This is the last working week before Chinese Lunar New Year holiday, after that offices and workshops will be closed for a 2-week holiday. All GN workers are working day and night in order to ship as more as orders before the 2-week holiday.

Some dewatering centrifuge units are dispatched to sea port, they will be exported to a Southeast Asia client. The dewatering centrifuge units will be used for TBM mud treatment. TBM is short for Tunnel Boring Machine, it has a wide application in railway, hydropower, transportation, mining, municipal and other tunnel projects.

Drilling mud is used to lubricate drilling bits during Tunnel and Boring drilling activities. For environment protection, the drilling mud and waste water must be recycled and reused during and after the drilling activities. Besides normal mud desanding plant, dewatering centrifuge unit is also requested in some application to treat the waste water.

GN dewatering centrifuge unit consists of big bowl big ratio decanter centrifuge, and chemical dosing unit. The decanter centrifuge and chemical dosing system is combined as a full package unit to remove as more ultrafine solids as it can do. The decanter centrifuge and chemical dosing system are both allocated inside a fabricated container. The full package can be shipped as a shipper owner container during international shipment. And the containerized design can protect the centrifuge and chemical dosing system, which values much. And they are easy for shipment between different jobsites.

Decanter centrifuge itself is a Physical separation machine. It can only separate solids by particle sizes. It cannot remove ultrafine solids smaller than the cut point. By chemical dosing, the ultrafine solids can be flocculated, and reach the centrifuge cut point for solids removal.

Besides dewater centrifuge unit, GN Solids Control makes full line desanding separation equipment for TBM and other trenchless no dig activities, like shale shaker, desander, desilter, etc…

Drilling cuttings solidification or stabilization unit is for the final treatment of drilling cuttings or waste sludge after the drying treatment. It is especially used to treat the drill cuttings treated by GN vertical cuttings dryer, and GN high G drying shale shaker, or decanter centrifuges.

A full package of GN Drilling Cuttings Solidification Unit is finished for production and inspected by international famous third party inspection company. The full package of GN Drilling Cuttings Solidification Unit is made for an Africa client. It will be dispatched to the sea port for exporting to the Africa client to complete his waste management processing system.

Drilling Cuttings Solidification Unit can use lime as curing agent, flyash and Cement kiln dust as filler to do the solidification. This apply to solidifying the inorganic pollutant, like Petroleum refining sludge, Heavy metal sludge, oxidizing material, waste acid etc. The curing agent and filler is easy to get; operation is easier and cheaper than cement solidification.
Drilling Cuttings Solidification Unit is composed of waste cuttings transfer system, mixing system, solidifying system, electrical control system, lighting etc. It can be used for transferring, mixing, agitating and solidifying of the waste cuttings.

GN Solidification unit is composed of Auger skip feeder unit, Single axis continuous Rotary mixer, variable speed control screw conveyor, electrical control system and ladder, walkway, handrails etc. GN Solidification unit is with compact design, reasonable layout; it is convenient for assembly & disassembly.

Besides Drilling Cuttings Solidification Unit, GN Solids Control design and makes all the full line solids control and drilling waste management equipment before the Drilling Cuttings Solidification Unit, like the solids control shale shaker, mud cleaner, desander, desilter, vacuum degasser, various decanter centrifuge, vertical cuttings dryer, high G drying shaker, various sizes and lengths screw conveyor, solids and sludge vacuum transfer pump, chemical dosing dewatering unit, oil sludge treatment system, thermal desorption unit, etc…

This week, a package of oil sludge treatment system was departed to an oil field service company in China. The unit will be used to recovery oil sludge from oil base drilling cuttings. The oil sludge treatment system including below items:
1) 2 phase decanter centrifuge. Material fed to 2 phase decanter centrifuge must be with solids content Less 20% and Particle Size less than 20mm.
2) 3 phase disc centrifuge. The solid phase material entering the three phase disc separator usually shall be reduced the solid content to less than 3% and the solid particles to less than 400 micrometers by the decanter centrifuge, then the three-phase disc separator can achieve the best effect.


3) Transfer pumps
4) Dewatering chemical dosing system with dosing pumps and automatic control system
5) Transfer tank and holding tanks for mud recovery and mud transfer.

The project is for processing oil and solid wastes in sludge storage tanks. After the oily sludge wastes have been pre-treated. After the oil sludge wastes have been treated by sieving, sand washing, demulsify, and finely screened, they have now achieved reductions and preliminary separation. After that, the oily sludge will be treated for three-phase separation.

