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If the oil sludge discharged from oil sludge treatment is directly discharged without treatment, it will not only occupy a large amount of land, but also contain a large amount of heavy metals and bacteria, which will produce foul odors and cause serious pollution of water, soil and atmosphere.

At present, there are many treatment technologies for oily sludge, in accordance with the requirements of reduction, harmlessness, resource utilization and comprehensive utilization.

The main treatment methods of oily sludge waste in oilfields are as follows:

1. Incinerate in a high temperature incinerator. Oilfields often use thermal desorption unit (TDU). The sludge is incinerated to recover clean oil and water, and the oil content in the solid waste is reduced to less than 0.5%. The products that meet the standard will be landfilled or fired bricks. This treatment method is costly and causes coking, which affects the normal operation of the incinerator. And energy cannot be recovered efficiently. If the oily sludge has a high moisture content, the temperature in the incinerator will decrease after entering the incinerator, and the pollutants after incineration will not be able to reach the standard stably, which will lead to air pollution and dust pollution.

2. Treat oily sludge by drying ordinary sludge. Because of the particularity of oily sludge, common processes and machines are not suitable for the treatment of oily sludge, which leads to agglomeration and coking of oily sludge in the equipment, making the equipment scrapped. In addition, the oily sludge treated by the ordinary sludge drying process cannot meet the standard. For example, equipment such as rotary kiln sludge dryers will form coking inside the equipment in a short period of time during the process of processing oily sludge, causing the equipment to fail to operate normally.

3. GN Solids Control Use chemical hot washing to treat and recycle oily sludge. As far as China’s current situation is concerned, chemical hot washing is mostly used for oil recovery from oil sludge, with the purpose of recovering oil. Therefore, the oil sludge after hot washing is a non-standard product and still needs to be treated. Therefore, the hot washing method can only be used as an auxiliary method for reduction, and cannot be used as a direct oil sludge treatment method.

The transmission structure of drilling mud agitator is mainly composed of driven motor, reducer gearbox, connecting device and mixing shaft assembly. There are not many forms of drilling fluid agitators commonly used in drilling fluids solid control systems. Among them, there are worm gear direct transmission and worm gear coupling transmission.

Mud agitator is used at trip tank, pill tank, desilter tank, mud suction tank, mud reserve tank, mud mixing tank. It is also used under the decanter centrifuge to avoid the mud settle down.

Mud agitators are normally used together with mud guns. Normally a mud agitator with a mud gun. The mud gun is used to support the 4 corners of mud tanks. GN Solids Control mud guns have 3 nozzles. Each nozzle]of GN mud gun can cover 120 degree, the 3 nozzles can cover totally 360 degree of the mud gun. The mud agitator is driven by electric motor. While the mud gun is driven by centrifugal pumps which are used for mixing or mud discharge.

 

Some manufacturers have also used worm gear and worm coupling drive. Worm gear drive is widely used in drilling fluid agitator due to its simple structure, large speed ratio and high reliability. Early drilling fluid agitators were almost all directly driven by worm gear. Although the worm gear coupling drive and belt drive are large in size, they have the characteristics of soft motion, which is good for protecting the overload of the motor. Therefore, some manufacturers will choose them.

The most commonly used agitator transmission mode is the gearbox reducer. The advantages of gear reducer agitator are high transmission efficiency and less maintenance. The disadvantage is large volume. Gear driven agitators are also divided into direct drive and coupling drive. The direct drive mud agitator is the most commonly used agitator drive form at present because of its simple structure and convenient maintenance.

GN Solids Control just finished a full package drilling mud solids control equipment for an Africa client. The equipment will be used for a new rig mud system.

There are 4 stage solids control equipment included in the package.

1) Firstly, there are 3 sets solids control shale shaker. The shaker model is GNZS594F-SHBF. It is a 4-panel linear motion shale shaker which is widely used in oil rig mud system.

Besides the 4-panel shale shaker, GN Solids Control also make other sizes liquid and solids separation equipment, includes single deck shale shaker with 2-panel shale shaker, 3-panel shale shaker, and 5-panel shale shaker. GN Solids Control also makes double deck shale shaker with 5-panels and 6-panels screen deck.

