solids control

Screw conveyor is a popular transfer device used at oil and gas drilling site. It can collect drill cuttings from solids control equipment, like shale shaker, mud cleaner, or desander, desilter, and it can used to transfer drill cuttings to cuttings dryers, vertical cuttings dryer, cuttings box, cuttings pits, etc…

GN Solids Control makes 5 sizes auger diameter: 10 inch, 12 inch, 14 inch, 16 inch and 18 inch. GN Solids Control makes 12ft per section as standard length. Clients can choose the auger diameter and section quantity per their needs. GN Solids Control makes various sizes screw conveyor, the transfer length is from 12ft to 48ft.

The driving unit of screw conveyor is composed of helical bevel gearbox reducer, explosion proof motor, driven section, middle section, and feed section. The gearbox reducer and motor is combined by the flange.

The Augurs are sometimes inclined at an angle, particularly the Secondary Augur. Normally, the first screw conveyor is laid at shale shaker and mud cleaner in horizontal. And then there are other augers next to the horizontal auger to transfer drill cuttings to requested position. Some clients said they faced the problem that, the oil may come from gearbox reducer to motor. Clients want isolation plate between gearboxes and Electric Motors for screw conveyors electric Motors to prevent Lubricating Oil from going into the Electric Motors.

GN Solids Control provide good quality oil seal between gearbox reducer and motor to prevent oil to enter into the motor. The screw conveyor impellers are made of wear-resistant and thicker manganese steel. According to the clients’ special requirements, the screw conveyor impellers can also be sprayed with wear-resistant coating to extent the service life of the screw conveyors.

Besides screw conveyor, GN Solids Control can also offer other transfer equipment, like centrifugal pump, slurry pump, screw pump, solids and sludge vacuum pump, etc…

There are many kinds of centrifugal pump for various material transfer in various field. The drilling mud centrifugal pump is also called as sand pump. Centrifugal pump is widely used for oil and gas drilling mud system,horizontal directional drilling (HDD) fluids transfer. GN Solids Control makes various sizes centrifugal pump to meet for various applications.

Impeller is an important part of centrifugal pump to transfer and convert energy. Through the impeller, the mechanical energy of the motor is transformed into pressure energy and kinetic energy. The impeller is composed of front and rear cover plates (impeller discs) and curved blades. According to whether there are front and rear impeller, it is divided into closed type, semi open type and open type impeller.

In general, the pump conveying sundries adopts open impeller. The tank injection pump and sand pump, as well as drilling mud pump adopts semi open impeller, while the slag pump adopts closed impeller. Through investigation, it is found that the most easily worn part of the semi open sand pump impeller is the origin of the blade. Due to the ball impeller out! High strength and uniform wear. At the same time, when the wear increases the gap between the suction end side cover plate and the front side, the performance of the pump is more stable.

GNSB Series centrifugal pumps are designed with the following characteristics. Below are some features of the GN Solids Control centrifugal pump design:

1. GN Solids Control centrifugal pump adapts composite mechanical seal. It means the mechanical seal is installed in the inner end of the sealing box, the auxiliary packing seal mounted in the outer end. The double sealing makes the sealing more reliable.

2. The impeller of GN Solids Control centrifugal pump adapts open vane structure.

The open vane structure impeller reduces the shaft load greatly, and it is running more smoothly and performs more efficiently.

3. GN Solids Control centrifugal pump is with Higher output and high efficiency. The impeller profile complying with the hydraulic principle, it can increase the output and efficiency.

4. GN Solids Control centrifugal pump adapts wear-resistant materials for the key parts to prolong the service life

5. More choice. GN Solids Control offers a variety of pump casing and impeller. It can meet different demands of different customers.

Some sets of drilling mud solids control decanter centrifuge and drilling waste vertical cuttings dryer are ready. They are customized for an international drilling company. It is not the 1st time the client buy from us. All their drilling rigs are equipped with GN Solids Control drilling waste management equipment. There is a fixed speed decanter centrifuge, a VFD decanter centrifuge and a vertical cuttings dryer for a drilling rig for drilling mud and drilling cuttings treatment.

There are fixed speed decanter centrifuges, Variable frequency speed decanter centrifuges included in the project. Even for the fixed speed decanter centrifuge, GN Solids Control can offer another set of pulley and belt for another fixed speed control.

GN Solids Control offer German brand NETZSCH pump as feeding pump for decanter centrifuges. The feeding pump screw pump control is inside the decanter centrifuge control panel. There are interlock between decanter centrifuge main motor and back drive motor, and the pump motor. As the 3 motors must be started and stopped in order. It is to protect decanter centrifuge from overload. With the interlock control the feeding pump can be stopped automatically in case of too much mud feeding.