Two phase decanter centrifuge and three phase disc centrifuge is used in the three phase separation process. After three phase centrifuge separation, the final outputs are soil, oil and water.

Chemical dosing system is used before 2 phase and 3 phase centrifuge separation to help for the removal of as more fine solids as possible.

Besides 2 phase decanter centrifuge, 3 phase disc centrifuge and chemical dosing sytem, GN Solids Control also offers other oil sludge treatment and transfer equipment, like 3 phase decanter centrifuge, high G drying shale shaker, mud cleaner, Vertical cuttings dryer, Drilling Cuttings Solidification Unit, Thermal Desorption Unit (TDU), oil water separator, sludge vacuum pump, screw conveyor, etc…

GN Solids Control 18 inch (450mm) diameter bowl decanter centrifuge is a big bowl centrifuge series. GN Solids Control 18 inch big bowl decanter centrifuge has 2 design options for different matrial separation request. The length over diameter ratio of GN 18 inch decanter centrifuge can be 3.4 : 1 or 4 : 1 for removal of low gravity solids from the liquid. And the big bowl centrifuge can reach a bigger capacity to reduce operating costs.

GN Solids Control 18 inch (450mm) diameter centrifuge is fitted with a 75hp main drive and a 30hp back-drive at one end for compact design. Depends on client’s selection The unit is optional to be fitted with main bearing temperature and vibration sensors. The optional sensors and functions give the GN 18 Inch Centrifuge improved standard on safety and performance monitoring features.

GNLW454EY is big bowl decanter centrifuge specially designed for waste water treatment. GNLW453 is also a big bowl decanter centrifuge. But unlike GNLW453 big bowl series decanter centrifuge, GNLW454EY is with a longer length and diameter ration to cater for waste water treatment requirements. And there are some other difference on the impeller and bowl design.

This week, 5 sets GNLW454EY big and long bowl Decanter Centrifuge was dispatched Tianjin sea port for departure to destination. T5 sets GNLW454EY big and long bowl Decanter Centrifuge will be used at a power plant to treat the waste water. The clients visited many centrifuge factories in China, and finally, they decided to buy from GN Solids Control. After months waiting, the 5 sets waste water treatment centrifuge is sailing for the client. Once the centrifuge arriving jobsite, GN Solids Control will send engineer to help for the first time commissioning and to train the operators.

Besides different models 18 inch big bowl centrifuge, GN Solids Control also makes small centrifuge from 9 inch, normal size 14inch, and bigger size 22inch and up to 30 inch bowl decanter centrifuge.

GN Solids Control makes Mud Recycling System and desanding plants for construction Trenchless Engineering Companies, like for HDD (horizontal directional drilling), TBM (Tunnel Boring Machine), Microtunnelling, piling, etc…

GN Solids Control has more than 10 years of experience in the design and manufacture of mud recovery systems, especially in trenchless projects with multi-function and compact design to cater for different demands and applications from clients. According to the different requirements from users, and jobsite situations, GN Solid Control can provides different configurations of mud recovery system and desanding plant to meet the requirements of different working conditions. There are usually two types of mud purification systems suitable for trenchless construction: one is sand removal unit with cyclone purification system, we usually call it desanding plant. And the other type of design is self-contained mud recovery system.

The desanding plant with hydro cyclone purification system occupies a small footprint, and is economical and affordable. The system is composed of a hydrocyclone and a double deck shale shaker, both of which are installed on a small mud tank. The sand removal cyclone purification system is a two-stage separation device, and its function is to remove coarse particles from drilling mud. The desanding plant is mainly used in projects that can accept larger particle size solid drilling mud, such as Microtunnelling, piling, and so on.

The high standard self-contained mud recovery system developed by GN Solid Control is composed of four stage separations: shale shaker for coarse cuttings separation, 10 inch desander cone separation, 4 inch desilter cone separation, and decanter centrifuge for ultra-fine solid separation. The mud tank of the self-contained mud recovery system has a bigger storage volume to store the purified drilling mud. At the same time, it also has more tank surface space to arrange more separation equipment. Customer can also choose a centrifuge to reduce the ultra-fine solid in the drilling mud and to avoid the enrichment of the ultra-fine solid phase in the drilling mud.

GN Solid Control not only has a standard sizes of mud recycling system and desanding plant, but also provides custom-designed mud recovery system to meet for different demands.