2) After the 3 shale shakers, it is a 3-in-1 mud cleaner, which is composite of a single deck shale shaker, a desander separator assembly and a desilter separator assembly. There are 3 no. 10 inch desander and 12 no. 4 inch desilter cone which are combined with a 4-panel big flow shale shaker to reach 1500GPM flow capacity.

3) After mud cleaner, there are 2 no. Decanter centrifuge. It is a high speed centrifuge model GNLW363D. One centrifuge is used with middle speed for recovery the usable particles inside the drilling mud and reuse it in case of in need. After some circulations, there will be more and more ultra fine solids which cannot be removed by shale shaker and desander / desilter separator,

The other centrifuge is used with high speed for ultra fine solids separation, it is to reduce the mud weight.

4) There is a mud mixing unit in the package. It is to prepare qualified new mud to feed for the oil rigs.

If clients are interested in any other models or other sizes drilling mud recovery system, welcome you contact GN Solids Control to ask for support.

Oilfield drilling Mud gas separator is also named as poor boy degasser. It is used to remove air or gases (methane, H2S, CO2 and others) from drilling mud. It is mainly used to remove the big bubbles with the diameter of about ≥Φ3 mm. Most of these bubbles are the expanded gas filled in the drilling mud in annular of wellbore. It would cause well kick if the gas not to be removed timely.

Besides mud gas separator, there is another degasser equipment in drilling mud solids control system: vaccuum degasser. It is used after shale shaker and before hydrau cyclone separators. It is used to remove the fine bubbles inside the drilling mud.
ZYQ-1000 and ZYQ-1200 Mud gas separator are the 2 popular models for drilling mud system. Mud gas separator is located before drilling mud system. It is used after BOP choke manifolds and before solids control shale shaker.

The model ZYQ-1000 means that, the tank inside diameter of the mud gas separator is 1000mm. The tank wall of the mud gas separator is 10mm. While plus the 10mm tank inner depth, the external diameter of the tank is 1020mm.

If for model GNZYQ-1200, it means the inside tank diameter is 1200mm, the outside tank diameter after adding the 10mm tank wall is 1220mm.

The Inlet line, outlet line, vent line and solids discharge pipe size can be customized per order request. The mud gas separator design pressure is 1.6 Mpa. It is with side connection It is Atmospheric during working. There is a pressure gauge equipped on the mud gas separator. 0 ~ 140 Psi (0 ~ 1 Mpa) Pressure gauge is matching for the pressure.

Some clients may ask for 0 ~ 500 Psi gauge, which equals to 0~3.5Mpa. The measurement range is too large for mud gas separator. It will affect the accuracy of the pressure values.

There is a release value on the outlet pipe of the mud gas separator. It is butterfly value, the size of the valve can be customized per order request.

There is also a 4 inch butterfly valve on the solid discharge pipe. The valve size can be customized per order request.
The capability of lowering the Mud gas separator to a horizonal position for transporting between locations with necessary supports.

 

The Screw conveyors is a simple and popular transfer device at oil and gas drilling field. As it is a rotating device, and at many job site, the top covers of screw conveyor augers are gratings, it caused some unexpected accidence.

One time, a clients contacted GN Solids Control to ask for support. He said they experienced by HSE issues at their rigs sides which were caused by screw conveyors. He said in the past year, some operators hurt their finger or foot by screw conveyors. It caused jobsite shot down.

They want know what safety protection GN Solids Control provide on the screw conveyors.

Firstly, GN Solids Control offers Full Length Safety Grab Wires and ESD Devices (emergency stop device) on start stop panels. Operators can easily stop the augers at any position nearby it.

Clients can choose Fixed speed motor starter or manual adjustable speed motor starter per order request. The control panel is capable for operating in +55 °C Ambient Temps.

All Electrical equipment and electrical accessories for the auger system is designed and certified for Hazardous Area with ground protection.

The auger motors and motor starter can be accordance with explosion proof standard for CNEX, IECEx or ATEX Zone 1 and Zone 2 Rated and suits for 460V/60HZ 3 Phase, 380V/HZ 3 Phase, or suits for customized power system. Clients confirm voltage and HZ before order.

GN Solids Control can provide motor starter with Emergency STOP Switches located Near the Augers. As an additional safety protection, GN Solids Control is capable to provide Audio / visual alarm system connected to the auger motor starters and located near the augers. The motor start equipped with Audio and visual alarm system will be automatically activated once the power is switched on followed by the actual auger startup with a safety delay time. And plus, the Audio and Visual Alarm to be in the OFF mode after some time once the auger starts operation. It is for giving ATTENSION to stuff nearby to let them aware about the start up of the screw conveyor, and ensure them have time to keep distance from the rotating device.

