Drilling mud system

Chinese Lunar New Year holiday is coming in Feb. There weeks, all workshops of GN Solids Control are works with more shifts in order to finish all orders before the big holiday. A full package drilling mud solids control system will be ready soon and dispatch to sea port next week to catch the vessel.

The full package solid control system is designed and made for a European client. The client cooperated with GN Solids Control for many years. It is not the 1rst mud system the clients bought from GN. They have many similar size drilling mud system from GN Solids Control.

Below is the major equipment list of the full package drilling mud solids control system:

1) Shale Shaker. It is the 1rst stage solids control equipment for drilling mud system, and it is the major separation equipment in a drilling mud treatment system. There are 2 sets linear motion shale shaker in the mud system. Some clients will order an extra shale shaker as backup. The shale shaker model is GNZS594F. It is a 4-panel shale shaker. And it is the most hot sale shaker model from GN Solids Control.

2) Mud cleaner. It is normally 1 mud cleaner in a full package mud cleaning system. And in some jobsite, clients will use more shale shaker to replace mud cleaner. It is also called as 3-in-1 cleaner. It is the combination of a shale shaker, desander separator and desilter separator.

3) Lower/middle speed Decanter centrifuge. The model is GNLW452D. It is a 18inch bowl size middle speed centrifuge which is used for barite recovering.

4) High speed decanter centrifuge. After low speed centrifuge, there is a high speed centrifuge GNLW363C in the system for fine solids separation. As after some circulations, there will be more and more ultra fine solids inside the drilling mud, the drilling mud is weighted. High speed centrifuge will be used in this condition to reduce the mud weight.

5) Centrifugal pump. There are 6 centrifugal pumps inside the system for different functions: a desander feed pump, a desilter feed pump, 2 mixing pumps, and supercharging pump for drilling rig mud pump.

A customized drilling mud processing system is is ready for shipment at GN Solids Control Beijing factory. It mud cleaning system is composted of a mud cleaner, a mixing hopper, and a centrifugal pump for mud mixing and transfer.
The drilling mud cleaning and mixing system is designed and made by client’s request to suit his drilling mud situation. Normally, mud cleaner is equipped after a pre-seperation shale shaker. But in this mud cleaning system, the first separation equipment is mud cleaner.

Drilling Mud Cleaner

Drilling Mud Cleaner

The reason why the client do not use shale shaker is that, they said the solids content in the mud is not much high. And mostly are fine solids. In this case, the drilling mud can be separated by mud cleaner directly. It is to save cost. As once the shale shaker is running, clients need to replace shaker screen periodically. It is a continue cost for operation. While delete the shale shaker, the system can meet client’s request. It can save the cost of shale shaker, and furthermore, the can reduce wearing spare parts shaker screen cost.

But if the solids content is high, or the particle side is big, which is over the hydracyclone separation point and its mud handing capacity, it is better to use a shale shaker before the mud cleaner. At one hand, the shale shaker can reduce the flow rate which feed to the mud cleaner. At another hand, after the shale shaker separation, the solids content will be reduced, and the big size particle are total removed based on the shaker screen API size and cut point. It can increase the hydraucyclone separation efficient, and also to avoid the fast wear out the hydraucyclones. 10 inch desander cone and 4 inch desilter cone are the most popular cyclone sizes used for drilling fluids separation system. Operator can choose the to use only desander cone or desilter cone, or both based on the mud condition and their budgetary. Desander and / or desilter cone quality depends on the handling capacity of the whole system.

Drilling Mud Centrifuge

Drilling Mud Centrifuge

Feeding pump for mud cleaner is centrifugal pump. The centrifugal feed pump is located on tank slope for compact design and for maximize the total tank usable volume.

After the mud recycling and mixing system, a drilling mud decanter centrifuge is used for fine solids separation. As there will be more and more fine and ultra fine solids after some circulation of the system. Decanter centrifuge will be used to reduce the mud weight.

The TBM construction and Pipe Jacking construction drilling will generate a lot of waste water slurry which contains big percentage of sand and stones. In order to accordance with environment protection regulations and save water, project operators have to separate the TBM drilling mud, to reduce the waste and reuse the water.

GN Solids Control can design and make full package of waste water slurry separation plants. The major separation equipment in GN slurry separation plant includes: shale shaker, desander, desilter, bottom drying shaker, etc… And there are accessory items for a one-stop turn-key solution: centrifugal pump for feeding desander / desilter mud cleaner, mud tank, electrical control system, etc.

