Dec 17

An electric motor will generator big electric current during starting; the sudden current may cause sudden voltage drop down, and cause other unexpected bad effects, or damage the equipment. So it’s important and necessary to choose the suitable starting method for functional and cost-effective control system.

Direct online (DOL) starter
Direct online starter is the simplest and cheapest way of electric motor starting. Magnetic starter control panels is the post popular type of Direct online starter. DOL starting is simply switching the motor on in one operation, with a direct connection from the power source. But it can only be used for small motors. For oil and gas drilling mud systems, only the motors less than 30kw will use DOL starting. For big power motors, if there is already an effective control to start and stop the motor, a DOL starter can be used as the second control.

Star-delta starting
In oil and gas drilling field, start-delta starting are normally used for motors between 30kw to 75kw, like for pumps. When we mentioned star-delta starter, the motor is first connected in ‘star’ configuration, which allows the motor to gather speed without drawing excessive current. Once the motor is up to speed (or a preset time is elapsed) it is then connected in the normal ‘delta’ configuration. This method can reduce the starting current demand by 30%, but is only suited to applications where the motor is starting without load .

Soft starting
Soft starters are more expensive than DOL and star-delta. A soft starter is an electronic components which controls the voltage flowing to the motor when startup. Soft starter can slowly increase the supply voltage to the motor, and start the motor smoothly without overcurrent.

Variable frequency speed drives (VFD control)
A variable frequency speed drive (VFD), also known as a VSD or VVVF, which allows complete control of the motor speed including starting and stopping. It operates by changing the frequency of the power supplied to the motor. And the motor can be run at any speed, so VFD drive control can save power, and control the driving speed. Variable frequency drives are the most expensive method for motor starters. And it can be used to control running speed of the machine, like for decanter centrifuges, vertical cuttings dryers, screw conveyors, etc…

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Dec 12

Recently a customer has some questions about GN Electric Ignition Device. They contacted GN people and GN replied. Below are the major communication between GN and operator of the ignition device.

Client’s Questions 1: I presume the solenoid valve will close once the ignition is activated or should we close it on remote. This is for preserving the gas for future use. ( we may have to ignite several times during well kill operation as we get gases intermittently-H2s Laden gas)
Reply from GN Solids Control: Once you start up the igniter and it is firing stably, the solenoid valve can be closed for saving gas. As the gas tank is small size. It is only 5kg. You can ignite again in case you need with the wireless controller.

Client’s Questions 2: As the vent line is from the top of gas buster and then connected to the igniter which will be about 6 to 8 ft high. This forms a “U” section for the vent line and liquids remaining cannot be cleared out, which gives resistance for any gas vented out and blow back into gas buster. Any solution for this. Any bypass is recommended to drain out these fluids?
Reply from GN Solids Control: What kind of gas buster you used? Mostly, the igniter is connected to mud gas separator. The vent line on top of the mud gas separator. Liquid is impossible to go inside.

Client’s Questions 3: As the igniter is kept in open position, we may also end up with sand and also rain water ( in deserts) inside the igniter. Can we intermittently flush the system with water. Is it safe for the system electrics. In case we flush, then we will definitely have a reservoir of water in the vent line and adding up sand will only plug the system.
Reply from GN Solids Control: You do not need to flush the igniter. It will not be blocked. There is a screen on top of the Igniter burner pipe to prevent big sizes blocks or stuffs fall inside.
There is a drain port with ball valve (JB/T 308 PN16DN20QB) at the bottom point of the Igniter elbow connection pipe. You should open the ball valve to drain the pipe timely to release sands/rain.

Client’s Questions 4: What would you recommend to avoid getting into critical situations at the Rig.
Reply from GN Solids Control: If you will not use the Igniter for a longer time. It is better to close all valves, and cover the Igniter burner with rainproof cloth or plastic bag, to prevent it from rain/sands.

