mud recycling

Last week, GN’s manufacturing department finished the fabrication of a mud mixing tank with double hoppers. Mud mixing tank is widely used in the drilling mud recycling system for mixing and re-configuration the drilling fluids. Also sometimes it will be used for storage the active drilling fluids.

mud-mixing-tank-with-double-hopper

mud mixing tank system

A mud mixing system is always consisting of mixing tank, agitators, mud guns, mixing pump and mud hoppers. Generally, the mixing pump and the mud hopper will be located at one end of the mud tank to make the mixing tank system a compact and single unit, while in some projects, the mixing pump and hopper are installed on a separate skid so that the mixing tank and the jet mud mixer could be used much freely. The picture in this article shows that the jet mud mixer skid was located at one side of the mixing tank. There are one mixing pump and 2 mud
hoppers on the skid. The mixing pump is connected with both hoppers, one of the hoppers is used for mixing barite to make weighted drilling fluids, and the other one is used for adding bentonite into the drilling fluids.
There is a steel frame around second hopper with steel bars over the hopper. This horizontal steel bar is used to hang the bentonite bag which will be hooked at 4 corners of the steel frame to make it easier for adding the bentonite powder into the hopper. It is worthy to mention that the steel bar is with forklift lifting slot so that the bar with bentonite bags could be lift and put on the frame by a forklift to save human power.
This mud mixing system is with a control panel to control mixing pump which could transfer mud to both hoppers. On the mixing tank, there is another charge pump which is used to transfer the active mud back to the rig for reuse.

One set 500GPM drilling mud recycling system was sent to Middle East for water well drilling. Besides the drilling mud recycling system for oil drilling, they also need drill water well for daily requirement for clean water. For the person living in Middle East, water is more important than oil. Sounds like a joke, but this is reality.
Water well is not so deep like the oil well, and the drilling cost is also very cheap comparing with oil drilling. However, both this 2 drilling processes need the drilling mud recycling system to speed up the drilling process and protect the drill bit. Water well drilling may not need the used drilling mud to be separated very clean as it is not requested strictly. Just like this 500GPM unit shipped to Middle East, it is a very compact
model, while it has all the necessary separation equipment.

2015.12.24_water_well_drilling_mud_system_500gpm

water well drilling mud system

It has one unit shale shaker GNZS703DZ with 3 panel screens which could remove out the solids always larger than 300 microns. This model is with the mud feeder on top of the shaker deck so that this shaker could be much more compact. As the water well drilling is always not so deep, hence, the solids coming out with the drilling mud is always not so hard. In this 500GPM mud recycling system, the de-sander cone is not equipped, but directly the de-silter cone would be used to separate the solids size of around 20 microns.
This 500GPM water well drilling mud system is a standard GN model GNMS-500G with 2 unit centrifugal pumps. One of each is used as feeding pump for the de-silter cyclone, and the other one is used for mud mixing, the mud tank is divided into 2 compartments. It has enough space for clean mud storage.
Though this 500GPM mud system is for water well drilling, it can also be used in other drilling project like HDD. As the working principle is completely the same. The customer killed two birds with only one stone.

All large capacity drilling projects such as oil gas drilling, no dig drilling for pipeline laying and water well drilling need drilling fluids when doing the drilling job. There is one type equipment naming shear pump that is an ideal choice for drilling fluids mixing. We could see the drilling fluids as the blood of the drilling equipment.

GN high efficiency shear pump polymer cutting

GN Shearing Pump in Mud System

Here, how to make the drilling blood clean and let the blood perform well is so important to all the drillers. It is known that the drilling project need a drilling fluids recycling system, or we call it mud recycling system. Before start drilling, we need get the mud recycling system ready. On the other hand, we need the drilling fluids to be ready. The drilling fluid is a mixture of water/oil and some mud materials like barite, bentonite, and some other chemical agents. Among the various mud materials, the bentonite is the most important one and the consumption is quite big. Meanwhile, the bentonite is also a polymer which is difficult to solve into the drilling mud base.