The TBM construction and Pipe Jacking construction drilling are often took in urban areas, . In this case, the TBM drilling slurry separation usually requires compact design to suit for small working area. And the TBM drilling slurry separation need to reach high treatment efficiency to treat big volume slurry. GN Solids Control TBM Slurry Separation Plant is specially designed to meet the above demands. GN Solids Control TBM and Pipe Jacking drilling slurry separation system is with a very compact foundation by optimal designing. The TBM and pipe Jacking slurry treating system can work at different height levels.

In order to meet the different requirements of different clients and different projects, clients can choose more than a set GN Solids Control TBM Slurry Separation Plant and connect them by pipelines to use them as a big flow rate handling capacity. Plus, the combination of standard modular is for fast and easy assembly. Clients can choose different modules and select the quality they need to reach the flow rate they want to reach. GN Solids Control TMB and Pipe Jacking Slurry Separation Plant to move conveniently among different work sites.

GN Solids Control TBM and Pile Jacking Slurry Separation Plant advantages:
1) Full function compact package design for One -stop Turnkey Solutions
2) Modular, pre-assembled and small footprint units for easy and fast transportation from one location to another
3) 5-Phase Separation System for finer solids separation and to get more clear water

A set of GNMS-1000D mud recycling system and a 18 inch decanter centrifuge is ready for shipment. They will be shipped for a trenchless drilling project. GNMS-1000D is a Mud Treating & Recycling System. The mud cleaning system is designed and manufactured according to the needs and requirements of customers. GNMS-1000D mud recycling system is specially designed to treat the drilling mud in mining industry, piling machine, HDD (horizontal directional drilling) and other trenchless drilling activities. The treatment capacity of GNMS-1000D mud recyling system and cleaning system is up to 240m³/h.

1000GPM Mud Recycling Unit

A double deck shale shaker is used in the GNMS-1000D mud cleaning system. There are 2 sets of 10 inch desander cone assembly on top of the double deck shale shaker to use as a mud cleaner. The advantages of a single deck mud cleaner is that, it has the function of both shale shaker and cleaner and the footprint if small while with the compact design. The dirty mud will be fed to bottom shaker deck, which is mounted coarse shaker screen. The centrifugal pump is located on the tank slope to feed for the desander cleaner. Besides GNMS-1000D mud recycling system, GN Solids Control makes other capacity drilling mud cleaning system for trenchless drilling rigs: D Series Mud Recycling Models: 1) GNMS-200D mud cleaning system with handling Capacity: 200GPM, 50m3/h 2) GNMS-500D mud cleaning system with handling Capacity: 500GPM, 120m3/h 3) GNMS-1000D mud cleaning system with handling Capacity: 1000GPM, 240m3/h 4) Other models can be customized according to clients special request. GNLW452 is an economic standard decanter centrifuge. It is a 18 inch big bowl centrifuge. But the bowl diameter and bowl length ration is only 2. And the max. Bowl speed of the GNLW452 centrifuge is 2200RPM. It is a single motor decanter centrifuge with fixed speed control. VFD control is available if requested by clients. The centrifuge is widely used for trenchless drilling mud treatment, and oil & gas drilling mud barite recovery.

500GPM and 1000GPM are the most popular size drilling rig mud recycling system for Horizontal directional drilling, water well drilling, Coal bed methane drilling, and other trenchless drilling rigs.
500GPM mud recycling system is mostly a compact 1-tank system complete with separation equipment and mixing unit for compact design and easy movement.

Regarding 1000GPM mud system system, clients can choose 1-tank system or 2-tank system. 3-shaker mud recycling system and 4-shaker mud recycling system are the most popular proposal. 3-shake mud recycling system means 2 shale shakers plus a mud cleaner (3-1 mud cleaner, desander mud cleaner, or desilter mud cleaner).

Equipment list for 1000GPM mud system is normally as below:

1) At least 2 sets shale shaker. 4-panel or 3-panel shale shaker model are both fine. Single shale shaker model is min. 500GPM capacity. So for 2 shale shakers the handling capacity can reach to 1000GPM minimize.

2) 1 set of mud cleaner c/w shale shaker, desander and desilter, mud capacity is at least 1000GPM. It is the full functional and with compact design. As a 3-1 mud cleaner can save footprint. If clients want to reach a better separation performance, they can also choose a separate desander mud cleaner, or a desilter mud cleaner. Regarding the desander mud cleaner and desilter mud cleaner, clients can choose to equip with the same under flow shale shaker as the first stage shale shaker, or a mini size shale shaker with 2 screen panels. Clients can also choose a small desander or desander without shale shaker.

3) Feeding centrifugal pump for mud cleaner is 45kw or 55kw. The feeding pump can be located on tank skid or tank slope.

