Solids Control Equipments

GN Solids Control is a professional manufacturer to make different sizes Solids Removal Variable Speed Centrifuge includes stand, feed pump and connecting hoses, and other processing equipment and accessory processing equipment before and after decanter centrifuge.

GN Solids Control makes Variable speed from 0 up to 4,000 RPM per different models. GN Solids Control is capacity to make both VFD control decanter centrifuge and full hydraulic drive (FHD) decanter centrifuge per meet clients’ request.
GN Solids Control brand decanter centrifuge is designed with high G-force to get a better separation performance.

GN Solids Control has big bowl decanter centrifuge vary from 18 inch to 22 inch, and max. to 30 inch for big fluid processing rate. In the world, few companies have the capability to make big bowl decanter centrifuge up to 30 inch. GN Solids Control is one of them who have the abilities.
GNLW553 VFD decanter centrifuge is a 22 inch bowl decanter.
GNLW453 VFD decanter centrifuge is a 18 inch decanter.
GNLW363 VFD decanter centrifuge is a 14 inch decanter.
Roughly, for the same conditions, 1 set 22inch decanter = 2 x 14 inch decanter centrifuge.

And 1 set 18 inch decanter = 1.4 x 14 inch decanter. The operators cannot expect to use an 18 inch decanter centrifuge to replace 2 x 14 inch decanter or to replace a 22 inch decanter.

GN Solids Control 14 inch, 18 inch and 22 inch decanter centrifuge can all be used for heavy mud solids control. And also some clients want to use the decanter centrifuge for different applications like for barite recovery, HGS (high gravity solids), LGS (low gravity solids), waste management, and dewatering treatment, or other different applications, the centrifuge features are not all the same. When GN Solids Control makes the design for standard models, GN Solids Control need to balance the performance for all the situations. If clients have fixed applications with the centrifuge, suggest clients to share the information to GN Solids Control sales engineer before order to get and best solution to suit for the projects and maximized the separation performance.

 

GNLW363 FHD centrifuge is a Full Hydraulic Drive decanter centrifuge. It is designed to remove low specific gravity solids from slurries. After the FHD centrifuge separation, the solids are removed and the liquid is returned for recirculation. Like in the drilling mud system, the recovered slurry is drilling fluids, it can be reused in drilling mud system, in waste water treatment system, the recovered slurry is water, which can be reused in the waste water treatment plant. And in some cases, like in the barite recovery treatment, the solids are returned to the active system and the liquid is discarded, or goes to further treatment processing.

GNLW363C-FHD decanter centrifuge is fully hydraulic drive. Th Full hydraulic driven system is imported from leading brand from Switzerland. The bowl speed and conveyer speed of GN FHD decanter centrifuge is adjustable within the permitted range. It can achieve independent, step-less and large-range speed regulation for the bowl and conveying. The bowl speed and conveyer speed during working is showing on the screen.

The advantage of the full hydraulic drive centrifuge is for use in high temperature ambient for heavy mud with flexible bowl and differential speed. The compact one skid design makes it easier for rig up.

GN FHD decanter centrifuge is composed of bowl assembly, collection box, hydraulic drive system, electrical control panel, drive motor, vibration switch (optional), case, base assembly, and skid.

During decanter centrifuge operation, drilling mud or slurry is pumped through the feed tube into the center of the rotating conveyor, where it splashes against the feed accelerator. Screw pump is widely used as feeding pump for decanter centrifuge, besides screw pump, centrifugal pump and submers. The high velocity slurry is then dispersed out four feed nozzles mounted in the periphery of the conveyor cylinder. Rotating at a higher speed than the conveyor, the bowl creates an additional shearing effect, which further increases the slurry’s acceleration. The depth of the slurry in the bowl (pond depth) is determined by the setting of weirs on the liquid bowl head (large end of the bowl).

GN Solids is a major manufacturer for drilling mud solids control equipment, drilling waste management equipment, and replacement shaker screens for various brand shale shakers. As more than half of GN products are exported to international market, GN Solids Control has more understanding on international market and for different markets.

For examples, GN Solids Control can offer VFD decanter centrifuge with explosion proof A/C cooling system for high temperature ambient areas and regions, GN Solids Control can offer waste management system with heating function for low temperatures areas in Russia and Siberia. GN Solids Control is the 1st API certified solids control company in China, also certified by: Europe DNV CE, HSE, ISO9001, ISO14001 ISO 28001, Russia CU-TR certificate. DGMS Explosion Proof standard is specially requested for India market.