Then how should we resolve this problem? Bingo! We need a shear pump. Thanks to the special design of the impeller, the shear pump could cut the polymer into very small pieces so that these materials could solve into the water easily. A high efficiency shear pump could make the consumption of bentonite reduce 30%. Oh my god! Really a large cost saving.

This is not the only advantage to use a shear pump to cut the polymers. Once the drilling started, the solids control equipment will also start running. When the used drilling fluid comes out from the well whole and flow into the shale shaker, the mud recycling process is beginning. If there is much long strips material in the drilling fluids, the screen will be blocked which leads to loss of polymers.
One thing the drilling fluids engineers need pay attention is the shear pump cannot run without fluids inside the pump. As you know, the shear pump is use centrifugal type pump, it need run with liquid to reduce centrifugal force so that the fluids can be transferred continuously. One more, the shear pump cannot be used to transfer used/active mud, as the cuttings in the used mud will definitely damage the pump parts.

GN Solids Control deliveried one set of mud mixing system which is work with a mud vegetable in Caribbean. GN Solids already have several clients intended for solids control equipment or maybe related equipment or mud tanks from Caribbean water and this client is already experience of GN Solids for more than four years before place order to get mud mixing system. Our factory test already passed just before delivery to sea dock and realeased delivery with last week.

Main EquipmentsOf the actual Mud Mixing System
20151016_Mud_Plant_1
You can find one set of two panel shale shaker for remove solids in the drilling mud to get first phase cleaning. The particular GN shale shaker almost all wedge type installation intended for fast replacement and plus 2 degree for minuscule shale shaker deck angel, -1 to +5 qualification deck angel for several panel shale shaker. Shale Shaker screen is stainless substance for screen mesh to help you screen working better.

A pair of sets of high speed decanter centrifuge to remove the very good solids after shaker patio separation above 2 instructions 5 micron at 3200 RPM speed. It is stainless steel material for centrifuge jar and rotating part and another set of submersible slurry pump used to feed drilling mud into centrifuge inlet. Often the bowl size 360 milimetre diameter and 1270 milimeter bowl length for fifty cubic meters per hour the treatment of capacity.

4 sets involving 40 feet container sizing mud tank for mud storage with mud agitators, control panel, handrail along with walk way, etc . The particular mud tank can be personalized as per clients request, typically the 40 feet or twenty feet size just for move convenient in side from the country. Some client buy mud tank with skid mounted which can be pull regarding moving mud tank to put it briefly distance.

For the mining, GN have made a few customised layout systems, the first one is for Poultry, the customer co-design the system along with GN; then for the coring ming project, we style and design a very small system to get diamond drilling; then some decanter centrifuge with different layout for mining or prospecting water; now another customized system for Philippine mining or prospecting project.
This system contains a shale shaker, two centrifuges. The problems delivered to us is: deep subway, have mining water, having mixtures, different particles, which will destroys the pump which usually keep pumping the lakes and rivers out to keep it able to perform there. The pump is created in German, good quality, but expensive, we want to keep it within good condition, and not easy to get repalcement parts. To sum up, we need another technique to make the pump running properly.
Then we tried a variety of choices, to keep it below ground, or keep it along with the land. To only start using a centrifuge, or use several centrifuges. And questions continually come like do we need shaker, do we need desnader and many others.

Hydraulic Jackup Mud Recycling System

With the professional help from clients’ engineer, we finally what is design, and also modify this current operation flow of the mining or prospecting water. Then finally detox the singing water, and then transport to the surface. Considering that the purpose is not for consuming, so do not try.

Furthermore in the mud recycling system, it contains 2 Nemo pump, which is manufactured by German Netsch.

Specifications connected with decanter centrifuge
we have VFD cp to achieve stepless bowl rate adjustment to enhance mud treatment method performance
we use De dos niveles stainless steel SS2205 for centrifuge casting to improve bowl sense of balance, centrifuge balance, as well as progress performance on corrosion weight.
We use Tungsten carbide tiles protecting the twist conveyor impellers to enhance the particular performance when treating large mud.
When the system appear the site, GN solids control engineers should go to the site for the first time having and also operator training. To be sure all goes well and the right way.