4) Mixing unit is C/W 6 inch mixing hopper. Mixing pump can be 45kw or 55kw. It is better to be the same model with mud cleaner feeding pump.

For 3-shaker system, all separation equipment and the mixing unit can be located on the same mud tank for company design. But if it is 4-shaker mud system, the first tank is recycling tank with separation equipment, the next tank is mixing tank.

GN Solids Control is one of the well-known International Brand for drilling Mud Solids Control System & Drilling Waste Management system. GN Solids Control offers the one stop solution for Solids Control treatment of oil gas drilling, CBM drilling, HDD, and water well drilling as well as the construction drilling mud treatment etc.

Nearly all drilling mud processing equipment containers shaker screen separation. Replacement shaker screen is a major wearing spare parts for drilling mud system. And it is a big and continue cost. GN Solids Control is specialized in high quality replacement shaker screen for various popular shaker models. GN Solids Control has his own R&D department for shale shaker screens. Clients can also contact GN Solids Control to make customized shaker screen.

Most solids control equipment manufacturer only make some kinds of processing equipment. Like some companies make shale shaker, mud cleaner and agitators, but they are not capacity to make decanter centrifuge or cuttings dryers. Some companies are only capacity to make centrifuges for various industries, they cannot make solids control separation equipment, like shale shaker, mud cleaner, degasser, etc…While some companies are only make pumps, they cannot make separation equipment. And there are some companies only make mud tanks, they are not capacity to make solids control separation equipment by themselves.

GN Solids Control is focusing on full line solids control equipment for various drilling mud. GN Solids Control is specialized in drilling mud liquid and solids separation. All the separation equipment are made by GN Solids Control. In this case, GN Solids Control knows more about the separation equipment, and can offer more reasonable proposal.

Furthermore, electrical control system is another essential point for separation equipment, especially VFD smart control panels for decanter centrifuges. GN Solids Control has his own electrical control department. GN Solids Control electrical engineering business department has comprehensive ability to provide solution for explosion-proof electrical control. GN is able to provide the electric control system, explosion-proof electrical enclosure design and development, fabrication, site installation, program debugging, and other services.

GN Explosion Proof Certification: GN Solids Control electrical control products have been certified by China National standard CNEx, International standard IECEx and European standard ATEX certificate, which enable GN’s products to meet high level market requirements.

GN Solids Control makes full line drilling mud solids control equipment and drilling waste management equipment. GN Solids Control is also capacity to make high quality replacement shaker screens. Besides makes replacement shaker screens for GN Solids Control own brand shale shaker and mud cleaner. GN Solids Control is also a famous screen manufacturer for various models and brands shale shaker.

GN Solids Control makes high quality composite frame pretension screen. The screen internal is supported with metal frame for reinforce. The screen external are covered by special material plastic which contains fiber glass for durable at high temperature. The external plastic is made from hot press by hot press machine. Compared with traditional metal frame, it is more environment friendly during manufacturing. And the quality is much more stable and under control. As the traditional metal frame frame cover plastic by dipping, which causes more pollution. And more man power involved during manufacturing. The quality is not stable at automatic machine production line.

Some clients may think composite frame shaker screen is an excellent screen on quality and performance, but they are not environmental friendly and a high carbon foot print for decades to come. They prefer the company to make the decision to revert back to metal frame screens to as a commitment to the environment and to reduce carbon foot print . They think Metal frame screen platform can be recycled for other manufacturing applications.

It is good question. When people talk about plastic, it may mean pollution. But this plastic which GN Solids Control use to make screens is PP (polypropylene). It is (C3H6)n only have C and H to produce CO2 and H2O if burning. This PP (polypropylene) plastic is relatively less environmental impact. And In many countries like in China, there are some companies who can do the recycling of the composite frames made by PP (polypropylene) and metal.

GN Solids Control made a small liquid and solids separation system. The small system is customized for an Europe company per clients request. The client asked for a small recycling unit with cleaning capacity of about 12-15 m³ / hour. The client wants a small single centrifuge in the small recycling system.

GN Solids Control customized a compact system which is composed of a small size shale shaker and a mini size decanter centrifuge. The shale shaker and decanter centrifuge are located on a mud tank together with a centrifuge feeding pump and electric control cabinet for the whole system. Tank size for the whole system is 3900Lx2250Wx1300H (mm) for easy movement. It is a small capacity recycling system with turn-key solution. All connections inside the system are included.

The Shale shaker separator model is GNZS752F-MDZF. It is a 2-panel small size shale shaker with small footprint.

