GN Solids Control can make 2-phase decanter centrifuge to separate liquids and solids phase. GN Solids Control is also capacity to make 3-phase decanter centrifuge which is able to separate Oil, Water and Solids. The tricanter centrifuge can help to extract and recover the oil from the mud.

Centrifugal separation is the process of separating heterogeneous mixtures such as liquid – solid, liquid – liquid – solid and liquid – liquid by centrifugal force. The process is divided into three types: centrifugal filtration, centrifugal sedimentation and centrifugal separation. The corresponding centrifuges are also divided into three categories: filtration centrifuges, sedimentation centrifuges and centrifugal separators.

Decanter centrifuge is widely used in oil field to treat drilling mud, drilling cuttings, and oil sludge and waste water generated from the drilling activities.

GN Solids Control makes various sizes of 2-phase decanter centrifuge, 3-phase decanter centrifuge, vertical centrifuge (normally called as vertical cuttings dryer), and disc centrifuge. GN Solids Control is capable to make explosion proof centrifuge to suit for hazardous environment, and non-explosion proof centrifuges for safety areas.

According to clients request and the application requirements on rotating speed and conveyor speed, GN Solids Control can make fixed speed control centrifuge, variable frequency control (VFD) control centrifuge, and full hydraulic drive (FHD) centrifuges.

Below are the major components of decanter centrifuge:
The rotating assembly:
The rotating assembly consists of a cylindrical stainless steel bowl, conveyor assembly, and related components. The bowl has openings at both ends: A conical head at the solid discharge end and a flat liquid bowl head at the opposite end. The bowl ends are supported by greased ball bearings.

The bowl assembly:
The bowl assembly consists of a cylindrical bowl closed on one end by the liquid bowl head and at the other by the solid bowl head.

Screw Propeller or the conveyor assembly:
The conveyor assembly is a hollow, cylindrical auger that receives the inlet slurry into its interior, disperses it through nozzles to the bowl assembly, and transports the solids to the solid discharge
outlet.

Besides centrifuge, GN Solids Control make other separation equipment to treat drilling mud and drilling cuttings, like shale shaker, high G drying shaker, desander, desilter, mud cleaner, etc…

GN Solids Control makes various sizes of oil sludge separation system. GN Solids Control is capable to make and offer the full package separation solution on various types of oil sludge. Double deck shale shkaer, decanter centrifuge and disc centrifuge are the major separation equipment used in oil sludge separation system.

Many clients are not familiar with disc centrifuge. Below is a detailed introduction of the disc centrifuge.

Disc centrifuge is a kind of sedimentation centrifuge, which is used to separate difficult materials, such as suspension composed of viscous liquid and fine solid particles, or emulsion composed of liquid with similar density, etc. Disc centrifuge is one of the most widely used sedimentation centrifuges.

Disc centrifuge is mainly used for 2 applications:

1) Liquid – solid separation (i.e. separation of bottom concentration suspension), it is also called clarification operation; It can be used to treat waste water or waste slurry, and recover liquid from waste slurry.

2) Liquid – liquid separation (or liquid-liquid-solid) separation (i.e. separation of emulsion). It is called as separation operation. It is widely used in oil sludge treatment system. Disc centrifuge is equipped after 2-phase decanter centrifuge. After disc centrifuge, operators can get oil, water and soil. It is liquid – liquid – solids separation.

The disc separator is a kind of vertical centrifuge. The drum is installed on the upper end of the vertical shaft and rotates at high speed driven by the motor through the transmission device. There is a group of disc-shaped parts – discs which are nested and stacked with each other in the drum. There is a small gap between discs.

The suspension (or emulsion) is fed to the drum through the feed pipe located in the center of the drum. When the waste slurry or oil sludge (or emulsion) flows through the gap between the discs, solid particles (or droplets) settle on the discs under the action of a centrifuge to form a sediment (or liquid layer). The sediment slides along the surface of the disc and separates from the disc and accumulates at the position with the largest inner diameter of the drum.

The separated liquid is discharged from the outlet of the drum. The function of the disc is to shorten the settling distance of solid particles (or droplets) and expand the settling area of the drum. Due to the installation of the disc in the drum, the production capacity of the separator is greatly improved. The solid accumulated in the drum shall be removed manually after the separator is shut down, or discharged from the drum without shutdown through the slag discharge mechanism.

Some sets of drilling mud solids control decanter centrifuge and drilling waste vertical cuttings dryer are ready. They are customized for an international drilling company. It is not the 1st time the client buy from us. All their drilling rigs are equipped with GN Solids Control drilling waste management equipment. There is a fixed speed decanter centrifuge, a VFD decanter centrifuge and a vertical cuttings dryer for a drilling rig for drilling mud and drilling cuttings treatment.

There are fixed speed decanter centrifuges, Variable frequency speed decanter centrifuges included in the project. Even for the fixed speed decanter centrifuge, GN Solids Control can offer another set of pulley and belt for another fixed speed control.