Related Posts

GN Solids Control mud recycling systems are widespread in the world. Mud systems may be used in oil and gas area in addition to HDD, TBM Drilling, CBM Drilling or Water Very well Drilling. Last year, GN offered two sets of high construction mud recycling systems to get no dig drilling to 1 Asian client. Just some days and nights before, GN Solids control provided another set soil systems for one client coming from Philippine.
With a compact framework, this system is mainly used to distinct dirty mud can get clean up water. By using this set, each of our client can get water wherever possible, and solids can be individual out for further treating. The item mainly includes the following accessories:
1 . GN shale shaker GNZS594E-HB, 1 set
The dealing with capacity of this shaker will be 600 GPM. By using world renowned vibration motors like German OLI or USA Charlie, GN shaker can work to get a quite long time without cracked.
After the mud is shipped to the shaker from the serving box, the 4 portions shaker screens will distinct out most the solid waste. GN using good quality cable mesh to manufacture individuals shaker screens in order to keep going longer while also has a pretty excellent separating performance. GN likewise manufactures some other shaker window screens to replacement well-known shaker screens, such as Mongoose, Brant, Derrick etc .

2015.05.27 500gpm mud system
2 . GN decanter centrifuge GNLW363CG-VFD, 2 units
These 2 sets centrifuges both have one 14 inches rotating bowl. Running rate can be changed easily by employing touch screen when using the VFD manage box. GN VFD package is using ABB or Siemens electrical components for long life use. Different explosion proof cardboard boxes can be customized based on customers’ demands, such as IEC, ATEX.
The first variable speed centrifuge is rotating at a decrease speed compared with the second just one. It mainly used to separate out and about those solids with a greater diameter. On the other side, the second centrifuge is used to separate finer debris at a higher speed.
3. GN Screw Pump, 2 pieces
These 2 screw pumping systems are used to feed the decanter centrifuge without agitating the soil too much. GN is using well-known positive displacement pumps Netzsch.
4. GN Mud tank
All the above equipments tend to be fixed on one mud aquarium.

Related Posts

The drilling operator might know that after several times reuse of the drilling mud, there will accumulate more and more ultra fine solids in the mud that cannot be separated out with physical method even by using high speed decanter centrifuge unit.
The accumulated solids will rise up the mud specific gravity that will greatly affect the mud performance. While, in order to keep the normal density of the mud, under this circumstance, the flocculation no doubt is the most popular method to be used.

polymer mixing unit (1)

polymer mixing unit

The flocculation process is produced in a type of machine called polymer mixing unit. This unit is used to mix the polymer that will be fed into the centrifuge to gather the fine solids in the mud. This polymer mixing unit is always connected with the centrifuge unit in the solids control system. After the separation by primary solids control equipment like shale shaker and cyclone unit, most of the solids larger than 5 microns could be removed out. The centrifuge unit plays an important role in this flocculation process. Sometimes, this centrifuge is called dewatering centrifuge.
GN’s polymer mixing unit is designed as 3 compartments mixing tank with automatic dosing conveyor and agitating device. Dry chemicals and water are fed into the first compartment for mixing, and then overflow into the second compartment for maturing process. The third compartment is used to store the solutions waiting for use.

polymer mixing unit (2)

dewatering centrifuge

The material of this machine body is PP. At each compartment, there is installed one automatic agitator with stainless steel made agitating shaft and impeller. The chemicals feed hopper is also made of SS304.

In order to realize the continuously mixing, the tank compartments are installed with liquid level control device. The mixing, maturing and storing process continuously transfer with low labor cost. The PLC design makes the operator adjust the solution concentration as per request, high automatic degree, and no need human watch over.
GN could provide the polymer mixing unit with dewatering centrifuge containerized for weather proof. For more information, welcome click to see GN Dewatering System.