Last week, some sets of dual tandem shale shaker for India clients. The dual tandem shale shakers will be used at oil and gas drilling field of a major oil company in India.

Shale shaker is a basic separation equipment for all kinds of drilling activities, like oil and gas drilling solids control mud system, Horizontal directional drilling mud recycling system, water well drilling mud recycling system, TBM, piling, tunneling and micro tunneling desanding plants. Per different applications, clients can choose double deck shale shaker, singe deck shale shaker, 2-panel compact design shale shaker, 3-panel or 4-panel big capacity shale shaker. And for different applications, clients can choose dual tandem shale shaker, or triple tandem shale shaker.

Besides various models of shale shakers, GN Solids Control is capacity to make full line drilling mud processing equipment, like mud cleaner, desander, desilter, vacuum degasser, centrifugal degasser, mud gas separator, mud agitator, pumps, decanter centrifuges, and drilling waste management equipment, like vertical cuttings dryer, high G dryer, high speed decanter centrifuge, screw conveyor, dewatering unit, etc… Other GN Solids is capacity and experience on zone-discharge closed loop mud recycling system for oil and gas drilling field.

This week, a client contacted a sales manager of GN Solids Control; he said he wanted to order some Augers. He asked GN Solids Control sales manager to inquire what augers can GN Solids Control make, and he also want to know what the safety protections on GN Solids Control auger are equipped, so someone will not be hurt while using it.

GN Solids Control recommends the client some of the same safe standard for a major Oil copany in Middle East. Below are some of the HSE standards suggested to the client:

1) GN Solids Control can equip grab wire along the auger length: operator can stop the auger at any place along the auger. And in case the auger cover is opened, or not closed well, the auger will be stopped automatically. In this case, operators will not be hurt.

2) Control panel can be equipped with E-stop and with control for the grab wire, to switch off power supply to the auger automatically in case the auger covers are opened or removed or not closed or not appropriately fixed.

3) Another optional safety protection is Audio and / or visual alarm system on auger control panel: the voice and light alarm will automatically switch on once the power is switched on, and the Audio and / or visual alarm system keep for some seconds before the auger start rotating. The alarm gives time for the nearby operator to know the screw conveyor will start rotating, and reminder them to keep away.

Auger is also known as screw conveyor. It is widely used at oil and gas drilling flied. Screw conveyor can be located under shale shaker, mud cleaner, desander, desilter, or decanter centrifuge, to collect drilling cuttings discharged from solids control equipment, and transfer the drill cuttings to drilling waste management equipment, like high G force shale shaker and vertical cuttings dryer.

GNSX-450 is a three phase decanter centrifuge. The bowl size of GNSX-450 three phase decanter centrifuge is 450mm (18 inch) diameter by 1800mm in length. It is designed for 24 hours continuous and smooth operation throughout the day. It is mainly composed of driving system, decanter bowl, and screw conveyor inside the bowl, cover box, skid and VFD control panel.

Working principle of GN Solids Control 3 phase decanter centrifuge

GN Solids Control 3 phase decanter centrifuge is mainly designed and made for liquid, liquid and solids separation. GN Solids Control 3 phase decanter centrifuge can also be applied to two immiscible liquids with different specific gravities. When the solids and liquid mixture (raw material before separation) rotates into the high-speed rotating bowl internal the 3 phase decanter centrifuge, the solids and liquid mixture rotates synchronously with the drum. As the reason of the different specific gravity, the centrifugal force of the solids and different liquid is different.

The solid particles which with the larger specific gravity are subjected to the greatest centrifugal force, followed by the heavy phase liquid (such as water) and the light phase liquid (such as oil). So the centrifugal force is becoming less from outside to inside according to the magnitude of centrifugal force. A concentric solid layer and two liquid layers are formed.

The Solids phase inside the mixture will be pushed out by the conveyor impeller of the centrifuge bowl, and liquids are removed from their respective nozzles depending on different gravities. As the reason, GN Solids Control three-phase decanter centrifuge can not only separate the solid from the solids and liquid mixture, but also separate the two-phase liquid with different specific gravity in the liquid and liquid mixture. In this case, Solid / liquid / liquid separation can be achieved.

