decanter centrifuge

In past couple years, besides the petroleum industry, GN also tried expanding the business to some other fields. The big bowl decanter centrifuge and dosing system are two of the main equipment that widely used in environmental protection for waste water treatment. The decanter centrifuge is used to remove the solid particles in the waste water, used together with the dosing system; the treated water could be discharged directly with national standard for environmental protection.

GN Decanter Centrifuge

Dewatering Centrifuge

By now, GN has already developed he big bowl decanter centrifuge for dewatering process. A very popular model GNLW553 in GN’s production line is the unit with 22 inch bowl diameter. The bowl length is over 3 times of the diameter. This is not the largest model GN can make. In near future, GN’s decanter centrifuge especially used for water treatment will be released. The model series would be 454 and even 554.
GN’s decanter centrifuge is VFD available for main motor, back motor and the feeding pump. All the electric components used come from worldwide famous brand. Operator could set the RPM on the HMI panel and monitor the machine running conditions.

The dosing system is designed containerized with all the components are installed inside the container. GN has both 20 feet and 40 feet model. Clients could choose high configuration that including automatic dosing system and acid/alkali mixing tank or simple polymer mixing tank.
The cured flocculation polymer is fed to the waste water and then the ultra fine solids will be gathered to become large size blocks for easy separation by the centrifuge.

Polymer Dosing System

Dosing System

Features of GN Waste Water Decanter Centrifuge
1. Speed adjustable as per treated waste water condition
2. Humanized HMI operation for easy operation and reducing of manpower
3. Low consumption on polymer and energy comparing with filter press
4. Considerable protection for solids discharge port and scroll for longer lifetime

GN will release more models of decanter centrifuge for environmental protection waste water treatment. Any questions, please feel free to contact GN know.

Solids control is one of the main jobs where GN’s centrifuge could be used. Now the latest design of GN decanter centrifuge is the C version with premier configuration.

By the end of this year, 2 of GN premier decanter centrifuge caught up the last ship to Latin America for the solids control job there.  Below are the main features of this premier model.

solids-conrol-centrifuge

Solids Control Decanter Centrifuge

  1. High level material used for the rotating parts. The bowl is the core part of the centrifuge unit; the separation is process when the bowl is rotating. GN uses duplex stainless steel 2205 to make the bowl with centrifugal casting technology. The evenly material distribution ensures the excellent balance performance when rotating. Inside the bowl the scroll is made of SS316L which is much better than the other China suppliers who are using SS304.
  2. All around protection is put on the parts that will bear a lasting friction coming from the solids. The scroll is protected by 4mm thick tungsten carbide tiles that are replaceable for longer lifetime. The outlet port of liquid speeding up cone on the scroll is covered with ceramic liner. The same ceramic liner is also installed at the solids discharge port on the bowl. To prevent the building up of solids in the collection box, the tungsten material scrapers are fixed on the bowl to protect the bowl from wearing.
  3. To ensure the treating capacity, GN makes the slurry feeding direction and solids delivery direction same. This will speed up the solids delivering in the bowl. On the scroll blade, there are several openings allow the liquid passing through for large flow rate.

GN premier decanter centrifuge is also widely used in waste management like the waste cuttings treatment and the oily sludge recovery project. For safety consideration, GN premier decanter centrifuge is equipped with DNV lifting certified skid for transportation.

GN now has over 30 high configuration decanter centrifuge stocked for urgent request and prompt delivery. The decanter centrifuge is normal type equipment used in the drilling fluids recycling system for fine solids separation. As a leading manufacturer of solids control equipment in China, GN always makes the inventory plan for the main equipment that most requested by the clients, like the shakers, decanter centrifuge etc.

What are the basic technical parameters of the decanter centrifuge
1. Size: 14 inch of bowl diameter, 50 inch of bowl length, this length and diameter ration is fine for most of the application
2. Treating Capacity: Max. capacity of 200 GPM with recommended capacity of 132 GPM
3. Speed: Designed Max. speed is up to 3900RPM with recommended normal working speed of 3200 RPM.
4. G Force: 2062 @ working speed 3200 RPM, under this speed, the solids with size larger than 5 microns could be removed out.
5. Gearbox: Torch of 3500 N•M, gear ration 57:1
6. Motor Power: Dual motors as main and auxiliary drive, 37 KW + 11 KW

