Nov 03

There are many parameters to judge a shaker screen performance, like non-blanked area (usable screen area), conductance, API size (screen opening), mesh size, etc… All these parameters will caused different performance of the replacement screens and the effect the shale shaker performance. There are so many manufacturers for replacement screens, how the users select the right screens for his applications?

API RP 13C is the international recognized standard for replacement shaker screen manufacturing. It means that, if the replacement screens are made per international API RP 13C standard, it ensures that, for the same screen models, the same API size of from different suppliers are all interchangeable.
Why it is the same API size screens are interchangeable for the same screen model? We will be clear after we know the definition of the screen parameters.

1) Mesh size: the size is only determine the hole quantity per square inch on the screen mesh. It depends more on the technology of screen making and the wire cloth size.

2) Conductance (unit: kd/mm). It defines the ability of fluids can go through the screen wiremesh. For the same screen, a bigger conductance means bigger capacity to handle drilling fluids.

3) The non-blanked area of a screen means the usable area of the screen to allow the drilling fluids going through. Generally speaking, the more non-blanked area, the better of the screen handling capacity.

4) The API size of the screen: As per API RP 13C Standard, if the Cut Point is within the same range, it will be defined as the same API size. It can be used as equivalent screen. Like all screens with cut point bigger than 165 microns but smaller than 196 microns can all be defined as API 80.

So the screen manufactured by different suppliers, no matter Chinese maker or U.S maker, no matter GN Solids Control,  Swaco, Derrick or Brandt, the same API screen will all be replaceable even if the Mesh size , or Part No is different.

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Aug 19

The intelligent control variable frequency positive pressure cabinet is integrated with HMI, PLC and frequency converter. It can realize the frequency conversion control mode of the mud centrifuge, which makes the operation more humanized. The customer can select different speed and difference speed according to the material conditions on site.

 

The automatic control makes the equipment more widely applicable to the site. The customer sets the centrifuge main engine speed 0-3200r/min according to different materials, and the differential speed is adjusted at 10-45r/min. The state screen automatically reminds the centrifuge maintenance parts to be regularly maintained. The alarm compensates for the damage caused by the negligence of the staff; the alarm screen shows the fault alarm when the electrical equipment has a problem, and the user can better find the problem in time.

PLC smart control VFD centrifuge

PLC smart control VFD centrifuge

Positive pressure control cabinet operation has more clean instrument air than previous explosion-proof frequency conversion cabinets. For most customers, it seems more troublesome than the explosion-proof control cabinet. It is more reasonable from the following points:

  1. Performance and heat dissipation of the inverter (take ABB inverter as an example)

Because of the working principle, the inverter needs to dissipate a large amount of heat during normal operation. Under normal circumstances, the inverter works best at a constant temperature (generally 40-50 °c). How is this heat in a closed space? In order to pass, there are usually two ways; a) heat exchange b) cooling by the outside world.

 

A), explosion-proof inverter for heat exchange:

 

Explosion-proof inverter

B), positive pressure ventilation type control cabinet

 

Positive pressure ventilation type control cabinet

 

  1. We are in terms of explosion-proof performance
  2. A) Explosion-proof type explosion-proof:

 

In the case of this explosion-proof mode, the explosive gas can enter the casing, but the flame gas cannot propagate to the outside through the joint surface in the event of an explosion, that is, the explosion-proof body can prevent the flame in the box from spreading outward after the explosion, but Explosion inside the cabinet can damage the components and is also a loss.

 

B), positive pressure type explosion-proof control cabinet

 

Through this method, the pressure of the internal instrument to enter the clean instrument gas is higher than the outside, that is, the pressure inside the box is higher than that outside the box, and the explosive mixture of the outside can not enter the tank or the concentration of the explosive gas entering the explosion limit. , so there will be no bad explosion at all.

 

The total positive pressure explosion-proof control cabinet seems to be more troublesome than the explosion-proof control cabinet, but it is safe and reasonable.