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Nov 25

GN Solids Control makes different sizes of decanter centrifuge:

1) The 9 inch mini size decanter centrifuge: GNLW223, GNLW224 series. It is mainly for waste water and mining industry separation.

2) The 14 inch most popular size decanter centrifuge: GNLW363 series. The size is widely used in oil and gas drilling and for industry separation.

3) The 18 inch big bowl centrifuge for bigger capacity: GNLW452 series low speed big bowl and GNLW453 series high speed centrifuge.

4) The 22 inch big bowl centrifuge for waste management and industry waste application: GNLW553 and GNLW554 series

5) The largest size GN Solids Control does make is 30 inch: GNLW764 series.

GN Solids Control offers different design for centrifuge driving systems: fixed speed motor drive system, variable frequency drive system (VFD centrifuge), and full hydraulic drive system (FHD centrifuge). No matter what kind of driving system, GN Solids Control will include the pump driving control inside the centrifuge control panels.

But sometimes, clients want to use their existing pumps, if they use the pump control inside GN centrifuge control system, it will be fine. In some cases, clients use their old pump control panel with their own pump. In will cause overload of the centrifuge. It is not recommended. Why the centrifuge feeding must be inside the centrifuge control panel?

There is safety protection inside the centrifuge control system. If the pump control is related to the centrifuge control (main motor drive and back drive motor), in case the centrifuge is overload, and the current will be increased. When the current increase over the setup data, centrifuge control system will adjust its control: to reduce the pump speed to reduce the feeding. When the pump feeding capacity to centrifuge is smaller, the current increasing will be reduced. When the current drop down to a setup safety data, the centrifuge control system will increase the pump speed to increase pump feeding, the centrifuge can handle a bigger capacity that it can do.

If clients want to use their own pump to feed the centrifuge, it must be for sure to relate and interlock their pump control to the centrifuge control. It can avoid overload and protect the centrifuge well.

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Nov 03

API Shale shaker screens conforms to API RP 13C

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There are many parameters to judge a shaker screen performance, like non-blanked area (usable screen area), conductance, API size (screen opening), mesh size, etc… All these parameters will caused different performance of the replacement screens and the effect the shale shaker performance. There are so many manufacturers for replacement screens, how the users select the right screens for his applications?

API RP 13C is the international recognized standard for replacement shaker screen manufacturing. It means that, if the replacement screens are made per international API RP 13C standard, it ensures that, for the same screen models, the same API size of from different suppliers are all interchangeable.
Why it is the same API size screens are interchangeable for the same screen model? We will be clear after we know the definition of the screen parameters.

1) Mesh size: the size is only determine the hole quantity per square inch on the screen mesh. It depends more on the technology of screen making and the wire cloth size.

2) Conductance (unit: kd/mm). It defines the ability of fluids can go through the screen wiremesh. For the same screen, a bigger conductance means bigger capacity to handle drilling fluids.

3) The non-blanked area of a screen means the usable area of the screen to allow the drilling fluids going through. Generally speaking, the more non-blanked area, the better of the screen handling capacity.

4) The API size of the screen: As per API RP 13C Standard, if the Cut Point is within the same range, it will be defined as the same API size. It can be used as equivalent screen. Like all screens with cut point bigger than 165 microns but smaller than 196 microns can all be defined as API 80.

So the screen manufactured by different suppliers, no matter Chinese maker or U.S maker, no matter GN Solids Control,  Swaco, Derrick or Brandt, the same API screen will all be replaceable even if the Mesh size , or Part No is different.

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Sep 29

Oil Sludge processing systems

Oil Sludge processing system
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GN Solids Control is the world’s leading manufacturer of solids control equipment and mud recovery systems. As a leading manufacturer of shale shakers, mud cleaners, decanter centrifuges, cutting dryers, centrifugal pumps, etc., GN’s brands and products are available. More and more international customers are recognized. The GND system consists of a two-layer mud shaker, two hydrocyclones, a centrifugal pump, a tank and an electrical control system. The system can effectively separate solids and liquids, reduce the solid waste content in the drilling mud, make the cuttings drier, easy to transport, environmentally friendly and easy to handle. The entire system is very compact and armored, very economical and value for money.

