mud recycling

Last week, several packages of Mud Cleaning System were shipped to Chinese sea port. The mud cleaning systems will be sailed to North America to service their mud cleaning projects. The project the client will do is that, they collect various kinds of waste mud and waste water from rigs or from construction field. The client transports the waste mud and waste water by vacuum trucks, and treat them together to reduce the waste material, and recover solids and waste for reuse. It is high standard mud cleaning system to suit for North America standard.

The features of the mud cleaning system are that, its design is very compact for small foot print. Several mud separation shale shakers and dewatering centrifuge unit are equipped in the system for better separation performance.

1) First separation is by double deck coarse shale shaker to remove the big size solids from the waste mud and waste water. The top of the shale shaker is covered by metal boards to avoid mud leakage during shale shaker vibration.

2) After the double deck coarse shale shaker, next separation is taken by a single deck high G force shale shaker. The same design as the double deck shale shaker, the top of the single deck shale shaker is covered by metal boards to avoid mud leakage during shale shaker vibration.

3) A package of dewatering centrifuge unit.

As there are still many fine solids particles inside the recovered water from shale shakers, a dewater unit is used in the system for chemical dosing. It is used together with a high speed big bowl decanter centrifuge for fine solids separation.
The mud cleaning systems can recovery as more sands from the waste water. Regarding the waste mud from hydraulic excavation drilling, the recovery liquid phase is usable mud for reuse. The separated sands can be used for construction material.

Vertical rotating drilling rig is the normal machine used in piling project. During the drilling process, in order to protect the inner wall of the drilling hole and speed up the process, the operator always chooses to use drilling mud. Then here comes another problem how to reduce cost of the drilling mud thereby to reduce the cost of drilling. The solution is to use mud recycling system to make the drilling mud reusable.
The purpose of the mud recycling system is to remove the large size solid particles in the drilling mud by several separation machines. In regards to the mud recycling system for piling project, it could be a very compact design as separation process is not so complex as that for oil gas drilling. GN solids control is one of the most experienced separation solution providers who could provide the mud recycling system for almost all the industries will use it. GN already developed the standard mud recycling system especially for the piling project.

gn-de-sanding-unit-piling

De-sanding Unit

Strictly speaking, the mud recycling system used in piling should be called de-sanding unit as the drilling depth is normally shallow and most of the solid particles are sand. A de-sanding unit would be enough for processing the separation to get the expected reusable drilling mud.
GN’s de-sanding unit is a compact structure 2 steps separation system. The main equipment in this de-sanding
unit is combined with a 2 layers shaker and cyclone manifold. The double layers shaker is used for coarse solids separation by the under layers and the upper layer screen is for drying the slurry discharged from the cyclone unit. The tank under the shaker unit is used to store the drilling mud. One centrifugal pump is installed in the system for transferring the mud to the cyclone unit for sand separation.
This de-sanding unit could be connected with extra mud tank for larger capacity mud storage. The operators can also equip a jet mixing unit to make an self-contained mud recycling system for other drilling project like HDD and water drilling.

Shale shaker is very common equipment used in the drilling mud recycling system. Its function is the first stage for remove the coarse solids in the drilling mud. Sometimes, we may see the double layers shale shakers are installed in the mud system. Below we would like to share some information on how the double layers shale shaker works in the mud recycling system.
Some mud system may has limitation on the footprint, thus, the operators would like to equip a shale shaker with high treating capacity but compact structure. The double layer shaker no doubt is the ideal choice.

shale-shaker

Shale Shaker

For shale shaker application – when the unit is used as primary shale shaker, it is located at the very beginning of the mud system. As we know, the shale shaker unit has buffer box for mud feeding into the shaker unit. The mud overflow out from the buffer box would flow into the upper shaker screen panels with coarse screen for larger size solids separation. The lower screen panels would be much finer for small solids separation. Double layer shale shaker will have a relative larger capacity; in the meanwhile, it can remove out smaller
solids.
For Mud Cleaner application – Shale shaker can also be used as underflow drying shaker by combining with hydro cyclone unit. This type mud cleaner functioned as both shale shaker and cyclone unit. The lower screen with coarse mesh is for larger solids separation, and the upper screen with fine mesh is for drying the slurry discharged from the cyclone.
GN now has main two models of double layers shale shaker. One is coming from the shaker model of GNZS703. Its deformation GNZS706 double layer is for larger capacity shaker and GNZS705 for mud cleaner unit. The other is GNZS752; it can be upgraded to GNZS753 double layers. These double layer shale shakers are widely used in GN’s compact design mud recycling/de-sanding unit for area limitation project.

