Drilling Waste Management

GN Solids Control applied the technology of heating washing and chemical enhancing to treat oil sludge, oil slurry, waste oil and water.

Heating system of GN oil sludge separation system

GN Solids Control equips heating pipes inside mud tanks of the oil sludge separation system, and heating pipes and nozzles on coarse separation shale shaker. Clients can choose electrical oil heating system or electrical steam heating system for the application.

As the normal temperature is high enough. The function of heating is to reduce the viscosity of the oil sludge. Another reason of heating is to maximize the performance of chemical agents. The most suitable temperature for chemicals is around 70C degree. In some countries of Middle east, heating system is not necessary.

Chemical agents used for oil sludge and dewatering treatment

There are normally 3 types of chemicals will be used for oil sludge treatment. Clients can choose to use 1 or 2 or 3 types of chemicals based on the sludge situation and separation demands.
1) Sludge separating agent or surfactant: If the oil sludge viscosity is till high and difficult to separate after heating, sludge separating agent can be dosed before separation. The function is to improve the separation performance of the oil sludge.

2) Demulsifier: After sludge separation agent, demulsifier can be added to make the oil sludge emuisified, to remove the oil and water in the emulsified oil-water mixture.

3) Flocculant (PAM) or coagulant (PAC) : for ultra fine solids separation before enter into decanter centrifuge and disc centrifuge. If you already dosed demulsifier, you should consider and calculate carefully to see you add PAM / PAC or not. As demulsifier is to make oil, water and solids separated. But PAM / PAC is for flocculation. PAM / PAC will reduce the demuisifier performance and to make the oil, water and soil mixture again.

In some projects, acid or alkali will be dosed before separation to balance the PH. If you need to add acid or alkali, it is normally added before other chemical agents. The suitable PH can improve separation performance in some degree, but not much.

Oil and gas drilling, refinery, and crude oil production will all generate a large number of oil sludge waste.The oil sludge waste generated from drilling, refinery and crude oil production have complex composition, which may cause serious pollution to the surrounding environment and wasted resources. As this reasons, it is essential and necessary to treat the oil sludge waste, to reduce and minimize the waste in order to protect our environment.

GN Solids Control utilizes heating washing technology with chemical enhancing system to treat the oil sludge from oil and gas drilling and refineries. 2-phase / 3-phase decanter centrifuge and 2-phase / 3-phase disc centrifuge are used in GN oil sludge treatment system.  The major function of GN oil sludge treatment system is to reduce the solids and liquid waste volume before enter into superior processing equipment.

The water recovered from GN oil sludge system can be reused in the separation system, or use the water for injection. But the water cannot be discharged into environment. They need further slurry separation treatment before discharge. The recovered oil can be sold to refinery companies. The solids can be used as construction field material, like to to make bricks for road construction.

With suitable chemical dosing, below is the major parameters of soil, oil and water after separation from GN oil sludge separation system:

The Oil on Solids Discharged from Decanter Centrifuge is around 1-3%. The solids waste volume is greatly reduced, clients can send the solids waste to TDU company to treat. The cost will be much lower than you buy a TDU. As the cost of TDU and its operation cost is greatly high. Besides TUD, the clients can also use Biodegradation technology to further reduce OOC to 0.5% or less.

Recovery Oil from 3 phase centrifuge BS&W is around 2-3%. Clients can sell it to refinery company.

Oil Content in recovery water from 3 phase centrifuge is 1000-3000PPM. The recovered water can be reused for premixing tank inside the treatment system.
You can add a Water Treatment system to reach 50-100PPM (Oil Content, Water after treatment unit). Or you send the water to slurry treatment company to treat for you.

GN Solids Control makes various sizes and types of decanter centrifuge for various applications. GN Solids Control various types of decanter centrifuge is designed for the drilling mud solids control and oilfield waste management. GN Solids Control VFD drive decanter centrifuge with variable speed allows drilling contractor or mud service companies to do the barite recovery, fine fine and ultra fine solids separation, dewatering centrifuge.

GN Solids Control makes the decanter centrifuge from 9 inch bowl to 22 inch bowl available for different applications. GN Solids Control decanter centrifuge bowl length and diameter ration is over 3, this gives the best result for the drilling fluids cleaning.

The smallest decanter centrifuge made by GN Solids Control is 9 inch. GN Solids Control makes 2 sizes of 9 inch bowl mini centrifuge. Besides GNLW224EP-VFD decanter centrifuge, GN Solids Control has another fixed speed decanter centrifuge with a shorter bowl length. The model type is GNLW223D.

The decanter centrifuge mostly supplied for the dewatering treatment process is GNLW224EP-VFD. The bowl of the centrifuge is 9 inch (220mm). As the compact design, GN Solids Control 9 inch decanter centrifuge is popular for client to use it in small capacity or limited space application for solids and liquid separation.