We have been working hard to develop different markets for our Oil Sludge processing systems. The scope comes from waste management companies, drilling waste treatment companies, and oil companies and oilfield service companies. The first stage separation of the system is a two-layer mud vibrating screen. When the mud enters the lower layer of the screen, large solids will be separated from the mud. Fine solids and mud will fall into the tank, and the mud will pass through the centrifuge. The pump draws in two hydrocyclones that work like a sand remover to separate the solids size to 40 microns. The solids separated by the hydrocyclone will fall onto the upper deck of the shale shaker and the solids will be further dried for disposal. The clean mud separated by the hydrocyclone will fly back to the tank and be pumped back to the wellbore for reuse and recycling. The basic configuration of the mud recovery system is a two-layer mud shaker, two hydrocyclones for sand removal, a centrifugal pump, a mud tank and some other components. Visit our website at www.gnsolidsamerica.com for more information, please send your questions to USA@gnsolidscontrol.com

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Sep 07

decanter centrifuge

Decanter Centrifuge
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GN Solids Control is one of the largest solids control and waste management companies specializing in the production of related equipment such as shale shakers, desanders, desilters, mud cleaners, vacuum degassers, mud gas separators, sedimentation centrifuges Machine, agitator, centrifugal pump, cutting dryer, screw pump, shear pump, mud gun, etc. After 10 years of development, GN has promoted its products to more than 60 countries and now has two overseas subsidiaries in the US and Russia.

Of all the products in the range, the decanter centrifuge is one of the most popular products for GN customers. Now GN can not only manufacture the traditional 363 centrifuge with a 14-inch bowl, but also make a larger bowl size GNLW553 with a bowl size of 22 inches. The equipment can be used to process water-based mud, oil-based mud systems, dewatering and recovery of barite. This device also has some great features: it is VFD controlled and offers operators a variety of solutions to adapt to changing field operations. The duplex stainless steel bowl is centrifugally cast and has good centrifugal balance and corrosion resistance. The surface of all screw conveyors is protected by tungsten carbide bricks that protect the entire length of the screw conveyor. They can work in a super hot desert environment. The VFD control system is provided by SIEMENS or ABB. All bearings used in the centrifuge are made of SFK quality bearings to ensure longer life and more reliable operation. All motors and control panels are explosion-proof and certified for use in Zone 1 and Zone 2 hazardous areas. The 553 decanter centrifuge will be a star product for handling large volumes of liquid and solids separation work. More and more customers are showing great interest in this. This is a basic introduction to the large bowl type decanter centrifuge 553.

I hope it will be useful to you. We will do our best to help your business succeed. Welcome to www.gnsolidsamerica.com and send your questions to USA@gnsolidscontrol.com

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Aug 19

The intelligent control variable frequency positive pressure cabinet is integrated with HMI, PLC and frequency converter. It can realize the frequency conversion control mode of the mud centrifuge, which makes the operation more humanized. The customer can select different speed and difference speed according to the material conditions on site.

 

The automatic control makes the equipment more widely applicable to the site. The customer sets the centrifuge main engine speed 0-3200r/min according to different materials, and the differential speed is adjusted at 10-45r/min. The state screen automatically reminds the centrifuge maintenance parts to be regularly maintained. The alarm compensates for the damage caused by the negligence of the staff; the alarm screen shows the fault alarm when the electrical equipment has a problem, and the user can better find the problem in time.

PLC smart control VFD centrifuge

PLC smart control VFD centrifuge

Positive pressure control cabinet operation has more clean instrument air than previous explosion-proof frequency conversion cabinets. For most customers, it seems more troublesome than the explosion-proof control cabinet. It is more reasonable from the following points:

  1. Performance and heat dissipation of the inverter (take ABB inverter as an example)

Because of the working principle, the inverter needs to dissipate a large amount of heat during normal operation. Under normal circumstances, the inverter works best at a constant temperature (generally 40-50 °c). How is this heat in a closed space? In order to pass, there are usually two ways; a) heat exchange b) cooling by the outside world.

