Mud gun

Mud system will not work if there are no mud tanks. In the mud recycling system, the tanks are used to store the drilling mud to be a base where the solids control equipment to be installed. Normally, more than one mud tanks
will be used in the oil drilling mud system. For different purpose, the design of the mud tank is different, especially the inner structure of the mud tanks.
There are mainly 3 types of mud tanks recycling tank, intermediate tank and premixing tank. Then what are the different among these 3 types of mud tank?
The recycling tank is where to install the primary shakers and degasser unit, and also the de-sanding and de-silting unit. Each of equipment needs a compartment in the mud tank. As the recycled drilling mud is treated by the solids control equipment one by one. After treatment by each of the equipment, the drilling fluids will be cleaner than before. Thus the drilling fluids cannot be mixed. The wall between two compartments always has an overflow port for balance of the drilling mud in the tank.

Mud-Tank-for-ZJ-50

Mud Tank System

For the tank to install the de-sander and de-silter unit, inner structure of the mud tank would be much complex as there are pipes for centrifugal pump to such the drilling fluids from inside of the tank and transfer to the cyclone for further treatment. Operator has to know which pipe is for de-sander and which pipe is the desilter.
On the mud tanks for installing the solids control equipment on, there always have the walkways and handrails. The walkways provide enough space for the operator to walk around the equipment for operation and maintenance. Intermediate tank is a type buffering tank, part of this tank is for mud recycling, and other parts are used for mud storage. Operators can easily tell how many compartment in this tank.
The premixing tank is used to mix drilling fluids. It always is connected with the jet mixer unit. The mixing pumps suck liquid from mud tank and send liquid back again with added mud materials from the hopper. Thus the pump should be able to suck the drilling mud from anywhere in the mud tank used for mixing and storage.
Therefore, in the mixing tank, there are two groups of pipelines, one for sucking, and the other one is for sending liquid back. Mug agitators and mud guns are always installed on the mixing tank.
Though, the inner structure of the above tanks is different, the outer dimension and design are always the same for purpose of easy transportation and assembling.

Mud Agitator is one of the solids control equipment that is mainly used to mix the drilling fluids in the mud tanks to keep the solids inside the drilling fluids suspending other than sedimentation down to the tank bottom.
GN’s sales team ever received many inquiries on the mud agitators; unfortunately, most of the clients have no idea on how to choose the right model for their project and even don’t know how to use the equipment properly to ensure a longer life time.

gn-mud-agitator

Drilling Mud Agitator

GN’s sales are good at understanding clients’ specific request by asking few simple questions. With the answer from the clients, GN always could give the best proposal for clients. Now let’s see what these questions are and what information GN need to give a proposal.
a. What is the inside dimension of the mud tank or pit. From this question, GN will know the inside length, width and depth of the mud tank, and then GN will know how long the agitator shaft should be suggested for clients and how big impeller should be used. For the deep mud tank or pit, the stabilizer will be provided to hold the agitator shaft for stable performance.
b. What is the shape of the mud tank, cylinder or rectangular? Then GN will know how to design the agitator.
c. What is the electric specification, mainly GN would like to know the jobsite electric voltage and frequency. Different countries may have different frequency, the 50 Hz motor cannot be used under 60 Hz, and safety is ever the first think we should keep in mind.
d. What is the S.G. of the liquid? For very thick liquid, GN will propose bigger horse power motor to drive the agitator.
Mud agitator is always installed in mixing tank with jet mixing unit, active mud reserve tank and trip tank. For some clients who get the mud agitators from GN and make the mud tank by themselves, GN always recommends them to make the mud tank with same dimension, thus they can get the agitator all same model, which would be much better for clients’ future maintenance. GN suggest the RPM setting of the mud agitator between 40-96, too high will disturb the solids suspending, while too low will lead to solids sedimentation.

Mud gun is definitely an essential part for going mud tanks, it generally works together with mud agitator/ dirt mixer. The 3 main features including:
(1) Mixing, prevent the shades from precipitate, the necessary operating pressure is provided by the blending pump or mud pump motor, sometimes it works together with mud whisk, for example , for mud combining tank, mud storage container; sometimes it works separately if you find no enough place to use a mud agitator.

image

(2) Transferring, the actual mud gun line was created inside the mud tanks as well as connect with each tank in order to transfer the drilling liquids, for example , it can work as an account balance pipe between 2 aquariums to keep the mud degree balanced.
(3) Cleaning: If linked to clear water pump, it may be used as mud container cleaning line after going is finished, so you do not need to purchase a separate jet water device, with the GN unique dirt tank bottom design( having a 5 degree slant), the actual deposits solids on the container bottom will be washed aside with sand washing slot, and the operator can use unique tools to take the fine sand away.

“Mud gun for mud tanks”的图片搜索结果
GN solids control mud gun is with three nozzles and can work with six. 4Mpa for oil and gas drilling, and one 0 Mpa for HARD DRIVE & CBM drilling. We now have 2 types mud weapon, one type is rotatable mud gun which can turn with 360°, the other kind is fixed. Also we offer 2 sizes, 2 ” diameter and 3 ” diameter. The mud weapon length is customized with assorted size mud tanks, we are going to ask the client to provide required information before order.
Usually GN mud gun is made from carbon steel, for unique requirement of brine water or even corrosive mud, we can offer stainless steel material for choice. Welcome to inquiry GN solids America for more info.

Related Posts

In last article, we gave a brief introduction on how GN layouts the mud suction and mixing pipeline in the mud circulation system. On the mud tank, there are also other functional pipelines that would be designed and laid properly for complete the mud circulation system utility and enhance the working efficiency. Today we would like to gave a explanation on how GN engineer team design the mud gun pipeline and cleaner water line.