Recently, GN Solid Control has completed the design and manufacture of a set of oil sludge treatment system for an oil field environmental protection company in China. Since the oil sludge treatment system was launched on the market, it has been widely concerned by customers no matter in China or outside of China, and the feedback from the on-site operation of the market is good. More and more oil field environmental protection contractors inquire and order the system as an important solution to reduce the content of harmful substances in oil sludge efficiently and economically.

The oil sludge treatment system has two separation principles: chemical dosing and physical separation after heating. GN oil sludge separation system is composed of several modules with different functions to gradually recover water and oil from the sludge. The following is a brief introduction of the system:

1) Sludge vacuum transfer pump module – the sludge from oil-based mud drilling cuttings has high viscosity and high sludge content, which requires a powerful and efficient conveying device to suck the sludge out of the mud pit and feed to the oil sludge treatment system. GN sludge vacuum pump is a fully pneumatic pump with no electrical components and does not produce any sparks in use. it is especially suitable for oil and gas explosion-proof environment. With 85Kpa vacuum, the viscous sludge can be sucked and discharged to other place far away.

2) Pre-mixing module – before the sludge is fed into the separation module, the material needs to be homogeneously mixed to more than 80% of the liquid content. At the same time, in order to enhance the separation effect of oil and mud, it is necessary to add chemicals in the process of homogeneous mixing.

3) Separation module – GN Solid Control uses different separation equipment to separate oil and water from the sludge step by step. High G force shale shaker, 2-phase decanter centrifuge and 3-phase disc centrifuge are used in the Separation module.

Solids and sludge vacuum pump is a popular feeding pump for GN oily sludge treatment system.

GN Solids Control makes different sizes vacuum pump for drill cuttings, solids and sludge transfer. GN vacuum pumps are 100% driven by air, without electrical parts. The pumps can be used for hazardous areas for zone 1 and zone 2 applications. And there are no rotating parts on the pump. It makes the vacuum sludge and solids transfer pump is easy for operation and maintenance.

So many clients are wondering will the air compressor included in GN Solids Control supply scope? How they can get the air source? The vacuum sludge and solids transfer pump can be fed air from other air suppliers, like from the rigs, or supplied with a separate air compressor.
From GN Solids Control proposal, the air compressor is excluded. If clients want the specification of the air compressor, they can contact GN sales team to ask for recommendations.

But as GN Solids Control is not the manufacturer for air compressor. GN Solids Control will suggest the clients to contact air compressor suppliers directly and buy the air compressor by themselves.

Besides the air compressor, clients will also need a heating system for the oily sludge treatment system to heat up the sludge to 70 C degrees? The heating system can be Electrical or by a heat exchanger. Clients can use the hot water boiler to heat up by steam, or they can use hot oil boilers. GN Solids Control already equip the heating lines inside the tank of the oil sludge treatment system, clients can feed it with hot steam or hot oil. The volume of the hot heat depends on the ambient temperature. Clients will need to offer the minimum Ambient temperature for their operation to calculate the size of the boiler for them. Water treatment unit is excluded in GN supply scope of the standard oily sludge treatment system.

Recently, a client ask GN questions about the operation of the big size GN Sludge and solids vacuum transfer pump GNSP40B. The client want to know what is the flow rate of the air supply to GN Sludge and solids vacuum pump? No indication of airflow, clients are just looking at the outlet pressure on the main compressor display to increase the air supply flow rate above 20M3/min will make the pump more powerful.

Below is the communications between GN Solids Control and the client.
The client has been testing the vacuum pump to remove soft sand , and noticed the following situation:
1) Suction pressure is reduced when the status turns into loading (On Auto mode )
2) Continues airflow from the discharge while it is sucking.
3) When the section line is extended to 40 m, the efficiency dramatically reduced.
The client want GN Solids Control could clarify the above.

GN Solids Control replied that,
1) It is right that the air flow goes out from the discharge hose while suction. So this moving air will produce high vacuum by the jet pack. That’s the working principle.
2) The minimum requirement for air supply to feed to the 40 pump is 17M3/hour with pressure 0.8 – 0.9 mpa. What is your air supply now? Clients replied that the pressure while sucking is 0.5 mpa and while unloading increase to 0.8 mpa…. Please advise how to increase the supply pressure while sucking?