Vertical cuttings dryer is also called as vertical centrifuge. It is driven by motor and gearbox. The high rotating speed will generate high G force and therefor to separate the liquid and solids phase.

GNCD930G-GP is a fixed speed vertical cuttings dryer. The power is from a single ex-proof motor driving system. The motor drive the main pulley, the main pulley drive the gearbox housing via V belt, the gearbox drive the bell jar combination and screen basket assembly. Fix the gearbox input shaft, to make the gearbox output shaft speed little lower than gearbox housing speed, to drive the rotor assembly in a speed which is slower than screen basket assembly rotation speed. Thus, screen basket assembly and rotor assembly form same rotation direction separation machine with proper differential speed.

The power of GNCD930G-VFD VFD vertical cuttings dryer is from a dual ex-proof motor driving system. It is a variable speed dryer. The motor drive the main pulley, the main pulley drive the gearbox housing via V belt, the gearbox drive the bell jar combination and screen basket assembly. The auxiliary motor is a flameproof motor. The input shaft is driven by the V-belt through the main pulley, so that the power is converted inside the differential to produce a speed slightly lower than that of the gearbox housing on the output shaft, thereby driving the rotor assembly to a slightly lower speed. Rotating at a speed lower than that of the screen basket assembly. In this way, the screen basket assembly and the rotor total constitute a separation-discharge mechanism with a certain differential speed and high-speed rotation in the same direction. The main and auxiliary motors are controlled by the frequency converter to obtain different speeds and differential speeds. Realize the separation of different materials.

Besides vertical cuttings dryer, GN Solids Control is also capacity to make all major Drilling Waste Management for the liquid and solids separation, like Vertical Cuttings Dryer, HI-G Dryer Shaker, Decanter Centrifuge, Screw Pumps, screw conveyor, etc.

Centrifuge is a kind of mechanical separation equipment that uses centrifugal force to separate the components in the mixture of liquid and solid particles, or liquid and liquid. The centrifuge is mainly used to separate the solid particles in the suspension from the liquid, or to separate two kinds of liquids in the emulsion with different densities and immiscible with each other (such as the 3 phase decanter centrifuge or disc centrifuge used in GN oil sludge treatment system, it is to separate oil and water from the oily slurry). Centrifuges can also be used to remove liquids from wet solids, like for waste water decantering treatment.

There is also centrifuge which can classify solid particles according to density or particle size by using the characteristics of different settling velocity of solid particles with different density or particle size in liquid. It is decanter centrifuge. Decanter centrifuge is the most popular centrifuge type for oil and gas drilling field. The most popular size is 14 inch bowl and 18 inch and 22 inch big bowl decanter centrifuge.

This week, GN Solids Control finished some high speed decanter centrifuge, the centrifuges will be used for low gravity drilling mud processing. GN Solids Control can also make middle speed centrifuge for high gravity mud processing. The higher speed of the centrifuge, the high requirement on the manufacturers capability. GN Solids Control makes high speed and big bowl decanter centrifuges from the small size 9 inch to the largest size 30 inch.

Besides making high speed centrifuge for low gravity solids (LGS) separation, and low speed centrifuge or high gravity separation (HGS), GN Solids Control is also capacity to make VFD centrifuge and FHD centrifuge, which with adjustable speed, can be used for both low gravity solids (LGS) separation and high gravity separation (HGS). And also the VFD and FHD centrifuge is widely used for drilling waste and other industry waste application.

GN Solids Control Mud Gas Separator is located after BOP choke manifold and before the mud enter into the drilling mud processing system. After the BOP and choke manifold., for continued drilling in underbalanced conditions where dramatic pressure surges are normal. It is always used comply with a igniter.

GN Solids Control Mud Gas Separator adopt dump gate on the bottom to control the fluids height, and no sediment.
The liquid impingement tubes are cylindrical which extends the equipment life. The main part of the equipment adopt anti H2S material and the surface is processed. This can totally avoid H2S damage.

GN Solids Control Mud Gas Separator can be equipped on a big shipping skip for easy movement, and while the mud gas separator is rigged up, the free space can be used to allocate choke manifolds.