GN Solids Control offer German brand NETZSCH pump as feeding pump for decanter centrifuges. The feeding pump screw pump control is inside the decanter centrifuge control panel. There are interlock between decanter centrifuge main motor and back drive motor, and the pump motor. As the 3 motors must be started and stopped in order. It is to protect decanter centrifuge from overload. With the interlock control the feeding pump can be stopped automatically in case of too much mud feeding.

There is a lubricating oil system for the vertical cuttings dryer. The lubricating system must be started before the vertical cuttings dryer main motor start running. The oil system drive pump motor is included in the vertical cuttings dryer control panel to start oil pump for some minutes and then to start the main motor. GN Solids Control offers German brand NETZSCH pump as flush pump for vertical cuttings dryer. Screw pump flush pump control is included inside the vertical cuttings dryer control panel.

GN Solids Control offers telescopic skid for decanter centrifuges, VFD control panel and screw pump are mounted on the skid. GN Solids Control offers heavy duty skid for vertical cuttings dryer. Screw conveyors are used together with decanter centrifuges and vertical cuttings dryer to transfer drill cuttings.

VFD centrifuge and FHD centrifuge is widely used for drilling mud system. It can be used for drilling mud treatment, drilling cutting treatment, waste water treatment, and oil sludge separation.

As FHD centrifuge price is high. And the FHD system is normally complex for maintenance and repair. As this reason, VFD centrifuge is more popular than FHD centrifuge. GN Solids Control is a professional manufacturer for VFD decanter centrifuge. Other companies normally make VFD control panel with fan for cooling. It is not suitable for high temperature area. And it is not self cooling. GN Solids Control is capable to make positive pressurized VFD control panel, which can be equipped with A/C cooling system or vortex tube cooling system. It is GN special design. Both A/C and vortex tube system are for self-cooling. They can capable for high temperature area.

Many clients do not know the difference between Vortex cooling system and A/C cooling system for the centrifuge positive pressured VFD panel. Here is a general introduction of the difference difference between Vortex cooling system and A/C cooling system for the VFD

1) Positive pressured VFD panel with vortex cooling system is for CNEX Zone 2.
The video will make you clear about Vortex tube cooling system.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DevBGnT2xhI&ab_channel=StreamtekCorp

2) Positive pressured VFD panel with A/C cooling system is for ATEX Zone 1.
The A/C used for VFD panels looks the same as the AC we used for rooms and office, but explosion proof and suits for +55C degree. The cooling performance is better than vortex tube. Price is higher. It is specially used for high temperature areas.

With neither Vortex tube or A/C self cooling system, they can keep the internal of VFD panel around 25C degree.It is the most suitable temperature for electric components. The temperature can protect electric components and extend their lifetime.

This week, GN Solids Control finished some Drilling Mud Treatment system for overseas engineering service companies.

One of the drilling mud treatment system is a GNMS-500D Desander Unit. It is also called as desanding plant. The handling capacity of the GNMS-500D desanding unit is 500GPM. It is equipped with a combo type double deck shale shaker. Feeding pump and electrical control system are included in the the system for turn key solution.

GN Solids Control Desanding Plant is the economic way for the no-dig mud recycling. It is popular for Bored Pile Slurry desanding plant, micro tunneling sand treatment, TBM slurry treatment, HDD (trenchless) as well as water well drilling etc.

Other drilling mud treatment system is GNLW224ET-VFD Decanter Centrifuge Unit. The 9 Inch Decanter Centrifuge is a Mini centrifuge with small size for industrial application. GNLW224ET-VFD is a small size Decanter Centrifuge. The Bowl Diameter is 220mm (9 inch) and he bowl length is up tp 924mm (36.4 inch). The bowl diameter and length ratio is up to 4.

The fine solids removal unit includes a 9 inch bowl baby centrifuge for fine solids separation. The mini decanter centrifuge and the Centrifuge feeding pump are all located on a holding tank. There is a VFD control panel also located on the same tank to offer control to the whole system. With the VFD control panel, the typical speed of the 9 inch decanter centrifuge is adjustable from 1 to 4500RPM.

The bowl of the centrifuge is 9 inch (220mm). As the compact design, it’s popular for client to use it in small capacity or limited space application for solids and liquid separation. The 9 inch decanter centrifuge is also considered to be the ideal choice for experiment testing with decanter centrifuge. GN 9 inch decanter centrifuge is optional in three types includes: fixed gear box drive, fully hydraulic drive, and variable frequency drive.

GN Solids Control just finished a job site training via internet for a client in South America. The training is for number 2 decanter centrifuge GNLW363C-VFD. Now the decanter centrifuge start to running well at rig site. It is a 14inch high speed decanter centrifuge with variable frequency drive (VFD) control panel. The 2 decanter centrifuges are used at the drilling rig mud system in South American.

GN Solids Control 14 inch decanter centrifuge is widely used for various applications. The decanter centrifuge can be used in oil and gas drilling solids control system, used in HDD mud recycling system, used in drilling waste management fine solids separation, used in slurry separation treatment, it can also be used in dewatering treatment system, etc…

GN Solids Control major business is for drilling mud solids control and drilling cuttings treatment. Most decanter centrifuge is designed for drilling mud solids control. GN Solids Control decanter centrifuge is designed and made for both drilling mud solids control and drilling waste management.