gn-decanter-centrifuge-inventory

GN Decanter Centrifuge In Stock

What is the configuration the decanter centrifuge in stock
1. Material: Bowl is made of Duplex stainless steel 2205, screw propeller is from SS 316.
2. Bowl Fabrication: Centrifugal Casting technology ensures better material distribution to maximum avoid casting defects.
3. Protection: Screw propeller is protected by the tungsten carbide tiles with uniformly thickness of 4mm, much better than spraying welding 2mm uneven surface. Solid discharge ports are protected by ceramic lining for long life time and less maintenance. Collection box has air spring for easy open and damping close to protect operator.
4. Bear Brand: Genuine SKF bearing for longer and reliable operation
5. Control Panel: Both fixed speed and VFD panels are available as per customers’ requirements. Main electric components are from ABB, Siemens or Schneider.
6. Certificates: CE certificate for main machine, DNV lifting certificate for frame base, ATEX/ IEC Ex certified electric motors and panels are available hazardous area application.

Sufficient inventory is a guarantee for customers’ urgent request and prompt delivery. Now is near the end of the year, and GN is starting the customers profit surrender plan. Call GN no hesitation and you can get a special discount.

Decanter centrifuge is a kind of equipment used very often in oil drilling separation process. Like in the drilling mud recycling system, the decanter centrifuge is located after the de-silter cyclone unit for ultra fine solids separation. Some operators will install the decanter centrifuge unit on the mud tank top, while, the decanter centrifuge is not used all the time during the drilling. Thus, some drillers take out the decanter centrifuge from the mud tank system and put it on a skid closed to the mud tank system for easy connection once needed.
Comparing with other solids control equipment in the mud recycling system, the decanter centrifuge is of high cost. This is also one reason it will be taken out from the mud tanks system, always, the driller will find a third party who owns the centrifuge unit to sign the lease agreement.

gn-decanter-centrifuge-skid-modular

GN Decanter Centrifuge with Skip Frame

What Materials Are Included in GN’s Centrifuge Modular Package
1. Decanter centrifuge unit – GN has now 3 main decanter centrifuges for oil industry with bowl size of 14 inch, 18 inch and 22 inch. All these 3 types could be equipped with a PLC smart electric panel for all the remote operation. Both the electric motors and control panels provided are complying with the explosion proof standard. Either for Zone 1 or Zone 2 is available.
2. Electric Control Panel – All the above 3 sizes centrifuge has VFD control panel. The panel would be put on the skid, people could operate on the ground. The panel need is designed positive pressurized needing air blowing into the panel for cooling down and explosion purpose.
3. Telescopic Skid – GN’s telescopic is designed to comply with the DNV lifting certification for widely acceptance. The operator could adjust the skid height as per the actual site condition.
4. Screw Feeding Pump – one unit screw pump is fixing on the skid for feeding the slurry to the decanter centrifuge. This pump is also controlled in the aforementioned control panel.
5. Other Accessories – hose from feeding pump to the decanter centrifuge inlet, solids discharge chute for the centrifuge, liquid discharge port matching flange with nipple and the tools case.

GN’s modular centrifuge package is compact structure for easy location on jobsite. GN can also provide customized centrifuge skid by knowing the installation dimension of Customers’ existing centrifuge unit.

Drilling cuttings would be produced when drilling. In order to recover and reuse the drilling fluids, the operator need remove the drilling cutting from the drilling fluids. The well known equipment to remove the cutting from drilling fluids is the solids control equipment. So, what is the cuttings dewatering system? And how it works to remove the cuttings in the drilling fluids?

The drilling fluids with cuttings coming from the well hole is fed to the shale shaker unit via the elevated pipeline, this the method used in oil rig package. For some other drilling project, like the no-dig horizontal directional drilling, the used drilling fluids would be collected into a pit on the ground, and then the fluids would be transferred by a slurry pump to the shale shaker unit.

cutting-flocculation-polymer-dosing-system

Mud Dewatering

Shale shaker unit is the first stage for removing the coarse size cuttings in the drilling fluids. And then the de-sander and de-silter cyclone could remove out the cuttings with size down to around 20 microns. The used drilling fluids treated by the de-silter cyclone are already clean enough to be reused. However, the cuttings with size less than 20 microns would build up to make a heavy mud which is not suitable for normal drilling application.
The dewatering system is especially equipped to remove the ultra fine solids that even cannot be separated by the decanter centrifuge unit. A decanter centrifuge like GN’s 22 inch model GNLW553 can remove the cutting with size down to 5 microns. For the even finer cuttings, we need a flocculation process to gather the ultra fine solids so that the decanter centrifuge could remove out. The polymer mixing system is a critical part of the dewatering system, GN’s polymer mixing system is designed with powder hose conveyer, automatic dosing system, mixing tank and diaphragm pump for transferring the polymer to the drilling fluids. For better flocculation process, always one acid tank and one alkali tank is equip to make the suitable PH value.
Sometimes, the drilling fluids are mixture of water and oil, GN is also able to provide the oil water separator system for recovering the water and oil.
GN now has already have the design of the complete system for drilling cutting dewatering system, for more
information, please feel free to contact with us.