GN Solids Control flare ignition device is used for connecting to the gas Vent line of Mud Gas Separator to burn the dangerous gas from the drilling mud like H2S. The upper part of the flare ignition system is stainless steel, and it is designed for rain proof in the oilfield. The major components for the electrics are from famous Brand like SIEMENS or Schneider. The power for the electric can be directly from industry normal power, or users can charge the battery and take the unit for remote areas application. GN flare device is with remote control, and PLC is optional available for less manpower notice for continually and automatically working..

GN Solids Control is specialized in full package drilling mud system. Unlike other solids control manufacturer, who only self-make a part of solids control equipment, GN Solids Control makes all the drilling mud solids control equipment by himself. After degasser, GN Solids Control makes solids control equipment to process the drilling mud, like 3-panel shale shaker and 4-panel shale shaker, mud cleaner, desander and desilter, vacuum degasser, and decanter centrifuge. GN Solids Control make other accessory equipment to complete the processing, like mud agitator, centrifugal pump, slurry pump, screw conveyor, etc…

GN Solids Control make vacuum degasser and centrifugal degasser to suit for various sizes drilling rig solids control system. Mostly, clients use the degasser unit after shale shaker and before mud cleaner separator. Most vacuum degasser should be used together with a centrifugal pump for feeding. GN Solids Control vacuum degasser is self-suction type. It is generate vacuum and suck drilling mud automatically. It can save a pump and save power.

The correct installation of drilling mud vacuum degasser should be at the suction tank. It is the first tank downstream of the sand trap, or when there is no sand trap, it is the first sand trap. The sand trap should be constantly stirred to help the drilling fluid tumble and separate as much gas as possible from the drilling fluid.

The treated drilling fluid then flows into the next circulating tank. There should be a welded pipe or overflow port that can withstand high flow rate between the two pools. The discharge tank of the degassing device is also the suction tank of the centrifugal pump. The centrifugal pump here is used to pump the drilling fluid from the ejector of the degassing device. At this time, the drilling fluid is usually called dynamic drilling fluid.

Pumping the drilling fluid from the ejector is actually sending the drilling fluid from the suction pool of the degassing device to the unloading pipeline. Design and equipment installation due to Bernoulli effect, a low-pressure area is formed at the ejector, so that the discharge from the ejector returns to the same container. It is used as the suction of power well fluid. The drilling fluid is sucked into the vacuum degasser, and then passes through the degassing container. The reason is that the centrifugal pump cannot pump out the drilling fluid containing gas. Therefore, the drilling fluid cannot be pumped out of this container, but can only be inhaled.

GN Solids Control is now working on the packing of a 1500GPM drilling mud cleaner for a drilling company in China. The drilling mud cleaner model is GNZJ594F-3S16N. It is a combo type 3-in-1 mud cleaner, which is composed of a single deck 4-panel shale shaker, number 3 desander cones, and number 16 desilter cones. The desander cone size is 10 inch, cut point of the 10 inch desander cone is 47 microns. The desilter cone size is 4 inch, cut point of the 4 inch desilter cone is 27 microns.

The 3-in-1 mud cleaner is for 2 steps solids control separation. Shale shakers are used before the mud cleaner. For 1500GPM mud cleaner, qty 3 shale shakers are recommended before the mud cleaner. After the dirty drilling mud pre-separated by the first stage solids control shale shaker, the recovered drilling mud will be transferred to desander separator and than fed to desilter separator for the 2 steps separation.

According to the vibration type, the shale shakers can be divided into 4 types:

1. Ordinary elliptical motion shale shaker: during operation, the screen box moves in a circular track and makes a pitching motion around the center of mass.

2. Circular motion shale shaker: the screen box moves in a circular track during operation.

3. Linear motion shale shaker: the screen box moves in a straight track during operation.

4. Translational elliptical vibrating screen: during working, the screen box moves in a translational elliptical track.

GN Solids Control makes linear motion shale shaker and dual motion shale shaker. Beside shale shaker and mud cleaner, GN Solids Control can make other drilling mud treatment equipment as well as drilling waste management equipment, like vacuum degasser, decanter centrifuge, mud gas separator, mud agitator, mud gun, centrifugal pump, screw pump, screw conveyor, sludge and solids transfer vacuum pump, high G drying shaker, vertical cuttings dryer, etc…