There is a lubricating oil system for the vertical cuttings dryer. The lubricating system must be started before the vertical cuttings dryer main motor start running. The oil system drive pump motor is included in the vertical cuttings dryer control panel to start oil pump for some minutes and then to start the main motor. GN Solids Control offers German brand NETZSCH pump as flush pump for vertical cuttings dryer. Screw pump flush pump control is included inside the vertical cuttings dryer control panel.

GN Solids Control offers telescopic skid for decanter centrifuges, VFD control panel and screw pump are mounted on the skid. GN Solids Control offers heavy duty skid for vertical cuttings dryer. Screw conveyors are used together with decanter centrifuges and vertical cuttings dryer to transfer drill cuttings.

The largest size of Liquid Mud Plant that GN Solids Control has constructed is 35,500 bbls. It is composed of NO. 75 mud tanks. GN Solids Control built  a small liquid mud plant for the client first. They are happy with the performance.

Later on, this year, the client order another big size liquid mud plant with totally 35,500 BBL storage capacity. The 35,500 BBL liquid mud plant include the solids control tank, mixing tank, Brine storage tank, WBM storage tank and OBM storage tank.

The solids control tank and mixing tanks are horizontal tank. The tank size is the same with 40ft container. The lifting is utilizing standard container lifting corners. All storage tanks are vertical type to minimize the footprint.

The solids control tank includes solids control equipment shale shaker and a dual decanter centrifuge package.
The shale shaker model is GNZS594F. It is GN latest design shaker model. It is a 4-panel single deck shale shaker. The shaker screens are complied with API RP13C standard and made from composite material frame.

The dual centrifuge package includes No. 2 high speed decanter centrifuge, the centrifuge model is GNLW363C. It is 14inch bowl size decanter centrifuge with fixed speed control. Clients can choose different sizes of pulley and belt to get another fixed speed. Besides fixed decanted centrifuge, GN Solids Control can offer VFD control and FHD control for GNLW363C centrifuge.

There are 2 mixing tank in the big liquid mud plant. Each mixing tank is composed of No. 2 shearing and mixing hopper, No. 2 mixing pump and No. 2 mud agitators.

Unlike other systems, submersible slurry pump is widely used in the liquid mud plant. Normally GN Solids Control use screw pump to feed for decanter centrifuge. But in this liquid mud plant, the client requests to use submersible slurry pump to feed for the dual centrifuge package.

The client does not use centrifugal pumps for mud mixing but they request submersible slurry pump as well.
Centrifugal pumps are used as transfer pump in the liquid mud plant.

A package of solids control equipment is ready for shipment. They are made for a waste management project for a Canada client. A shale shaker, a 1000GPM 3-1 mud cleaner and a high speed decanter centrifuge. They are basic separation equipment for oil and gas drilling mud treatment system.

Shale shaker model is GNZS594. It is a 4-panel linear motion shale shaker with compositeframe pretension screens. There are 2 vibration motors are equipment for the shale shaker. The motor brand are international top brand Italy OLI or US Martin Brand. The EX control panel are made by GN Solids Control with with SIEMENS or Schneider Component. The screens are fixed with wedges and with Gear unit for fast screen change and longer screen life. The Mechanical Deck angle adjustable system is GN patent design. It can adjust shaker deck while the shale shaker is working. And the user only need to adjust shaker deck at one side, both shaker deck angle will be changed levelly.

 

Mud cleaner is a desander & desilter & Shale Shaker 3 in 1 unit for compact footprint combo type shale shaker separator. Its capacity is 1000GPM. The combo type shale shaker is equipment with no. 2 × 10inch desander cone and no. 12 × 10 inch desilter cone. The hydro cyclones are made by Polyurethane Material for long life time. And the hydro cyclone assembly is removable for adjusting to be a shale shaker. The under flow shale shaker model is the same with first stage solids control shale shaker GNZS594.

 

The high speed decanter centrifuge is 14inch bowl size. The separation speed can up to 3200rpm. GN Solids Control can offer fixed speed control, VFD control and FHD control for the 14inch decanter centrifuge. It is located on a telescopic skid. The skid can fall down to less than 2.5m for international container shipment. And it can lift to 2.8m ~ 4.2m per clients request during working.

Mud cleaner is the most popular separation equipment in oil rig drilling mud solids control system. Drilling mud cleaner is used after solids control shale shaker. It includes desander mud cleaner, desilter mud cleaner, and combo type 3-in-1 mud cleaner. 3-in-1 mud cleaner is also widely known as combo type shale shaker. GN Solids Control makes various models of combo type shale shaker.