Normally, the drilling mud recycling system is consisting of mud recycling tank skid and mud mixing tank skid. On
the mud recycling tank skid, the solids control equipment like shakers, mud cleaner, and even decanter centrifuge unit will be installed for removing the cuttings and useless solid particles in the drilling fluids. After several times recycling, the useful mud materials will loss together with the cuttings, and then the mud engineer need add new mud materials into the drilling fluids to maintain the proper mud property for the drilling job. The mud mixing unit is the equipment used for adding the mud materials into the fluids.

gn-mud-mixer-unit-1

Mud Mixing Hopper

What is the Function and Principle of the Mud Mixing Unit
The mud mixing unit is always installed at end of the mixing tank. Before starting the drilling, the driller need have sufficient drilling mud to keep a continuous drilling. Thus at the first, the mud mixing unit is used to make the drilling mud by mixing clean water and mud materials. With the drilling going on, once the mud property is not proper for the drilling process, new mud materials like barite or other polymers need to be added into the drilling fluids. The mud mixing unit is sucking the drilling mud from the mixing tank, and then pump the mud together with materials back again into the mixing tank. Normally, the mud agitators would be equipped on the mixing tank for fully blending.

What Components are Included in the Mud Mixing Unit
1. Centrifugal Pump – the inlet of the pump is connected with the mixing tank for sucking the drilling mud from tank. And the outlet is connecting with pipe manifold that will transfer the mud to the hopper unit. As this pump is fixed with the mixing hopper, it is also called mixing pump. This pump is driven by an electric motor via direct shaft connection. By higher efficiency shearing purpose, GN will used belt driving for a shearing pump.

gn-mud-mixer-unit-2

Mixing Hopper Bag Breaker

2. Mud Hopper – GN’s mud hopper is Ventri type connected with the pipe manifold via a T pipe. The mud materials will be added into the hopper and then immediately sucked into the drilling fluids as there is a vacuum produced by the high speed flow. For the hopper, GN uses the material of stainless steel for better anti corrosion performance and long life time. Inside the hopper, there is a bad beaker for quickly adding of powders. On the pipe manifold, there is a pressure gauge for the operator to inspect the working pressure of the mixing pump.
3. Control Panel – GN’s mud mixing unit is equipped with explosion proof control panel for application in Zone 1. The operation of the control is easy for only three buttons on the panel. One on, one off and one for emergency stop, accordingly, the signal lights is installed to reflect the operation.

GN’s mud mixing unit could be installed both at the end of the mixing tank or separately mounted on a small skid. This mud mixing unit can also be designed as a dual hopper dual pump type for larger capacity or in case one of them is broken down.

The persons who know solids control equipment may know well on the shale shaker and mud cleaner unit. These 2 machines are very common in solids control system that do solids separation job from the first to forth stage. The shale shaker is located at the very beginning of the mud recycling system for primary solids control; the coarse cuttings could be removed by the shale shaker. While after treated by the shale shaker, the drilling fluids would be transferred to the mud cleaner for further treatment.
For the purpose of easy maintenance, in the same solids control system, the mud cleaner is equipped with under drying shaker that is same model as the primary shale shaker. Mud cleaner is just a machine on which the cyclone frame was fixed above. The mud cleaner unit is only able to be used to separate the solids via the hydrocyclone units. Why the mud cleaner unit cannot be used as a shale shaker even if it has the under drying shaker? This is really a good question. GN’s engineer equipped a logging tank to the mud cleaner unit and the mud cleaner unit becomes a shale and mud cleaner composition unit.

gn-shaker-cleaner-unit

GN Shaker & Mud Cleaner Composition Unit

Normally, GN’s shaker unit has back type logging tank that is used to collect the drilling fluids coming out from the drilling hole. The drilling fluids accumulated in the logging box firstly and then overflow into the shaker deck, thus the shaker screen will not be damaged by the high pressure drilling fluids. This unit could be used as a shale shaker unit.
De-sanding and de-silting cyclone are installed on the mud cleaner for finer solids separation. The solid discharged out from the bottom nozzle of the cyclone also has high pressure that will shorten the screen life if directly dropped onto the screen surface. To avoid this situation, there is a hopper collection box that is used as buffer between the cyclone and screen. To make this machine compact, GN’s engineer designed to insert the buffer box into the logging box, which means the logging box is also used as second buffer box for the cyclone unit. This is the function of mud cleaner.
One thing need to be noted is this shaker and cleaner machine can only be used for one function one time: either shaker or mud cleaner. This is a cost saving unit with small footprint, for some project not very urgent, this unit could be a very ideal choice. GN ever showed this unit at Beijing CIPPE, much attention was attracted there.