Engineers can choose according to different equipment use site requirements

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Aug 12

As a domestic manufacturer specializing in solid-liquid separation research, GN has become a well-known brand at home and abroad through more than ten years of efforts. In addition to mud separation in oil drilling and natural gas drilling, the solid control equipment we studied can also be applied to coalbed methane, mud-solid separation of non-excavation horizontal directional crossing, and different from oil-gas drilling solid-liquid separation, coal seam Mud solid-liquid separation of gas drilling and non-excavation directional drilling requires only the primary and secondary or tertiary filtration of the solid control system to meet the requirements.

Solid control equipment for coalbed methane and non-excavation fields, including vibrating screens, desanders, and desilters. Sometimes, in order to save space, the vibrating screen and the desilter, or the vibrating screen and the desander can be integrated. This forms a desander or desilter on the double vibrating screen and the vibrating screen. The bottom sieve is used as a conventional vibrating screen for primary filtration, and the upper sieve is mainly used to dry solid phase particles filtered by a desilter.

GN’s mud recovery systems for CBM and non-excavation mainly have the following characteristics:

  1. The mud recovery system classifies the following major categories of products that have formed the standard according to the throughput:

 

  • GNMS-200G processing capacity is 200GPM, 50m 3 /h
  • GNMS-350G processing capacity is 350GPM, 80m 3 /h
  • GNMS-500B/G/GL throughput is 500GPM, 120m 3 /h
  • GNMS-1000G processing capacity is 1000GPM, 240m 3 /h
  • GNMS-1000GL processing capacity 1000GPM, 240m 3 /h
  1. The tank mode of the system is: armored type, standard container type, hydraulic lifting type. To meet the needs of the customer site.
  2. Security protection. All electric control boxes are equipped with explosion-proof electric control box, which is more suitable for field work environment and ensure personal safety. All tanks are protected by foldable guardrails
  3. Technical support. The company provides comprehensive pre-sales technical guidance, installation, commissioning, after-sales maintenance and professional services.

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Aug 10

With the increasing requirements of domestic environmental protection, the petroleum industry has also put forward the call for clean production. The disposal requirements for the waste mud generated during the drilling of diamond oil and the completion fluid after completion are required to meet the national emission standards. Allowing for emissions, in the past two years, the mud-free system has begun to show great development. There are many mud-non-flooring processes and treatment solutions in the country. As the market continues to expand, the process is gradually unified. At the same time, the process and processing equipment of GN solid control has also been recognized by customers and sold to various markets.

GN Solid Control is a leading manufacturer of solid control and mud non-floor equipment in China. And relying on the overall system design of the equipment design, the products are sold and applied in more than 70 countries and regions. GN solid control products have won unanimous praise from domestic and foreign customers with advanced technology, leading technology, stable operation effect and perfect after-sales service.

In view of the diversification of oilfield sites at home and abroad, limited by the layout of the well site, GN Solid Control has developed a modular, independent waste that adapts to various environments based on years of experience in the design and production of solid-state control equipment and mud-free system. Slurry Handling Unit System: This solution places the vertical cutting dryer, centrifuge and shaker screen on separate squats and lifting platforms. This kind of scheme can be applied to the working conditions with complicated geological conditions. The operator can randomly match different mud non-landing equipment according to the different conditions of the abandoned mud, and maximize the utilization of resources as much as possible.

The conventional mud non-floor system mainly consists of the following main equipment: drill chip dryer module, drying sieve module, centrifuge module, material conveying module, dosing flocculation module, curing module.

As more and more drilling is done, the mud will not become more and more solutions will become more and more important

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Jul 29

GN solid control intelligent control positive pressure frequency conversion cabinet is a combination of HMI, PLC and frequency converter. It can realize the equipment frequency conversion control mode, making the operation more humanized. Customers can choose different speed and difference speed according to the material conditions on site.

 

The automatic control makes the equipment more widely applicable to the site. The customer sets the running speed of the equipment according to different materials, and the difference speed is arbitrarily adjusted. The status screen automatically reminds the equipment maintenance parts of the regular maintenance alarm to make up for the damage caused by the negligence of the staff; The alarm screen shows the fault alarm when there is a problem with the electrical equipment, which is the better way for the user to find the problem in time.