 

A), explosion-proof inverter for heat exchange:

 

Explosion-proof inverter

B), positive pressure ventilation type control cabinet

 

Positive pressure ventilation type control cabinet

 

  1. We are in terms of explosion-proof performance
  2. A) Explosion-proof type explosion-proof:

 

In the case of this explosion-proof mode, the explosive gas can enter the casing, but the flame gas cannot propagate to the outside through the joint surface in the event of an explosion, that is, the explosion-proof body can prevent the flame in the box from spreading outward after the explosion, but Explosion inside the cabinet can damage the components and is also a loss.

 

B), positive pressure type explosion-proof control cabinet

 

Through this method, the pressure of the internal instrument to enter the clean instrument gas is higher than the outside, that is, the pressure inside the box is higher than that outside the box, and the explosive mixture of the outside can not enter the tank or the concentration of the explosive gas entering the explosion limit. , so there will be no bad explosion at all.

 

The total positive pressure explosion-proof control cabinet seems to be more troublesome than the explosion-proof control cabinet, but it is safe and reasonable.

Engineers can choose according to different equipment use site requirements

More question,welcome contact GN solids control

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Aug 12

GN solid control coalbed methane and non-excavation mud recovery system

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As a domestic manufacturer specializing in solid-liquid separation research, GN has become a well-known brand at home and abroad through more than ten years of efforts. In addition to mud separation in oil drilling and natural gas drilling, the solid control equipment we studied can also be applied to coalbed methane, mud-solid separation of non-excavation horizontal directional crossing, and different from oil-gas drilling solid-liquid separation, coal seam Mud solid-liquid separation of gas drilling and non-excavation directional drilling requires only the primary and secondary or tertiary filtration of the solid control system to meet the requirements.

Solid control equipment for coalbed methane and non-excavation fields, including vibrating screens, desanders, and desilters. Sometimes, in order to save space, the vibrating screen and the desilter, or the vibrating screen and the desander can be integrated. This forms a desander or desilter on the double vibrating screen and the vibrating screen. The bottom sieve is used as a conventional vibrating screen for primary filtration, and the upper sieve is mainly used to dry solid phase particles filtered by a desilter.

GN’s mud recovery systems for CBM and non-excavation mainly have the following characteristics:

  1. The mud recovery system classifies the following major categories of products that have formed the standard according to the throughput:

 

  • GNMS-200G processing capacity is 200GPM, 50m 3 /h
  • GNMS-350G processing capacity is 350GPM, 80m 3 /h
  • GNMS-500B/G/GL throughput is 500GPM, 120m 3 /h
  • GNMS-1000G processing capacity is 1000GPM, 240m 3 /h
  • GNMS-1000GL processing capacity 1000GPM, 240m 3 /h
  1. The tank mode of the system is: armored type, standard container type, hydraulic lifting type. To meet the needs of the customer site.
  2. Security protection. All electric control boxes are equipped with explosion-proof electric control box, which is more suitable for field work environment and ensure personal safety. All tanks are protected by foldable guardrails
  3. Technical support. The company provides comprehensive pre-sales technical guidance, installation, commissioning, after-sales maintenance and professional services.

More question,welcome contact GN solids control

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Aug 10

Development trend of drilling mud not falling

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With the increasing requirements of domestic environmental protection, the petroleum industry has also put forward the call for clean production. The disposal requirements for the waste mud generated during the drilling of diamond oil and the completion fluid after completion are required to meet the national emission standards. Allowing for emissions, in the past two years, the mud-free system has begun to show great development. There are many mud-non-flooring processes and treatment solutions in the country. As the market continues to expand, the process is gradually unified. At the same time, the process and processing equipment of GN solid control has also been recognized by customers and sold to various markets.