Some oil refineries store the crude oil in cylinder tank and clean the tank regularly. The tanks are cleaned and the oil sludge would be taken out with solids in it. The sludge cannot be discharged directly to environment, as it has large content of valuable oil, moreover it will pollute the environment.
Can the solid and oil could be separated and recycled. Absolutely they can. The solids and oil are 2 types of material with different density, which makes the solids easily separated by the decanter centrifuge. GN has a sludge treatment system is especially for oily sludge separation. This system is consisting of 3 parts: storage, mixing and separation.

gn-oily-sludge-treatment-sysem

Oil Sludge Management

The whole system is mounted on one skid, at one end of the skid. A square tank is used to collect and store the oily sludge. Always this tank compartment will be equipped with an agitator to prevent the solid sedimentation. As the solids in the sludge are really fine that cannot be removed out by only use the decanter centrifuge. The flocculation agent is needed to gather the fine solids and become large size block. GN’s sludge treatment system has automatic dosing system for flocculation agent mixing. The configured mature chemicals will be fed into the tank, once blocks got, the sludge will be transferred via a pump to the decanter centrifuge for separation.
Solids discharged out of the centrifuge will be collected by the screw conveyor and delivered to some catching box waiting for further treatment. The liquid coming out from the centrifuge includes water and oil, as the oil tank is cleaning by using the high pressure flushing water. This water and oil mixture has to be further treated by an oil water separator or a 3 phase decanter centrifuge.
Decanter centrifuge is the key equipment in the oily sludge treatment system. GN has already enriched the centrifuge production line from 9 inch to 30 inch. The centrifuges could be respectively for mining slurry separation, oily waste treatment, and dewatering system even some other industry like civil waste water treatment.

Besides of the drilling industry, the decanter centrifuge could also be used in some other industries such as the waste water treatment. The sources of the waste water may include dirty water in river or lake, civil sewage and the waste water from paper mill. For this kind waste water treating, some operator will also use the machine of filter press which is also an efficient machine to separate the solid from the water and get dry mud cakes.
Decanter centrifuge and filter press are different working principle on remove the fine solids from waste water. Filter press use the fine mesh, while the centrifuge by centrifugal force. However, purpose is the same just by adding the flocculation agent to make fine solids become large size blocks that can be easily separated. Filter press need more polymers when working, while decanter centrifuge use less, some material like even no need polymer if separated by using a decanter centrifuge. This will save the cost on polymer.

Decanter-Centrifuge-for-Waste-Water

Centrifuge for waste water

Decanter centrifuge is a type of machine can work continuously without flushing, only before fully stop the machine, the operator need feed clean water to flush inside of the centrifuge bowl. If use the filter press, the operator need flush the filter mesh frequently, this is really a large consumption on water. With the advantage of easy operation, one operator can operate and monitor 2 or 3 unit centrifuges at the same time. While one belt filters press may need 2-3 operators at one time. Decanter centrifuge will save a lot on the labor cost.
From the structure, the decanter centrifuge is designed compact enough with a small footprint, while the belt filter press will need large space to put it. To some small workshop with limited area, a decanter centrifuge will be a better option.
GN now have 22 inch decanter centrifuge could be used in water treatment; it can be supplied with polymer dosing system. GN now is developing much bigger centrifuge with 30 inch bowl that could be used in some other industries.

GN Solids Control is the 1st one manufacturer in China who ever sent the drilling cuttings solidification unit to client’s jobsite. It was predictable that many comments regarding the performance of GN solidification unit would come back. More important is how to response to these comments.
GN is always keeping developing new products, which is the reason of the first unit drilling cutting solidification unit coming from GN. Some of the comments on GN solidification unit are positive, while some are very good suggestions for GN to perfect the design. The unit sent to site was designed whole assembly installed on one skid, which makes the unit too long to move and locate the unit easily. The new design divides the machine into 2 parts; one is for solidification agent storage, the other part is for mixing. These 2 parts could be located more freely according to the site space. Comparing with old model, the new one has larger tank for agent storage, on top of the tank, hand rails are installed. The agent bag pallet could be put on top of the tank, which greatly increases the working efficiency. Though 2 parts, the whole system still could be put into one 40ft container for oversea transportation.