PLC Touch screen for VFD centrifuge

PLC Touch screen for VFD centrifuge

Logic protection: (GN solid control GNLW363 mud centrifuge operation as an example)

Start: When the auxiliary machine starts for about 10s, the host starts to start slowly. After 30s, the slurry pump is allowed to start. The main and auxiliary machines do not start. The slurry pump cannot be started. Stop: After the slurry pump stops, the main and auxiliary machines can be stopped. After the host stops the speed to zero, the auxiliary machine can stop, providing better protection for the operation of the equipment.

 

First, the operation steps:

  1. The HMI automatically enters the main interface after power-on;
  2. Main interface Click the “Flush” button to select the flush mode. If the flush mode is not selected, the device cannot be started.
  3. Click “Back to Home” and the interface will return to the home page.
  4. Click the “Operation Interface” button to enter the operation interface;

5, set the host speed, differential speed, press the start button, as shown below;

  1. After the centrifuge is working normally, in the above picture, click “Parameter Setting” to enter, and set the parameters of the slurry pump;
  2. Set the corresponding parameters according to the nameplate of the motor of the slurry pump;
  3. After the parameter setting is completed, press the “Back” button to return to the operation interface;
  4. Select the starting mode of the pump in the operation interface. For example, select manual control, input the running flow of the pump, press the start button to start the normal operation of the slurry pump;
  5. If the slurry pump is selected for automatic control, at this time, the pump flow rate will not be input, and the pump will automatically work under the pump rated parameters;
  6. Stopping the equipment: In the operation interface, press the pump stop button, the pump starts to stop slowly, and then the button main and auxiliary machine stop button devices stop working slowly;
  7. If the slurry pump is not stopped, the stop button of the main and auxiliary machines of the centrifuge is invalid;
  8. If the “shutdown flush mode” is selected in the flush mode, after stopping the feed pump, press the main and auxiliary machine stop buttons, the flushing solenoid valve will open automatically (note that the water clear line is in the on state), after 10 minutes of washing, the main, The auxiliary machine will slowly slow down and stop;

There may be some differences in the use of different batches of equipment, but the protection principle remains unchanged.

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Jul 14

GN solid control is the first manufacturer of mud solid-control equipment in the country to pass the EU CE certification export standard qualification. The EU’s export certification standard is undoubtedly a high standard for internationalization. Through years of hard work and practice, GN solid control has been unanimously recognized and praised by European certification bodies, and won the continuous orders of European users. GN manufacturing is undoubtedly the first professional manufacturing of China’s drilling solid control equipment into the European market. Business. China’s high-end equipment manufacturing industry is generally lower than the manufacturing level of Europe and the United States, starting late, unable to master the core technology is a high threshold for many manufacturers, GN solid control is the first to go abroad to actively learn and innovate, after more than 10 years of efforts GN produced Equipment has been exported to more than 70 countries and regions around the world.

The GN SB Series Centrifugal pumps are used for transferring slurry or mud or water. They can be used as the feed pump for a desander or desilter, or used as a mixing pump for a Jet mud mixer. They can also be used as a trip pump or supercharging pump for the rig mud pump. All GN model centrifugal pumps use tungsten carbide mechanical seals and use bearings from first tier international suppliers. Spare parts are interchangeable with the commonly used international brand pumps which helps the customer to source spare parts easily. The open impeller design lowers axial thrust loads and make it easier for installation, repair and maintenance.

 

At present, GN has conducted research and research in the international market this year, and has innovated and developed a variety of mud processing equipment with world-class levels. Centrifugal sand pump is one of the core products with high standard and high performance.

 

 

GNSB series sand pumps are mainly used for mud and sewage transportation. They can be used as mud supply for solid-liquid separation equipment, including desanders, desilters, centrifuges, filter presses, filters, mixing funnels, etc. All GN sand pumps are mechanically sealed and the wear parts are made of wear-resistant alloy ductile iron. The base is integrally cast, and the GN sand pump has the advantages of high interchangeability and high universality. The material has high hardness and wear resistance and has a service life of more than 20% higher than that of ordinary sand pumps. All components and currents are 100% interchangeable with international major brand sand pumps.