GN Solid Control is a leading manufacturer of solid control and mud non-floor equipment in China. And relying on the overall system design of the equipment design, the products are sold and applied in more than 70 countries and regions. GN solid control products have won unanimous praise from domestic and foreign customers with advanced technology, leading technology, stable operation effect and perfect after-sales service.

In view of the diversification of oilfield sites at home and abroad, limited by the layout of the well site, GN Solid Control has developed a modular, independent waste that adapts to various environments based on years of experience in the design and production of solid-state control equipment and mud-free system. Slurry Handling Unit System: This solution places the vertical cutting dryer, centrifuge and shaker screen on separate squats and lifting platforms. This kind of scheme can be applied to the working conditions with complicated geological conditions. The operator can randomly match different mud non-landing equipment according to the different conditions of the abandoned mud, and maximize the utilization of resources as much as possible.

The conventional mud non-floor system mainly consists of the following main equipment: drill chip dryer module, drying sieve module, centrifuge module, material conveying module, dosing flocculation module, curing module.

As more and more drilling is done, the mud will not become more and more solutions will become more and more important

More question,welcome contact GN solids control

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Jul 29

GN solid control intelligent control positive pressure frequency conversion cabinet is a combination of HMI, PLC and frequency converter. It can realize the equipment frequency conversion control mode, making the operation more humanized. Customers can choose different speed and difference speed according to the material conditions on site.

 

The automatic control makes the equipment more widely applicable to the site. The customer sets the running speed of the equipment according to different materials, and the difference speed is arbitrarily adjusted. The status screen automatically reminds the equipment maintenance parts of the regular maintenance alarm to make up for the damage caused by the negligence of the staff; The alarm screen shows the fault alarm when there is a problem with the electrical equipment, which is the better way for the user to find the problem in time.

PLC Touch screen for VFD centrifuge

PLC Touch screen for VFD centrifuge

Logic protection: (GN solid control GNLW363 mud centrifuge operation as an example)

Start: When the auxiliary machine starts for about 10s, the host starts to start slowly. After 30s, the slurry pump is allowed to start. The main and auxiliary machines do not start. The slurry pump cannot be started. Stop: After the slurry pump stops, the main and auxiliary machines can be stopped. After the host stops the speed to zero, the auxiliary machine can stop, providing better protection for the operation of the equipment.

 

First, the operation steps:

  1. The HMI automatically enters the main interface after power-on;
  2. Main interface Click the “Flush” button to select the flush mode. If the flush mode is not selected, the device cannot be started.
  3. Click “Back to Home” and the interface will return to the home page.
  4. Click the “Operation Interface” button to enter the operation interface;

5, set the host speed, differential speed, press the start button, as shown below;

  1. After the centrifuge is working normally, in the above picture, click “Parameter Setting” to enter, and set the parameters of the slurry pump;
  2. Set the corresponding parameters according to the nameplate of the motor of the slurry pump;
  3. After the parameter setting is completed, press the “Back” button to return to the operation interface;
  4. Select the starting mode of the pump in the operation interface. For example, select manual control, input the running flow of the pump, press the start button to start the normal operation of the slurry pump;
  5. If the slurry pump is selected for automatic control, at this time, the pump flow rate will not be input, and the pump will automatically work under the pump rated parameters;
  6. Stopping the equipment: In the operation interface, press the pump stop button, the pump starts to stop slowly, and then the button main and auxiliary machine stop button devices stop working slowly;
  7. If the slurry pump is not stopped, the stop button of the main and auxiliary machines of the centrifuge is invalid;
  8. If the “shutdown flush mode” is selected in the flush mode, after stopping the feed pump, press the main and auxiliary machine stop buttons, the flushing solenoid valve will open automatically (note that the water clear line is in the on state), after 10 minutes of washing, the main, The auxiliary machine will slowly slow down and stop;

There may be some differences in the use of different batches of equipment, but the protection principle remains unchanged.

More question,welcome contact GN solids control

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