Besides 3-phase decanter centrifuge for oil field and non-oil field, GN Solids Control has other separation equipment to cater for different application, like shale shaker, mud cleaner, desander, desilter, degasser, transfer pumps, drilling waste management equipment, etc…

Screw pump is also called as Progressive Cavity Pump. A screw pump is a type of rotary pump which is equipped with rotor and stator. The rotor and stator is combined together and rotate within a cylindrical cavity or liner. The fluid or transfer medium enters from the suction side of the screw pump and moves linearly along these intermeshing screws / rotors to the discharge side of the pump.

Screw pump is a popular feeding pump type for centrifuge, no matter for decanter centrifuge, 3-phase centrifuge, or disc centrifuge. Besides screw pump, submersible slurry pump and sand pump are also been used a centrifuge feeding pump. But as submersible slurry pump and sand pump are both a kind of centrifugal force pump, they are not as good as screw pump to feed for decanter centrifuge.

Decanter centrifuge is a high speed rotating device. There will be many self-protection function for safety and also for protect the device. A major self-protection application is over-load protection. It means in case the centrifuge feeding is over load, the centrifuge will be stopped to avoid damaging bearings or damaging rotating component. In this case, the feeding screw pump must be capable to adjust the feeding flow. There are mainly 2 ways to control the feeding screw pump input flow rate:

1) If fixed speed screw pump is used to feed for decanter centrifuge, a VFD control panel is requested to adjust the feeding flow rate to avoid over load, and to reach the better separation performance.

2) If manual adjustable speed screw pump is used as decanter centrifuge feeding screw pump. Fix speed control panel can be used for the pump for start and stop.

Furthermore, as the decanter centrifuge has self-protection function in case of overload. To avoid damage the centrifuge, there must be an inter-lock connection between the centrifuge control and the feeding pump control. In case the centrifuge is stopped, feeding pump can be stopped immediately. And the screw pump cannot be started until the decanter centrifuge is running stably.

This week, a full package of compact oily sludge separation system was finished from GN factory in Beijing China. The compact design fast movable oily sludge treatment system is purchased by a reputable Environmental Solutions Company from China domestic market.

There are 3-stage separation equipment included in the oily sludge treatment system.

1) There is a 2-panel small footprint shale shaker equipped in the system for coarse solids separation. The model is GNZS752. As mostly, the oily waste come out from different sources and it is mixture of different wastes. There may be big size solids in side. The big sides solids may block or even broken the centrifuges. The small size shale shaker is used to remove the possible big size solids in the sludge.

2) There are 2 centrifuges in the oily sludge treatment system. The first centrifuge we call it decanter centrifuge. The decanter centrifuge model is GNLW224, it is a 2-phase separation centrifuge. The 2-phase decanter centrifuge is help to remove solids or soil from liquid mixture. The 9 inch centrifuge is a min size decanter centrifuge. The bowl diameter is only 9 inch, but the bowl length and diameter ration is up to 4. The longer ration can help to get cleaner liquid. It is the smallest centrifuge from GN Solids Control for industry separation.

3) The second centrifuge inside the oily sludge treatment system is disc centrifuge. It is also called 3-phase centrifuge. As the name mean, the disc centrifuge can separation oil, water and soil.

Many people may wonder: in case the disc centrifuge can separate and get oil, water and soil. While you add 2-phase decanter centrifuge inside the system? Really, the 2-phase decanter centrifuge is surely not to increase the cost. The disc centrifuge can only allow liquid mixture with liquid content less than 3%. Otherwise, it will damage the centrifuge. While the decanter centrifuge can allow liquid with solids content up to 15% ~ 20%. Decanter centrifuge is a necessary as pre-separation before disc centrifuge.

Recently a customer has some questions about GN Electric Ignition Device. They contacted GN people and GN replied. Below are the major communication between GN and operator of the ignition device.

Client’s Questions 1: I presume the solenoid valve will close once the ignition is activated or should we close it on remote. This is for preserving the gas for future use. ( we may have to ignite several times during well kill operation as we get gases intermittently-H2s Laden gas)
Reply from GN Solids Control: Once you start up the igniter and it is firing stably, the solenoid valve can be closed for saving gas. As the gas tank is small size. It is only 5kg. You can ignite again in case you need with the wireless controller.

Client’s Questions 2: As the vent line is from the top of gas buster and then connected to the igniter which will be about 6 to 8 ft high. This forms a “U” section for the vent line and liquids remaining cannot be cleared out, which gives resistance for any gas vented out and blow back into gas buster. Any solution for this. Any bypass is recommended to drain out these fluids?
Reply from GN Solids Control: What kind of gas buster you used? Mostly, the igniter is connected to mud gas separator. The vent line on top of the mud gas separator. Liquid is impossible to go inside.