GN Solids Control 9 inch decanter centrifuge is also considered to be the ideal choice for experiment testing with decanter centrifuge. GN Solids Control 9 inch decanter centrifuge is optional in three types includes: fixed gear box drive, fully hydraulic drive, and variable frequency drive. GN Solids Control 9 inch decanter centrifuge is widely used for Industry Waste Water Treatment and for Diamond Core Drilling Fluids Treatment.

The centrifuge type is with 220mm diameter x 924 mm long Duplex Bowl. The duplex scroll with hardfacing and unique feed zone. Clients can also choose tungsten carbon tiles for more durable and for longer service time. The GNLW224EP-VFD decanter centrifuge is designed for 5000 RPM maximum speed, resulting in 3077 G force. While working with the VFD control panel, the type speed is ranging from 0 to 4500 RPM, and to generate maximum 2492 G force. All wetted area of GN decanter centrifuges are either Duplex or SS materials, all wear area’s are protected with replaceable Tungsten inserts.

Recently 2 sets of drilling waste management equipment are ready for shipment. They are customized for an Africa project. The drilling waste management equipment will be used to treat oil base mud and oil base drilling cuttings which generated from oil and gas drilling field. All equipment inside the waste management system are customized with client appointed color.

The 2 sets of drilling waste management equipment including following items:
1) Vertical cuttings dryer. Quantity: 2 sets. Model: GNCD930.
Vertical cuttings dryer is also called as vertical centrifuge. It is the major processing equipment to treat oil base mud and oil base cuttings. Vertical cuttings dryer can separate oil on the cuttings to 3% ~ 5%. Before vertical cuttings dryer treatment, the oil on the cuttings is around 10% ~ 20%. It means the vertical cuttings can recover more usable drilling mud with oil, which is valuable. More recovered oil means save more cost for clients. And further more, more recovered fluids means less wastes generated from the process. It can also save the cost of hazardous material shipment.

2) High speed decanter centrifuge. Quantity: 2 sets. Model: GNLW363C-VFD
GNLW363C-VFD is a 14inch high speed decanter centrifuge. It is the most popular size decanter centrifuge used for drilling mud solids control system and drilling waste management system. The typical speed of GNLW363 is 3200RPM. In some projects, clients want high speed decanter centrifuge over 3200RPM, GN Solids Control can also offer. The max. Typical speed of GNLW363 can up to 3600RPM. GN Solids Control can offer fixed speed control for 14inch decanter centrifuge for easy operation. GN Solids Control can also offer VFD control and FHD control for the 14 inch decanter centrifuge.

3) Screw conveyor. 4 sets. Each vertical cuttings dryer will use 2 screw conveyors. One screw conveyor is used to feed cuttings to vertical cuttings dryer. Another screw conveyor is used to transfer the discharged solids from vertical cuttings dryer.

Oil sludge treatment, oil base mud and drill cuttings treatment is the major product made by GN Solids Control. Some clients do not know the difference of Oil sludge treatment system and oil base cuttings treatment system. They want to know the difference and know how to choose the right separation equipment.

Normally for OBM cuttings treatment, clients will separate cuttings and recover usable drilling fluids, and sell the drilling fluids. It is 2-phase separation. While for oil sludge treatment, clients will separate oil, water and solids. They do 3-phase separation.

Below are some general information to let clients know more about the different and about the equipment choosing.

1) As 3-phase centrifuge can only allow slurry with max. 10% solids content and particle size less than 2mm, 2-phase decanter centrifuge is must to be used before 3-phase separation to reduce the mud weight and solids percentage. After 2-phase centrifuge separation, the oil, water and soil mixture slurry flow into 3-phase decanter centrifuge to get oil, water and soil.

2) In order to remove as more ultra fine solids as possible, chemical dosing unit will be used together with decanter centrifuges for dewantering flocculation treatment. We quote you the 3-tank antomatic chemical dosing unit. It is used for powder chemicals. If you will use liquid chemical, pls tell me to revise the quotation.

3) Per our communication on Whatsapp. The pre-separation equipment for OBM cuttings and oil sludge is different. For pure OBM cuttings from shale shaker and mud cleaner, Vertical cuttings dryer is better. It can reduce the oil on the cuttings to 3% ~ 5%. It can remove more usable liquid. And the solids discharge is very dry.

But vertical cuttings dryer cannot be used to treat the soil sludge discharged from centrifuge. As its screen basket opening is 0.5mm, 0.35mm and min. 0.25mm. The soil cake from centrifuge is very fine and will all pass the screen opening.