Unlike drilling mud treatment decanter centrifuge, drilling waste treatment centrifuge requests better wearing-resistance of the equipment. In this case, the centrifuge centrifuge and vertical cuttings dryer used for waste management must have high material standard:

1) The bearings brand of GN Solids Control decanter centrifuge is international leading brand SKF and FAG. As there are big bearings in the machines.

2) GN Solids Control decanter centrifuge bowl material is SS2304 Duplex made by centrifugal casting.

Besides offering variable speed variable frequency drive (VFD) control panel, GN Solids Control is also capable to offer fixed drive control panel, and full hydraulic drive (FHD) control panel for the 14inch high speed decanter centrifuge. For the fixed speed decanter centrifuge, GN Solids Control can also offer other sets of pulley and belt. The clients can change the pulley and belts to get another fixed speed. The optional speed is 3200rpm, 2800rpm and 1800rpm.

Besides the number 2 decanter centrifuge, there are 2 screw pumps which are used to feed for the 2 decanter centrifuge.

 

Centrifuge separator is a relative complex separation equipment. Centrifuge manufacturing have high request on production machines and the design ability of the companies. In this situation, few solids control manufacturer have the capability to design and make centrifuge separators. GN Solids Control is among the few companies who can make full line solids control equipment and drilling waste decanter centrifuge.

Besides solids control equipment, centrifuge is a major separation equipment designed and made by GN Solids Control. Besides the oil field decanter centrifuge to treat drilling fluids and drilling cuttings, oil field oil sludge, GN Solids Control also design and make 2-phase and 3-phase decanter centrifuge and disc centrifuge to treat sewage waste and industry waste water.

This week, GN Solids Control factory is working on the assembly and commissioning of a package of decanter centrifuge. The decanter centrifuge package is customized and made for chemical engineering projects for clients in China. It is a customized decanter centrifuge specially designed for chemical industry separation. The bowl design is much different with the oil field decanter centrifuge and sewage waste centrifuge.

It is a big bowl high speed decanter centrifuge equipped in the industry engineering project. The decanter centrifuge will be used to treat liquid chemicals. Besides oil industry separation and chemical engineering separation, GN Solids Control centrifuge can also be used in below applications:
1) GN Solids Control makes centrifuge separator for sludge dewatering, mud dewatering and suspensions.
2) GN Solids Control can design and make centrifuge to clarifying different types of liquids.
3) GN Solids Control can design and make centrifuge for sludge / mud thickening.
4) GN Solids Control designs and makes 3-phase decanter centrifuge / disc centrifuge to separate 3-hase mixtures, it is mainly two immiscible fluid phases and a solid phase. E.g.: oil, water and soil.
5) GN Solids Control designs and makes centrifuge to classifying solids in a wet suspensions to recover a certain size solids.
6) GN Solids Control designs and makes centrifuge for the separation of solids according to various densities

A customized drilling mud processing system is is ready for shipment at GN Solids Control Beijing factory. It mud cleaning system is composted of a mud cleaner, a mixing hopper, and a centrifugal pump for mud mixing and transfer.
The drilling mud cleaning and mixing system is designed and made by client’s request to suit his drilling mud situation. Normally, mud cleaner is equipped after a pre-seperation shale shaker. But in this mud cleaning system, the first separation equipment is mud cleaner.

Drilling Mud Cleaner

Drilling Mud Cleaner

The reason why the client do not use shale shaker is that, they said the solids content in the mud is not much high. And mostly are fine solids. In this case, the drilling mud can be separated by mud cleaner directly. It is to save cost. As once the shale shaker is running, clients need to replace shaker screen periodically. It is a continue cost for operation. While delete the shale shaker, the system can meet client’s request. It can save the cost of shale shaker, and furthermore, the can reduce wearing spare parts shaker screen cost.

But if the solids content is high, or the particle side is big, which is over the hydracyclone separation point and its mud handing capacity, it is better to use a shale shaker before the mud cleaner. At one hand, the shale shaker can reduce the flow rate which feed to the mud cleaner. At another hand, after the shale shaker separation, the solids content will be reduced, and the big size particle are total removed based on the shaker screen API size and cut point. It can increase the hydraucyclone separation efficient, and also to avoid the fast wear out the hydraucyclones. 10 inch desander cone and 4 inch desilter cone are the most popular cyclone sizes used for drilling fluids separation system. Operator can choose the to use only desander cone or desilter cone, or both based on the mud condition and their budgetary. Desander and / or desilter cone quality depends on the handling capacity of the whole system.

Drilling Mud Centrifuge

Drilling Mud Centrifuge

Feeding pump for mud cleaner is centrifugal pump. The centrifugal feed pump is located on tank slope for compact design and for maximize the total tank usable volume.

After the mud recycling and mixing system, a drilling mud decanter centrifuge is used for fine solids separation. As there will be more and more fine and ultra fine solids after some circulation of the system. Decanter centrifuge will be used to reduce the mud weight.