Client’s Questions 3: As the igniter is kept in open position, we may also end up with sand and also rain water ( in deserts) inside the igniter. Can we intermittently flush the system with water. Is it safe for the system electrics. In case we flush, then we will definitely have a reservoir of water in the vent line and adding up sand will only plug the system.
Reply from GN Solids Control: You do not need to flush the igniter. It will not be blocked. There is a screen on top of the Igniter burner pipe to prevent big sizes blocks or stuffs fall inside.
There is a drain port with ball valve (JB/T 308 PN16DN20QB) at the bottom point of the Igniter elbow connection pipe. You should open the ball valve to drain the pipe timely to release sands/rain.

Client’s Questions 4: What would you recommend to avoid getting into critical situations at the Rig.
Reply from GN Solids Control: If you will not use the Igniter for a longer time. It is better to close all valves, and cover the Igniter burner with rainproof cloth or plastic bag, to prevent it from rain/sands.

GN Solids Control was firstly known as a manufacturer of drilling fluids recycling equipment that are used to remove the solids in the drilling fluids, thus the drilling fluids could be reused. In China, there are several this kinds of manufacturers who can fabricate the traditional solids control equipment like shale shaker, mud cleaner, agitator and mud tanks.
Keeping improving is one of GN’s features. In the past few years, GN has invested a lot on upgrading the traditional solids control equipment to make it easier for operation. Moreover, GN has developed many new products that keep GN a leader in the solids control industry. In the year of 2016, GN released the system for hydrocarbon recovery. It is an effective solution to treat the waste oily sludge.

Oil-sludge-Recovery-System

Oil Sludge Recovery

GN’s hydrocarbon recovery system is a three phase separation system. It includes primary coarse solids separation shaker package, fine solids separation centrifuge package and oil & water separation package.
The working principle of GN hydrocarbon recovery system is to remove the solid particles step by step from the oil sludge. The high G force drying shaker unit is equipment with hot water spraying system for better washing performance, this process will remove most of the oil content on the solids.
Decanter centrifuge is equipped with chemical dosing system for fine solids separation after demulsification process. GN’s dosing system could be used in all kinds of dewatering system for ultra fine solids separation.
The liquid discharged from the decanter centrifuge flows into the oil water separator package. Here an inclined plate clarifier is installed for further removing the remaining silt in the liquid for clarifying the oil and water mixer. Then the liquid mixer flows into the micro bubble separation for oil and water separating.
GN’s hydrocarbon recovery system makes GN a real separation solution provider other than a solids control equipment manufacturer. GN would like to communicate with all the clients on this hydrocarbon recovery system.

Vertical rotating drilling rig is the normal machine used in piling project. During the drilling process, in order to protect the inner wall of the drilling hole and speed up the process, the operator always chooses to use drilling mud. Then here comes another problem how to reduce cost of the drilling mud thereby to reduce the cost of drilling. The solution is to use mud recycling system to make the drilling mud reusable.
The purpose of the mud recycling system is to remove the large size solid particles in the drilling mud by several separation machines. In regards to the mud recycling system for piling project, it could be a very compact design as separation process is not so complex as that for oil gas drilling. GN solids control is one of the most experienced separation solution providers who could provide the mud recycling system for almost all the industries will use it. GN already developed the standard mud recycling system especially for the piling project.

gn-de-sanding-unit-piling

De-sanding Unit

Strictly speaking, the mud recycling system used in piling should be called de-sanding unit as the drilling depth is normally shallow and most of the solid particles are sand. A de-sanding unit would be enough for processing the separation to get the expected reusable drilling mud.
GN’s de-sanding unit is a compact structure 2 steps separation system. The main equipment in this de-sanding
unit is combined with a 2 layers shaker and cyclone manifold. The double layers shaker is used for coarse solids separation by the under layers and the upper layer screen is for drying the slurry discharged from the cyclone unit. The tank under the shaker unit is used to store the drilling mud. One centrifugal pump is installed in the system for transferring the mud to the cyclone unit for sand separation.
This de-sanding unit could be connected with extra mud tank for larger capacity mud storage. The operators can also equip a jet mixing unit to make an self-contained mud recycling system for other drilling project like HDD and water drilling.