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Jul 07

The GN solid-control oil-water separation unit is an important part of the GN oil-containing sludge waste treatment system. The main function is to separate the pre-soil sludge waste mixture, and the supernatant liquid discharged from the high-frequency drying sieve and the horizontal screw centrifuge for the secondary oil-water separation treatment. The treatment effect is obvious, and can meet the reuse requirements of oil and water alone recovery on site. GN Solid Control Oil Water Separation Unit is a high performance, coalescing design for removing free and dispersed oil droplets from oily wastewater.

  1. Structure and principle

The GN solid-control oil-water separation device divides the oil-water mixture into the oil-water separation water inlet zone and spreads the distribution. The mixture enters a coalescing packing medium in which a laminar flow and a sinusoidal flow are established and the oil invades the surface of the corrugated coalescing filler. As the fine oil droplets accumulate, they coalesce into larger oil droplets that rise upward through the coalescing corrugations until they reach the top of the coalescing filler where the oil droplets separate and rise to the surface of the water. At the same time, the solid encounters the coalescing filler and slides down the corrugations, falling into the V-shaped hopper under the corrugated coalescing filler.

Gravity separation is performed using the difference in density between oil and water. The oil is separated from the liquid at a rate explained by the Stokes sedimentation law. The formula predicts that at a certain distance, the oil droplets will rapidly rise or settle through the water depending on the density and size of the oil droplet size.

  1. Features 1) Can be used alone or in combination with other treatment processes (such as emulsification cracking, dissolved air flotation system and clarifier pretreatment). 2) Compact structure and small footprint. 3) The oil-water separator can be transported out of the next stage by gravity or by pump.

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Jun 30

Unlike drilling waste disposal systems, the separation of waste water requires a lower differential speed (pushing speed).

Why can’t the differential speed (pushing speed) be used in wastewater treatment?

1) First, the high differential speed (pushing speed) completely mixes the liquid and the solid; the entire slurry centrifuge will work like a mixing mixer instead of an effective solid-liquid separation device.

2) Secondly, chemical agents are added to the waste water that is usually separated. High differential speed (pushing speed) will cause part of the drug to be lost in the liquid outlet.

3) In addition, if chemicals are added to the waste water before it enters the centrifuge, it will produce foam in the centrifuge.

Therefore, if your centrifuge has experienced the above problems, you may need to consider reducing the differential speed (pushing speed).

Mud centrifuge

For the GN solid control decanter centrifuges, the main drive motor is converted to stock through a differential drive centrifuge. The auxiliary motor directly drives the auger and the differential with a fixed operating speed.

 

So, how can you reduce the differential speed of the centrifuge (pushing speed)?

1) First of all, because of the differential speed (pushing speed), the quantitative relationship between the auxiliary motor and the differential, the speed of the transfer can be reduced to reduce the differential speed (pushing speed). With the large batches of GN solid-PLC PLC intelligent control frequency-changing cabinet settling centrifuges put on the market, the speed of the conversion can be directly reduced on the frequency conversion control cabinet. For fixed speed centrifuges, the centrifuge pulley can be changed to reduce the differential speed (pushing speed). This is the approach taken by many professional mud service companies because they are familiar with the operation and maintenance of centrifuges. The fixed speed is lower cost. For the new centrifuge users, PLC intelligent control of variable frequency centrifuges is a better choice to achieve better separation results.

2) Using PLC intelligently control the frequency conversion centrifuge, the operator can also accurately reduce the speed of the screw ejector, and reduce the differential speed (pushing speed) by reducing the speed of the auxiliary motor. The option to reduce the speed of the auxiliary motor is more effective in reducing the differential speed (pushing speed). In this case, the centrifuge can work better in waste water separation when operating at high speed and low differential speed (pushing speed). Performance of the decanter centrifuge.