GN Solids Control asked the client: Do you have an air storage tank between the air compressor and the pump? And what’s the volume of the Air tank? Clients replied that, there is no air storage tank available, the air is going direct to the pump
GN Solids Control expressed that; it will improve the pump performance a lot
to have air flow rate above 20m3/min Minimum needs to be 17m3/min
Also you need to have an air tank to work as buffer tank to connect to the pump.
By doing above you can make the pump working more properly.
3) 40 meters for water is fine but for solids suction is too long. It’s better to keep less than 12 meters. But as the discharge pressure is high. GN Solids Control suggests the client to reduce the suction hose to less than 12m, but they can have much longer hose for discharge.
4) The longer of suction hose, the longer of the suction time should be set. While leaving factory. GN Solids Control sets 10 Seconds for suction and 10 seconds for discharge. Clients can adjust the suction and discharging time according to job site situation.

During the last week of golden September, the government is business for the preparation of the mega even: Military Parade and celebration for 70’s Birthday of China. And GN Solids Control is busy on equipment delivery every day. Most products are for international clients to let world know more about MADE IN CHINA.

One of the shipments is high speed decanter centrifuges and centrifugal pumps for Russia client for oil field application.
The 2 sets of high speed decanter centrifuge are GN 14 inch (360mm) diameter bowl decanter centrifuge which has a length over diameter ratio of 3.5:1. The decanter centrifuge is with high speed up to 4000 RPM. The bowl of the decanter centrifuge is made from centrifugally casted duplex stainless steel. The impeller of the centrifuge bowl is protected by tungsten carbide hardened tiles to maximize the GNLW363 centrifuges operational service life between overhauls. Furthermore, the centrifuge is equipped with replaceable tungsten carbide inserts at the feed distribution and solids discharge zones for long lifetime and easy maintenance. The unit also has Tungsten Carbide plows to continuously clear the solids discharge area. All bearings fitted to the GNLW363 centrifuge are SKF premium brand bearings for longer life time and reliable operation.

There are many centrifugal pumps in the shipment. Compared with other Chinese pump suppliers, GN Solids Control centrifugal pump is with below advantages:
1) GN centrifugal pumps are fully interchangeable with a popular old brand. All the sizes and spare parts are all interchangeable. It helps clients to replace the pump easy. And it also helps clients to source and stock spare parts easily.
2) GN centrifugal pump casing and pump impeller are made from hard ductile alloy. The higher standard material increase abrasion resistant capability of GN pump compared to competitors pump.
3) All bearings of GN centrifugal pumps are from top brand for reliable performance.
4) The skid for holding the pump and motor is made from casting instead of welding to provide reliable operation and less vibration in a result to extend the pump and motor life.

Besides centrifugal pump, GN Solids Control makes other kinds of pumps for various applications. Below are some of GN made pumps:
1) Solids and sludge transfer vacuum pump
2) Submersible slurry pump
3) Mud shearing and mixing pump

This week, a batch of solids control equipment was dispatched from GN Solids Control. The equipment will be used in Chinese rig site for a drilling rig mud circulation system.

It is a set of full package solids control mud processing equipment including below equipment:
1) 2 sets of linear motion shale shaker: GNZS703F. It is a 3-panel shale shaker for drilling mud pre-separation.
2) 1 set of desander mud cleaner, model GNZS752F-2S. The desander mud cleaner is equipped with a big under flow shale shaker the same model with first stage solids control shale shaker. It is easy for clients to stock spare parts and replacement screens for both shale shaker and mud cleaner.
3) 1 set of Desilter mud cleaner, model GNZS752F-12N. The desilter mud cleaner is equipped with the same under flow shale shaker with first stage solids control shale shaker and desander mud cleaner.
4) 2 sets of Decanter centrifuge, model GNLW452. It is a economic standard middle speed decanter centrifuge for barite recovery.
5) 2 sets of mud tanks.
6) 1 package of jet mud mixing system.

Besides the mentioned equipment, GN Solids Control is also capable to make drilling mud agitator, mud gun, centrifugal pump which are fully interchangeable with international popular brand, other VFD centrifuges, FHD decanter centrifuge, Vertical cuttings dryer, high G dryer, screw conveyor, and various model replacement shaker screens for different brand shaker models.

GN VFD decanter centrifuge is with advantages for self-protection and smart control.
The LPC program of GN hydraulic centrifuge is with below self-protection functions:
The start/stop of the hydraulic centrifuge and the start /stop of the centrifuge feed pump are logical connected for protection.
1. After start the centrifuge, only after the centrifuge bowl achieve the preset speed and running for some seconds, the feeding pump can be started for feeding mud.
2. When the decanter centrifuge is stopped, feeding pump cannot be started.
3. During the centrifuge running, the centrifuge will not be cut off if directly press the centrifuge stop button. Only by pressing the stop button of the feeding pump and stop the feeding pump, and then the centrifuge can be powered off.