GN-drill-cutting-Solidification-unit

Cuttings Solidification Unit

The drilling cutting discharged out of the shale shaker and decanter centrifuge could be fed into the solidification unit for treatment. However, there is a misunderstanding on the performance of the solidification unit: No matter how wet the cutting is, so long it is fed into the solidification unit; the dry material will come out. This is not correct. The much wet the cutting is, the more solidification agent will be used. Hence, the operator should make the cutting as dry as possible before feeding into the solidification unit.
GN’s solidification unit was proved greatly saved the man power on site as it can working continuously, the speed could also be adjusted as per the working condition. Solidification unit is one of the final solutions for water base drilling cuttings. Easy operation and maintenance are its advantages.

To be a professional manufacturer for solids control equipment, GN has nearly 10 years experience on decanter centrifuge research and fabrication. With these years development, GN decanter centrifuge have been supplied to the many giants in the oilfield industry. Subsidiary company of Halliburton, Baker Hughes, COSL and some other world famous company tried GN decanter centrifuges and gave good remarks.
A company has to keep improving if he wants to live for a long time. GN is an example for continuously upgrading the existing equipment and developing the new products according to the market feedback. At the beginning of foundation of GN Solids, GN only made middle speed decanter centrifuge that can only be used in normal drilling fluids recycling system, like barite recover process and some high speed unit could be used in fine solids separation. The middle speed model and high speed model will be kept in the same one mud recycling system.

gn-centrifuge-for-baker-hughes

GN Decanter Centrifuge for Baker Hughes

Thanks to the many kind clients’ feedback and valuable suggestions, the only thing GN did in the past years was to perfect the design of the centrifuge and improve the quality. Nowadays, GN’s 4th generation decanter centrifuge is under design processing. The best seller of GN C version decanter centrifuge could be electric controlled as fixed speed or variable speed. The PLC design high standard positive pressurized control cabinet is available. Top quality centrifuge bowl material duplex SS2205, optimized feeding direction and high standard material for solids discharge touching parts make GN decanter centrifuge could be adopted in waste cuttings management system, drilling fluids de-watering system, and crude oil tank bottom sludge cleaning out of solids control system. In the past two years of winter of oil business, it was widely application of GN’s decanter centrifuge that brought GN many orders which kept GN alive, even became bigger than ever before.
GN’s second facility close to HQ will be launched into use very soon. This facility is specialized used to develop centrifuges. Most industries could be a GN’s future market like the sewage treatment, environmental projects and food industry. Actually, it is because many inquiries coming from these industries, which urges GN to expand into these areas. Where there is a request, there is a market.

GN’s decanter centrifuges are 2 phase type and mostly used in oilfield for drilling fluids fine solid particle separation and waste management as GN is known as a China leading professional manufacturer for solids control equipment for oil & gas industry. However, according to the working principle, the centrifuge should be able to be used in some other industry for liquid and solids separation just like the dredging slurry separation and construction site solids removal.
GN ever sent one solids removal system including shale shaker and decanter centrifuge to London for the construction project there. On the construction site, the worker may use water to wet or mix some construction material. Nowadays, most of the office building has parking area at the ground floor of the building. When the beginning of building, the workers will operate the rotating drilling machine to drill some holes on the ground for piling. This type of drilling will also need water for cooling down the drill bit and take out the drilling cuttings from bottom of the drilling hole.

GN-SOLIDS-REMOVAL-LONDON

Solids Removal Unit

GN’s solids removal system is used to separate the solids and liquid. On construction site, it will be used to remove the stone and other large size solid particles from the water. The unit sent to GN’s customer in London was a 2 phase solids control system. The configurations are as below:
1 unit shale shaker with 3-panel screens for primary solids control could remove most of the large size solid particles. The solid particles on construction site would be various from sand, stone, leaves and waste cans. The shaker could remove almost all the coarse particles by using the wire mesh screens.
1 unit decanter centrifuge with speed up to 3200 rpm is used for fine solids separation. GN’s centrifuge is made of excellent material on bowl and screw propeller for long lifetime and easy maintenance.
1 mud storage tank is divided into two compartments for sand trap under the shale shaker and clean liquid collection under the centrifuge. 2 pumps are installed on the tank skid. One of the pump transfers the slurry from sand trap compartment to the centrifuge, another one is used to transfer the liquid out from the tank for reusing.
GN’s mud tank system is with the CE certificate thus the clients from Europe could use GN’s mud system freely without worrying about the compliance. For any request, welcome contact GN for more information.