4) Oil sludge is normally the mixture from different application, like drilling mud, drilling cuttings, soil cake from centrifuge separation, tank bottom slurry, slope oil, refinery waste oil slurry, industry waste oil, etc… The solids size and solids content is more complex. In this case, high G drying shaker is used for pre-seperation. And as the oil slurry is more complex, sometime, need to dilute and heating the sludge before separation. The solids waste discharge from High G drying shaker is with higher oil on the cuttings after separation. For example, before treatment the sludge with 15~20% oil content. After high G drying shaker, maybe around 10~15%, or even higher if the sludge with high viscosity and density.

GN Solids Control waste management decanter centrifuge is specially designed for drilling cuttings and various waste material. It is widely used after high G drying shaker, Vertical cuttings dryer for drilling cuttings treatment. Or used together with chemical dosing system for dewatering treatment.
Compare with normal decanter centrifuge in China or from U.S, Europe, GN Solids Control decanter centrifuges have below advantages.

GN decanter centrifuge is made per international high standard specially designed for drill cuttings and waste management. Below are some necessary features. It is much more durable than economic standard. :

GN decanter centrifuge Bowl material is Duplex Stainless Steel 2304 and by centrifugal casting; While other Chinese brand or even U.S brand are normal SS304 or SS316 made by casting. GN material grade and processing technology are both better. It ensures a better dynamic balancing during high speed operation. So GN waste decanter centrifuge has less vibration compared with other brand centrifuges at the same working situation.

GN decanter centrifuge Screw Protection is Tungsten Carbide Tiles. It can last for longer life and is easier for replacement;

GN decanter centrifuge Solids Discharge is 360° type with wear protection with 6 fully covered tungsten carbide discharge wear liners. And it is interchangeable.

GN decanter centrifuge Liquid Discharge port is protected by adjustable Weir Plates. Operators can adjust the wetness per material situation.

All Bearings used in GN decanter centrifuges are from international top brand: Original SKF or FAG.

GN Solids Control special designed mobile skid is heavy duty telescopic skid with operation height 2800m, or 4100 per clients request. Both the feeding screw pump and VFD control panel can be mounted on the skid for easy movement. There are foldable walkways and guardrails make the skid easy for movement and easy for job site layout. And it is safe and convenience for operator to go up and down to check and centrifuge operation. Clients likes GN design much.

GN screw press dewatering unit is designed and made to treat sludge and sewage waste water. GN screw press dewatering machine is widely used in sewage treatment projects of municipal, aquaculture, food, starch, oil, pharmaceutical, chemical, paper, leather and other industries.

GN screw press dewatering unit is a kind of economic and environmental friendly sludge dewatering treatment product. It is a new type of sludge extrusion dewatering equipment by using the principle of screw extrusion, through the strong squeezing force generated by the change of screw diameter and screw pitch, and the tiny gap between the floating ring and the fixed ring, to realize solid-liquid separation.

GN dewatering screw press unit includes below items:
1.PLC Smart control electrical panels for automatic control.
2.Chemical enhancing dewatering system for mixing and dosing flocculants into the waste water, slurries or sewage.
3.Sludge thickening and dewatering device
4.Liquid collecting tank to receive the recovered water from the screw press treatment.

GN dewatering screw press unit is with automatic control technology, which can mix and enhance flocculants automatically. After chemical enhancing, the screw dewatering press unit can running continuously to complete the sludge thickening and squeezing, finally return or discharge the collected filtrate liquid.

Besides dewatering screw press unit, GN Solids Control also makes automatic tank cleaning system. GN system is running automatically after preset parameters of the control panel. By adding the right tested chemicals, operators can achieve a satisfied liquid separation result. It can save time and save water in this case to further save cost. Some users of automatic tank cleaning system mentioned that, before without the automatic tank cleaning system they took 4 ~ 5 workers to clean one tank with 4-6 hours, now they just need 2 workers to clean one in 2-3 hours. It saves 80% man power and operation time.

If clients could share some technical demands, GN Solids Control is willing to check with engineering team and offer a customized solution to suit for clients; projects.

GN Solids Control is a mainly focusing on liquids and solids separation. GN Solids Control is capable to make waste water treatment system. GN Solids Control can make waste water treatment system to treat both oil slurry and non-oil slurry. The separation system for oil surry and non-oil slurry is not the same.

GNWTU-50A is a waste water treatment Unit specially design and made by GN Solids Control. The waste water treatment Unit is a special designed system for construction mud settlement, as well as for industrial waste water settlement. The maximum discharge rate of the GNWTU-50A waste water treatment Unit up to 50m3/h. It is a system designed to treat non-oil slurry.