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Jun 24

GN solid control GNLW series mud centrifuges, also known as horizontal spiral unloading sedimentation centrifuges, mud centrifuges, are characteristics of drilling mud, the mud recovery system developed and designed, and solid-liquid separation special solid-control equipment, suitable for oil and gas Drilling mud, sludge dewatering, particle size classification, food protein, starch, kaolin, natural gas desulfurization sludge, waste oil purification and other industries. The removal of fine solids reduces the solids content of the solid-liquid mixture, controls the density and viscosity of the drilling mud, ensures the performance of the drilling fluid, and plays an important role in fast drilling.

During the use of the centrifuge, drum jam may occur, affecting the use of the centrifuge

Mud separation centrifuge analysis

The reason for the blockage is as follows: During the operation of the centrifuge, the flow rate of the slurry pump is too large, or the density of the inhaled mud suddenly increases, the work is not smooth, causing the current to exceed the normal value, causing the auxiliary motor to trip, causing the centrifuge to clog and stop working.

Congestion Cause II: When the centrifuge was stopped, the operation was not carried out in accordance with the operating procedures, the flushing was not performed, or the flushing was not completed. The slurry was already solidified when it was used again, and the inside of the centrifuge could not be rotated, causing the centrifuge to clog.

 

It is advisable to analyze the situation and start the auxiliary motor first. Observe that if the differential and the drum follow the auxiliary motor and it gets faster and faster, it means that the material flushing between the drum and the auger is not thorough or even blocked. Start the main motor in such a way that the centrifuge overcomes the clogging; the material between the drum and the auger should be cleaned.

 

The specific operation method is: remove the shield, use the pipe clamp to clamp the coupling of the auxiliary motor, and apply force in both positive and negative directions. Note: It is not possible to use brute force to prevent the differential from being damaged. Or from the slurry into the water, soak for 12 hours to soften the solidified material, which helps to rotate the motor coupling.

 

Open the collection box for cleaning:

 

Every three days, the collection box should be opened for inspection and cleaning. The wear sleeve, scraper and end scraper on the slag outlet of the main engine are all fragile parts. Be careful when cleaning.

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Jun 16

First, the process

1, water-based drilling mud

1 In the case of normal production of the well team solid control equipment, the cuttings discharged from the well team drilling fluid vibrating screen are sent to the drill cutting dryer for drying, and the solid granular mud generated by the well team shaker is processed. Cuttings are dried.

2Drill cuttings produced by the well team shaker are processed by the dryer drying unit. If they reach the standard, they can be discharged directly. If they are not up to the standard, they can be delivered to the first crucible (primary separation crucible) of the mud processing equipment. Dry the vibrating screen (with drill cuttings automatic curing system) for secondary drying. Cured and dried sludge can be directly discharged if it reaches the standard.

(3) The liquid phase discharged from the dryer and the mixed phase discharged from other solids and control equipment such as the de-sanding device, drilling fluid desilter, and drilling fluid centrifuge are uniformly transported to the second vessel (recovery and conditioning). Dosing modulation mixed stirring treatment.

4 The mud treated by the oil-recovering mash is transferred to the decanter centrifuge on the first rake for solid-liquid separation. The separated liquid phase is reused, and the solid phase enters the sludge conveyor and is sent to the automatic curing system. Drying treatment, treatment after the row.

oil rig mud system

oil rig mud system

Automatic curing system

Spin-drying and solid-liquid separation systems

Social benefits and economic benefits of GN Solid Waste Management System:

Drilling waste mud or cuttings after processing by this device not only enables the drilling fluid taken away from the waste cuttings to be fully recycled, but also saves a large part of resources, and the treated solid objects reach the state’s regulations. The platoon standards, the indicators in the wastewater have reached the national levitation indicators.

After several years of exploration and transformation, the skid-mounted drilling mud produced by our company is not a land-recycling treatment system, and it has been widely used in major domestic oil and gas fields.

At present, the skid-mounted drilling mud harmless treatment device produced by our company has been applied to more than one hundred wells, and it has finally passed the test. It has been unanimously recognized and praised by industry company leaders and experts. The company upholds the concept of integration and innovation, and continues to deepen the study of miniaturized skid-mounted harmless disposal equipment to create clean energy and build a harmonious society and natural environment for development goals. .

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