The Decanter centrifuge model is GNLW223D-VFD. It is a 9” baby centrifuge for fine solids separation. The Cut point of GNLW223D-VFD centrifuge is 2 ~ 5 microns.

The color, brand and logo are all customized per client’s request. GN Solids Control is capable to make other customized system per clients job site situation. Clients can contact GN Solids Control sales engineer to get customized solutions.

Besides the small mud recycling system, GN Solids Control makes various sizes of Mud Recycling System for HDD, water well drilling, Trenchless, Piling and TBM activities.

The major applications of GN mud recycling system covers below field, but not only limited to below:
1) Trenchless HDD Project
2) Bored Pile Project
3) Micro TBM (Tunnel Boring Machine)
4) Diamond Drilling, Water Well Drilling etc

Below are some Mud Recycling desanding plant Models GN can make:
D Series Mud Recycling Models:
1)GNMS-200D Capacity: 200GPM, 50m3/h
2)GNMS-500D Capacity: 500GPM, 120m3/h
3)GNMS-1000D Capacity: 1000GPM, 240m3/h
4)Other models should be customized per clients’ request

Shale shaker model GNZS594F is designed and made by GN Solids Control to treat drilling mud for oil and gas drilling, HDD, TBM, CBM and other drilling activities. It is a linear motion shale shaker.

GN Solids Control keeps optimizing the product design and material base on jobsite performance. GNZS594F is the 6th generation shale shaker from GN Solids Control. It is the latest shale shaker model from GN Solids Control. It avoids most problems happened before and add some additional features per clients’ demands to make the shale shaker more durable and more user friendly.

GNZS594F shale shaker uses the same shaker screen with Mongoose shaker. GN Solids Control also makes mud cleaner with the same under flow shale shaker GNZS594F. The hydra cyclone unit on top of the shaker deck is easy to be removed. Once remove the desander and destiler cone unit, the mud cleaner can be used as a separated shale shaker.

Compared with other brand shale shakers, GN Solids Control shale shaker owns significant advantages:
1) GN GNZS594F shale shaker is utilizing composite frame pretension shaker screen, its life time is longer than traditional metal frame shaker screen and hoop type shaker screen. And composite frame screen usable area and screen conductance is better than traditional metal frame screens.
2) GN GNZS594F shale shaker and mud cleaner is fixing shaker screens by wedges. Compared with fixing screens by bolts, wedges is a very much and easy way for screen changing.
3) The GN shaker bed below the shaker screen is made from stainless steel to have anti-corrosion features for longer life. And the whole shaker deck is after heat treatment for more durable.
4) GN Solids Control shaker deck is sealed by oil-resistant sealing rubbers. It is GN patent design. And the shaker deck sealing rubber is interchangeable. The patent shaker screen seal technology can avoid fine solids bypass, and it makes the shale shaker deck easy for maintenance.
5) Mechanical Deck angle adjustable while working system to work reliably for different drilling fluids

GN Solids Control is a mainly focusing on liquids and solids separation. GN Solids Control is capable to make waste water treatment system. GN Solids Control can make waste water treatment system to treat both oil slurry and non-oil slurry. The separation system for oil surry and non-oil slurry is not the same.

GNWTU-50A is a waste water treatment Unit specially design and made by GN Solids Control. The waste water treatment Unit is a special designed system for construction mud settlement, as well as for industrial waste water settlement. The maximum discharge rate of the GNWTU-50A waste water treatment Unit up to 50m3/h. It is a system designed to treat non-oil slurry.

GNWTU-50A waste water treatment Unit can be used for medium size sites such as civil engineering projects, or building project, like piling, and micro tunneling etc…

After the chemical dosing separation application, the suspended solids content can be below 50 mg/liter. In this case the treated water can be either discharged into the public drainage system or recycled for further use. The treated water can be reused of as drilling fluid, vehicular washing bays, recharge of wells, toilets, cube curing, ponding tests. This saves a lot of cost for water and protects the environment.

GNWTU-50B Wastewater Treatment Unit is a special designed system for oil water and solids separation system. Maximum discharge rate of GNWTU-50B Wastewater Treatment Unit can up to 50m3/h. GNWTU-50B Wastewater Treatment Unit is designed for industry waste water with suspended solids and free oil.

The chemically enhanced separation reduces the suspended solids content below 50 mg/liter and free oil to be below 10 mg/liter.

In this case the treated water can be either discharged into the public drainage system or recycled for further use. The treated water can be reused as drilling fluid, vehicular washing bays, recharge of wells, toilets, cube curing, ponding tests or industrial applications.

This saves a lot of cost for water and protect the environment.