GNWTU-50A waste water treatment Unit can be used for medium size sites such as civil engineering projects, or building project, like piling, and micro tunneling etc…

After the chemical dosing separation application, the suspended solids content can be below 50 mg/liter. In this case the treated water can be either discharged into the public drainage system or recycled for further use. The treated water can be reused of as drilling fluid, vehicular washing bays, recharge of wells, toilets, cube curing, ponding tests. This saves a lot of cost for water and protects the environment.

GNWTU-50B Wastewater Treatment Unit is a special designed system for oil water and solids separation system. Maximum discharge rate of GNWTU-50B Wastewater Treatment Unit can up to 50m3/h. GNWTU-50B Wastewater Treatment Unit is designed for industry waste water with suspended solids and free oil.

The chemically enhanced separation reduces the suspended solids content below 50 mg/liter and free oil to be below 10 mg/liter.

In this case the treated water can be either discharged into the public drainage system or recycled for further use. The treated water can be reused as drilling fluid, vehicular washing bays, recharge of wells, toilets, cube curing, ponding tests or industrial applications.

This saves a lot of cost for water and protect the environment.

GN Solids Control is a professional manufacturer to make different sizes Solids Removal Variable Speed Centrifuge includes stand, feed pump and connecting hoses, and other processing equipment and accessory processing equipment before and after decanter centrifuge.

GN Solids Control makes Variable speed from 0 up to 4,000 RPM per different models. GN Solids Control is capacity to make both VFD control decanter centrifuge and full hydraulic drive (FHD) decanter centrifuge per meet clients’ request.
GN Solids Control brand decanter centrifuge is designed with high G-force to get a better separation performance.

GN Solids Control has big bowl decanter centrifuge vary from 18 inch to 22 inch, and max. to 30 inch for big fluid processing rate. In the world, few companies have the capability to make big bowl decanter centrifuge up to 30 inch. GN Solids Control is one of them who have the abilities.
GNLW553 VFD decanter centrifuge is a 22 inch bowl decanter.
GNLW453 VFD decanter centrifuge is a 18 inch decanter.
GNLW363 VFD decanter centrifuge is a 14 inch decanter.
Roughly, for the same conditions, 1 set 22inch decanter = 2 x 14 inch decanter centrifuge.

And 1 set 18 inch decanter = 1.4 x 14 inch decanter. The operators cannot expect to use an 18 inch decanter centrifuge to replace 2 x 14 inch decanter or to replace a 22 inch decanter.

GN Solids Control 14 inch, 18 inch and 22 inch decanter centrifuge can all be used for heavy mud solids control. And also some clients want to use the decanter centrifuge for different applications like for barite recovery, HGS (high gravity solids), LGS (low gravity solids), waste management, and dewatering treatment, or other different applications, the centrifuge features are not all the same. When GN Solids Control makes the design for standard models, GN Solids Control need to balance the performance for all the situations. If clients have fixed applications with the centrifuge, suggest clients to share the information to GN Solids Control sales engineer before order to get and best solution to suit for the projects and maximized the separation performance.

 

GNLW363 FHD centrifuge is a Full Hydraulic Drive decanter centrifuge. It is designed to remove low specific gravity solids from slurries. After the FHD centrifuge separation, the solids are removed and the liquid is returned for recirculation. Like in the drilling mud system, the recovered slurry is drilling fluids, it can be reused in drilling mud system, in waste water treatment system, the recovered slurry is water, which can be reused in the waste water treatment plant. And in some cases, like in the barite recovery treatment, the solids are returned to the active system and the liquid is discarded, or goes to further treatment processing.

GNLW363C-FHD decanter centrifuge is fully hydraulic drive. Th Full hydraulic driven system is imported from leading brand from Switzerland. The bowl speed and conveyer speed of GN FHD decanter centrifuge is adjustable within the permitted range. It can achieve independent, step-less and large-range speed regulation for the bowl and conveying. The bowl speed and conveyer speed during working is showing on the screen.

The advantage of the full hydraulic drive centrifuge is for use in high temperature ambient for heavy mud with flexible bowl and differential speed. The compact one skid design makes it easier for rig up.

GN FHD decanter centrifuge is composed of bowl assembly, collection box, hydraulic drive system, electrical control panel, drive motor, vibration switch (optional), case, base assembly, and skid.

During decanter centrifuge operation, drilling mud or slurry is pumped through the feed tube into the center of the rotating conveyor, where it splashes against the feed accelerator. Screw pump is widely used as feeding pump for decanter centrifuge, besides screw pump, centrifugal pump and submers. The high velocity slurry is then dispersed out four feed nozzles mounted in the periphery of the conveyor cylinder. Rotating at a higher speed than the conveyor, the bowl creates an additional shearing effect, which further increases the slurry’s acceleration. The depth of the slurry in the bowl (pond depth) is determined by the setting of weirs on the liquid bowl head (large end of the bowl).