Mud Agitator is one of the solids control equipment that is mainly used to mix the drilling fluids in the mud tanks to keep the solids inside the drilling fluids suspending other than sedimentation down to the tank bottom.
GN’s sales team ever received many inquiries on the mud agitators; unfortunately, most of the clients have no idea on how to choose the right model for their project and even don’t know how to use the equipment properly to ensure a longer life time.

gn-mud-agitator

Drilling Mud Agitator

GN’s sales are good at understanding clients’ specific request by asking few simple questions. With the answer from the clients, GN always could give the best proposal for clients. Now let’s see what these questions are and what information GN need to give a proposal.
a. What is the inside dimension of the mud tank or pit. From this question, GN will know the inside length, width and depth of the mud tank, and then GN will know how long the agitator shaft should be suggested for clients and how big impeller should be used. For the deep mud tank or pit, the stabilizer will be provided to hold the agitator shaft for stable performance.
b. What is the shape of the mud tank, cylinder or rectangular? Then GN will know how to design the agitator.
c. What is the electric specification, mainly GN would like to know the jobsite electric voltage and frequency. Different countries may have different frequency, the 50 Hz motor cannot be used under 60 Hz, and safety is ever the first think we should keep in mind.
d. What is the S.G. of the liquid? For very thick liquid, GN will propose bigger horse power motor to drive the agitator.
Mud agitator is always installed in mixing tank with jet mixing unit, active mud reserve tank and trip tank. For some clients who get the mud agitators from GN and make the mud tank by themselves, GN always recommends them to make the mud tank with same dimension, thus they can get the agitator all same model, which would be much better for clients’ future maintenance. GN suggest the RPM setting of the mud agitator between 40-96, too high will disturb the solids suspending, while too low will lead to solids sedimentation.

Most of the horizontal directional drilling mud system is not equipped with decanter centrifuge unit as by using the 3-phase separation system including shale shaker, de-sander and de-silter unit, it can work good enough for removing the solids from drilling fluids. Centrifuge is relative high cost, which is also a reason the drilling contractor doesn’t equip it in the mud system.

gn compact centrifuge system

GN Centrifuge System

However, for some high request drilling condition, the driller may use the heavy mud for better drilling performance. Sometimes the drillers add the certain chemicals to make the drilling mud heavier so that the mud can better protect the wall of the drilling hole. If the driller went to drill another well, the heavy chemicals need to be separated, and then the centrifuge could be used to do this job. In some other conditions, after many times recycling of the drilling mud, there is much ultra fine solid particles that cannot be removed by the shaker and cyclone unit, and then the centrifuge unit is needed.
GN Solids Control has nearly 10 years in fabricating the drilling mud system for HDD projects. This type mud system need to be compact structure and easy for transportation. See the picture in this article, both the de-sander and de-silter unit are equipped with under flow shaker for drying the discharged solids. The shakers used are 2-layer screen design. The bottom layer screen is used as primary shaker and upper layer screen to dry the discharges out from the cyclone units. This design greatly reduces the footprint of the mud system. And all tank top surface equipment are pre-installed on a frame with same base dimension as storage tank. When transport the mud system, the shaker and decanter centrifuge units could be removed by lifting the frame for fast disassemble. With the frame, the equipment could be easily transported by flat bed trailer.
GN can provide both standard and customized HDD mud system for clients. Just send us your request, and then you will get a satisfying and cost effective solution.

Derrick, NOV and Swaco are well known to all people who work with solids control equipment. These are the 3 big guns in this industry. It could be seen from that, almost every corner of the world, their equipment are running. During this oil business depression, most of the drillers, mud service companies and even oil field service companies who have mud engineering business abandoned these 3 brands and convert to find some other brands with cost effective price but same good quality.
There are several solids control equipment manufacturer in China. Customers from abroad have no enough information to tell who qualified manufacturer is. GN Solids Control devoted himself in this industry for nearly 10 years, would like to share below information on GN to tell everyone who want to make a deal with solids control manufacturer in China.