GN Drilling Mud Gun

GN Mud Gun with 3 Nozzles

What are the Functions of the mud gun line and clean water line

It is well known that in the mud tank, the mud agitator would be installed to agitating the drilling mud to prevent the solids particle sedimentation down to bottom of the mud tank, thus the drilling mud would be transferred or flow to next stage process as the suspension form. That would be benefit for subsequent equipment to work on the drilling mud. Mud agitator is high efficiency device. However, the mud agitator still can not get to the dead corner of the tank inner. For the issue, the solids control engineer always use the mud gun to solve the problem, the mud gun would be injected with drilling mud, high pressure mud out from the mud gun nipple would be jetted to the mud tank corner, by adjusting the angle of the mud gun, almost all the corner would be reached. During the mud recycling operation, the spraying mud would defile the equipment and lead to low efficiency. Moreover, the drilling mud would loss when separating. The mud engineer would have to add water into the mud tank to mix new drilling mud. The laying of the clean water pipeline would be necessary for these purpose, it should be very easy for the engineer to get the water.

How GN design the mud gun line and clean water line

GN’s mud tank are always rectangular, the top of the tank structure is applying the 4” tube steel. GN’s engineer would used this tube steel as the channel of the drilling mud and clean water. Only the seamless steel tube would be chosen in case of leakage of the liquid under high pressure. The mud gun line would be laid on every mud tank in the mud system so that the mud could be transferred to every mud tank compartment. Always, the mud gun line would occupy 1 length and 1 width of the tank top structure steel tube, between different tanks, the mud gun line would be connected by hose. To avoid confusion, the mud gun line would be laid at same side of the mud tank, while the clean water line is chosen as the counter sides.
The mud gun is installed inside the mud tank, thus the opening of the mud gun line would be inner the tank for easy connecting with mud gun terminals. While, the clean water line has several opening on mud tank top surface, the mud engineer would connect the water line by using a tap and control by a valve.

Regarding the power, the mud gun line is connecting with the mixing pump or high pressure mud tank. The clean water would be pumped into the water line with sufficient power. GN’s design on the mud gun line and clean water save cost on additional pipeline and effectively use the mud tank existing structure.

Low pressure / high pressure mud gun is used for mud tanks usually together with mud agitator. It is used as an assistant of mud agitator.

Drilling mud agitator usually mounted in the middle of the tank compartment to agitating mud and prevent it from settle down. But at corners of mud tank, agitator impeller cannot effect. In this case mud gun used.

high pressure low pressure mud gun

high pressure low pressure mud gun

Drilling fluids mud gun is mounted at the corner of tank. It has high pressure and low pressure for option. Some for international customer, sometime we will prefer 5000psi high pressure mud gun. It request a high standard of the seamless steel pipe feeding for the mud gun.

China supplier usually offer 1.6Mpa, 3.2Mpa and 6.4Mpa low pressure and high pressure mud gun. Parameters as below:

GN Mud Gun Technical Parameters

Model

GNNJQ50A-3G

GNNJQ50A-3X

GNNJQ80A-3G

GNNJQ80A-3X

Working Pressure

≤6.4 Mpa

Rotation Degree

360°

360°

Nozzle Qty

3

Gun Diameter

2 Inch

3 Inch

Connection Size

G2”

G2”

G3”

G3”

Applications of mud gun

Drilling fluids mud gun can be powered by centrifuge pump, mostly mixing pump, it is called low pressure mud gun. Dud gun in rig system can also be powered by mud gun with high pressure. Mostly, only high pressure or low pressure will be used in one system, but in some mud system, customer will prefer both high pressure and lower pressure.

Sizing and model selection of mud gun

The number of mud gun depends on the size of tank. Usually mud gun installed with mud line of mud tank. According the inlet pipe size, there are 2’ mud gun and 3’ mud gun for option. According to different structure feature, there are two types of mud gun: fixed mud gun , and rotary mud gun.

The mud gun in the mud system can also be used for transfer mud from compartment to compartment, like for trip tank compartment.GN Mud Guns are available for rotation adjustment to allow the operator to optimize the mud guns performance. The replaceable wear resistant jet nozzle is used, which is special design with better shearing.

Applicaiton of mud gun:

Inside the tank, there are always some dead corner, where mud agitator cannot effect. In this case, mud gun will be used to flashing and agitating the dead corner to avoid fluid deposition. It usually used together with mud agitator.

Mud gun is also meant to provide supplemental or primary mixing in mud tanks. It depends on the number being used and the pit size. It is best used in tank corners to keep solids from settling and a mud agitator is placed in the tank center.Mud Gun 4

How to choose the suitable mud gun:

The number of solids control mud gun depends on the size of tank. Usually mud gun installed with mud line of mud tank. According the inlet pipe size, there are 2’ mud gun and 3’ mud gun for option. According to different structure feature, there are two types of mud gun: fixed mud gun and rotary mud gun.

Design features of solids control mud gun:

A molded replaceable wear resistant polyurethane jet nozzle is used, with lift time as long as 2000 hour.

Three nozzle with 120° between each other. All tank corner can be covered by mud gun, even for fixed mud gun.

Locating the mud gun for mud recycling system:

·GN recommend to set a mud gun at every tank length simiar to tank width. Mud gun located on the middle of this length.

·Solids control mud gun inlet centerline aligh to mud tank central mud line.

The centerline of the nozzle is to be located about 6” off the tank bottom.