A package of drilling mud desander cleaner and desilter cleaner are ready for dispatching to a oilfield service company in China. The desander mud cleaner and desilter mud cleaner for this project is combined with 2-panel small size shale shaker.
The desander mud cleaner model is GNZJ752F-3S. It is includes a 2-panel under flow shale shaker, and No. 3 × 10 inch desander cones.

The desilter mud cleaner model is GNZJ752F-12NF. It is includes a 2-panel under flow shale shaker, and No. 12 × 4 inch desilter cones.

API RP13 confirmed shaker screens are used for the mud cleaners.

Besides the 2 models desander mud cleaner and desilter mud cleaner. GN Solids Control makes other models mud cleaner. Below are the major types of mud cleaner GN Solids Control can make:

1) Desilter mud cleaner and desilter mud cleaner without downstream drying shale shaker. It is the most economic mud cleaner. Its design is compact and price is low. Typical model is GNWS-2SF / GNWS-3SF and GNWS-12N / GNWS-16N for 1000GPM or 1500GPM handling capacity.

2) Desilter mud cleaner and desilter mud cleaner with GNZS752 Series Mini Shale Shaker Screen. There is a small size shale shaker under the hydro cyclone separator. Typical model is GNZJ752F-1S / GNZJ752F-2S and GNZJ752F-8NF / GNZJ752F-12NF

3) Desilter mud cleaner and desilter mud cleaner with GNZS703 Series 3 Panel Shale Shaker Screen. It is combo type shale shaker.  Typical model is GNZJ703F-S2SF / GNZJ703F-S3SF and GNZJ703F-D8NF / GNZJ703F-D12NF / GNZJ703F16NF.

4) Desilter mud cleaner and desilter mud cleaner with GNZS594 Series 4 Panel Shale Shaker Screen. It is combo type shale shaker.  Typical model is GNZJ594F-S2SF / GNZJ594F-S3SF and GNZJ594F-D8NF / GNZJ594F-D12NF / GNZJ594F16NF.

GN Solids Control is a professional manufacturer to make different sizes Solids Removal Variable Speed Centrifuge includes stand, feed pump and connecting hoses, and other processing equipment and accessory processing equipment before and after decanter centrifuge.

GN Solids Control makes Variable speed from 0 up to 4,000 RPM per different models. GN Solids Control is capacity to make both VFD control decanter centrifuge and full hydraulic drive (FHD) decanter centrifuge per meet clients’ request.
GN Solids Control brand decanter centrifuge is designed with high G-force to get a better separation performance.

GN Solids Control has big bowl decanter centrifuge vary from 18 inch to 22 inch, and max. to 30 inch for big fluid processing rate. In the world, few companies have the capability to make big bowl decanter centrifuge up to 30 inch. GN Solids Control is one of them who have the abilities.
GNLW553 VFD decanter centrifuge is a 22 inch bowl decanter.
GNLW453 VFD decanter centrifuge is a 18 inch decanter.
GNLW363 VFD decanter centrifuge is a 14 inch decanter.
Roughly, for the same conditions, 1 set 22inch decanter = 2 x 14 inch decanter centrifuge.

And 1 set 18 inch decanter = 1.4 x 14 inch decanter. The operators cannot expect to use an 18 inch decanter centrifuge to replace 2 x 14 inch decanter or to replace a 22 inch decanter.

GN Solids Control 14 inch, 18 inch and 22 inch decanter centrifuge can all be used for heavy mud solids control. And also some clients want to use the decanter centrifuge for different applications like for barite recovery, HGS (high gravity solids), LGS (low gravity solids), waste management, and dewatering treatment, or other different applications, the centrifuge features are not all the same. When GN Solids Control makes the design for standard models, GN Solids Control need to balance the performance for all the situations. If clients have fixed applications with the centrifuge, suggest clients to share the information to GN Solids Control sales engineer before order to get and best solution to suit for the projects and maximized the separation performance.

 

GNLW363 FHD centrifuge is a Full Hydraulic Drive decanter centrifuge. It is designed to remove low specific gravity solids from slurries. After the FHD centrifuge separation, the solids are removed and the liquid is returned for recirculation. Like in the drilling mud system, the recovered slurry is drilling fluids, it can be reused in drilling mud system, in waste water treatment system, the recovered slurry is water, which can be reused in the waste water treatment plant. And in some cases, like in the barite recovery treatment, the solids are returned to the active system and the liquid is discarded, or goes to further treatment processing.