GN-Solids-Control

GN Beijing company

1. What certificates you have to be a solids control manufacturer
GN Company was founded in the year of 2007. And 1 year later, GN got the certificates from API. From that time, GN became the first API certified solids control equipment manufacturer in China. So far, GN is also the number one solids control manufacturer who has passed most times of the examination by API in China. GN also got the certificates of ISO, HSE, CE certificates issued by DNV and Russia Customs Certificates.
2. What is your facility looks like
GN’s facility is up to around 400,000 square meters including 2 factories near Beijing downtown and airport, which is very convenient for customers’, visiting for business negotiation and delivery inspection. In the year of 2013, GN set up the facility (sale office and warehouse) in Houston, USA. Till now, GN has finished the inventory in Houston warehouse for several of GN main equipment like shale shaker, decanter centrifuge and cuttings dryer. For the wear parts of shaker screen, GN also has stock in Houston. In the year of 2014, GN did establish the sales office in Moscow, Russia.
3. What did you do and what are you doing
Only the company who is continuously researching and improving can live longer and get bigger. From the beginning of the foundation of the company, GN made the normal solids control equipment and system. Till now, GN can provide drilling waste cuttings management system to finally make the hazardous waste environmental friendly. GN is not only an equipment manufacturer, but also a turnkey solution provider. In the year of 2015, GN got the approval of National New High-tech Enterprise, which is the best prove of GN’s willing to be the number one of solids control manufacturer in China.
4. Who choose GN Solids Control
Today, GN’s equipments are running in over 60 countries and regions. Many world famous enterprises have ordered from GN. Baker Hughes, Halliburton, Shell and COSL respectively ordered waste cuttings management equipment from GN solids control. Moreover, good remarks were sent back to GN on the performance of equipment. Some of the customers even repeated order from us. If you don’t know much on GN’s equipment, or you want confirm what we done ever before. Welcome to GN, we have many real cases for potential customers to refer. Facts speak louder than words.
4 reasons would make you convinced on why GN is the top class manufacturer of solids control equipment. For other solids control brands in China, you can ask them same questions and see what answers you can get.

De-sander is very popular equipment used in solids and liquid separation processing. It always contains cyclone unit and steel frame. With different diameter of the cone body, this cyclone unit could separate the solid particles with different sizes. GN’s de-sander is using 10 inch cyclones which could remove the solids size down to around 45 microns.
GN’s de-sander unit is used in drilling industry to separate the drilling cuttings from the drilling fluids. Traditional de-sander units don’t have the under drying shaker for maximum recovery of the drilling fluids liquid, thus a large amount of valuable drilling fluids was lost. However, this type de-sander and even the de- silter unit are very simple structure and cost effective.

gn de-sander unit

GN De-sander Cleaner

To make the discharged solids much dryer, GN prefer to suggest choosing the de-sander unit with a under drying shaker which could recycle much more drilling fluids. This could reduce the waste discharges to environment and the cost on drilling fluids materials. GN has a de-sander model with under drying shaker of 2 layers screens panel. This unit is functioning as both primary shale shaker and de-sander unit. The drilling fluids gets into this de-sander unit via the mud distributor pipe and then flow on the bottom layer screen firstly for primary solids control. Liquid gets through the screen mesh and falls down to the under located mud tank. Large size particles will be discharged out of the shaker. And then the liquid will be transferred by a centrifugal pump unit to the de-sander cyclone unit for fine solids separation. The mixture of liquid and solids discharged from the cyclone will come to the upper layers screen for drying processing. Here, to prevent the damage of screen mesh resulted by the strong impact force of solids discharged out from the cyclone unit, GN designs small buffer box to cover the outlet of the cyclone. This buffer box is small enough to make the unit more compact.
GN’s double-layer screen panel shale shaker can also be used as only primary shaker for much fine solids separation. Besides de-sander unit, de-silter unit can also use this type shaker as drying shaker.

Chinese traditional New Year will start from the February 8th 2016. It is known that China New Year is named with twelve kinds of animals, or we can also call it Chinese Zodiac. This year the animal is Monkey. All twelve Chinese Zodiac represents twelve kinds of human characters, while the Monkey emblems to be flexible thinking and dealing with affairs.

En-1 monkey-new-year

GN Spring Festival

Spring Festival is the most important festival to all Chinese people, just like the Christmas in West and Hari raya for Islam. Chinese Spring Festival means reunion, so all persons working outside will go back home to see their parents, even the grandparents. All the brothers and sisters will stay together to enjoy the happiness and share their achievement in past year. Spring Festival means Reunion, Spring Festival means going home. Spring Festival means a new beginning.
GN’s employee comes from all corners of the country. Some or our guys will spend over 30 hours on the train home. In order to give everyone sufficient time to get together with their families, GN’s holiday started from February 3rd. February 15th is the first day for work in New Year. So, if you have any request, please make calls to our sales guys’ cell phone number. If you are GN’s old customer, you may have the cell phone number of right person. If you are a new customer, please call to our USA office at 713-878-0880.
In regards to the Monkey, China has a very classic TV series called Journey to the West telling a story of master and disciple total 4 persons who overcome thousands of difficulties finally arrive at the Ancient India to get Buddhist scriptures back to Tang Dynasty. During this story, the eldest disciple is a monkey who ever created a tremendous uproar in the heavenly palace and later converted to Buddhism to assist his master to get the scriptures. It is a very famous God evil spirit novel in China. Any interest on China history and Chinese myth, you can search and peruse it.
GN would like to share the happiness with all of friends coming from every corner of the world. I would like to used a very popular saying in Spring Festival as the end of this article – 恭喜发财!(May you be happy and prosperous!)