GNLW363C-FHD decanter centrifuge is fully hydraulic drive. Th Full hydraulic driven system is imported from leading brand from Switzerland. The bowl speed and conveyer speed of GN FHD decanter centrifuge is adjustable within the permitted range. It can achieve independent, step-less and large-range speed regulation for the bowl and conveying. The bowl speed and conveyer speed during working is showing on the screen.

The advantage of the full hydraulic drive centrifuge is for use in high temperature ambient for heavy mud with flexible bowl and differential speed. The compact one skid design makes it easier for rig up.

GN FHD decanter centrifuge is composed of bowl assembly, collection box, hydraulic drive system, electrical control panel, drive motor, vibration switch (optional), case, base assembly, and skid.

During decanter centrifuge operation, drilling mud or slurry is pumped through the feed tube into the center of the rotating conveyor, where it splashes against the feed accelerator. Screw pump is widely used as feeding pump for decanter centrifuge, besides screw pump, centrifugal pump and submers. The high velocity slurry is then dispersed out four feed nozzles mounted in the periphery of the conveyor cylinder. Rotating at a higher speed than the conveyor, the bowl creates an additional shearing effect, which further increases the slurry’s acceleration. The depth of the slurry in the bowl (pond depth) is determined by the setting of weirs on the liquid bowl head (large end of the bowl).

This week, a full package of compact oily sludge separation system was finished from GN factory in Beijing China. The compact design fast movable oily sludge treatment system is purchased by a reputable Environmental Solutions Company from China domestic market.

There are 3-stage separation equipment included in the oily sludge treatment system.

1) There is a 2-panel small footprint shale shaker equipped in the system for coarse solids separation. The model is GNZS752. As mostly, the oily waste come out from different sources and it is mixture of different wastes. There may be big size solids in side. The big sides solids may block or even broken the centrifuges. The small size shale shaker is used to remove the possible big size solids in the sludge.

2) There are 2 centrifuges in the oily sludge treatment system. The first centrifuge we call it decanter centrifuge. The decanter centrifuge model is GNLW224, it is a 2-phase separation centrifuge. The 2-phase decanter centrifuge is help to remove solids or soil from liquid mixture. The 9 inch centrifuge is a min size decanter centrifuge. The bowl diameter is only 9 inch, but the bowl length and diameter ration is up to 4. The longer ration can help to get cleaner liquid. It is the smallest centrifuge from GN Solids Control for industry separation.

3) The second centrifuge inside the oily sludge treatment system is disc centrifuge. It is also called 3-phase centrifuge. As the name mean, the disc centrifuge can separation oil, water and soil.

Many people may wonder: in case the disc centrifuge can separate and get oil, water and soil. While you add 2-phase decanter centrifuge inside the system? Really, the 2-phase decanter centrifuge is surely not to increase the cost. The disc centrifuge can only allow liquid mixture with liquid content less than 3%. Otherwise, it will damage the centrifuge. While the decanter centrifuge can allow liquid with solids content up to 15% ~ 20%. Decanter centrifuge is a necessary as pre-separation before disc centrifuge.

GN Solids Control was firstly known as a manufacturer of drilling fluids recycling equipment that are used to remove the solids in the drilling fluids, thus the drilling fluids could be reused. In China, there are several this kinds of manufacturers who can fabricate the traditional solids control equipment like shale shaker, mud cleaner, agitator and mud tanks.
Keeping improving is one of GN’s features. In the past few years, GN has invested a lot on upgrading the traditional solids control equipment to make it easier for operation. Moreover, GN has developed many new products that keep GN a leader in the solids control industry. In the year of 2016, GN released the system for hydrocarbon recovery. It is an effective solution to treat the waste oily sludge.

Oil-sludge-Recovery-System

Oil Sludge Recovery

GN’s hydrocarbon recovery system is a three phase separation system. It includes primary coarse solids separation shaker package, fine solids separation centrifuge package and oil & water separation package.
The working principle of GN hydrocarbon recovery system is to remove the solid particles step by step from the oil sludge. The high G force drying shaker unit is equipment with hot water spraying system for better washing performance, this process will remove most of the oil content on the solids.
Decanter centrifuge is equipped with chemical dosing system for fine solids separation after demulsification process. GN’s dosing system could be used in all kinds of dewatering system for ultra fine solids separation.
The liquid discharged from the decanter centrifuge flows into the oil water separator package. Here an inclined plate clarifier is installed for further removing the remaining silt in the liquid for clarifying the oil and water mixer. Then the liquid mixer flows into the micro bubble separation for oil and water separating.
GN’s hydrocarbon recovery system makes GN a real separation solution provider other than a solids control equipment manufacturer. GN would like to communicate with all the clients on this hydrocarbon recovery system.